12 August

Cerebral Palsy - Symptoms, Treatment

Contents:

1. Causes of Cerebral Palsy

2. Symptoms of cerebral palsy

3. forms of cerebral palsy

4. Cerebral Palsy Treatment

cerebral palsy (CP) is called the cerebral hypoplasia and non-progressive CNS disease.The causes of cerebral palsy can be a variety of adverse factors in the prenatal, perinatal and postpartum periods.The disease is accompanied by impaired musculoskeletal system (paralysis, twitching, problems with speech), imbalance, and in some cases - epilepsy and intellectual disabilities.Severe cerebral palsy lead to profound disability.cerebral palsy incidence of 2-3 cases per thousand live births, this disease affects about 1% of premature infants.

Causes of Cerebral Palsy

main causes of cerebral palsy are associated with brain baby brain damage in utero and early in life.These include:

  • chronic fetal hypoxia;
  • intrauterine infection;
  • fetal asphyxia during delivery;
  • premature or rapid deliveries;
  • hypothermia in the first few hours after birth;
  • anemia in the mother during pregnancy;
  • maternal smoking, alcohol and drug use during pregnancy;
  • infection of the nervous system in the 1st year of baby's life.

Symptoms of cerebral palsy

disease can occur immediately after birth, and in the first months of life.Symptoms of cerebral palsy depend on the depth of the nervous system, the degree of marrow hypoplasia and localization of lesions.

lack of movement or excessive movement of the child, delayed motor skills, seizures, problems with retention of the head, a strong backlog of speech development - severe symptoms that require immediate access to a neurologist.

Most often those with cerebral palsy affects parts of the brain that are responsible for movement, balance and muscle tone.Such a violation is manifested in the form of paralysis, twitches, involuntary movements and improve muscle tone.Children with cerebral palsy are lagging behind in development - bad move or do not move the limbs may later begin to turn, keep your head, sit, crawl, walk, and take an interest in toys.A child can not stand on the whole foot and relies only on tiptoes, not able to hold a toy in his hands, can not consciously unclench a fist, raise or move a limb.

When paralyzed cerebral palsy can be only one limb, one-sided arm and leg, two legs and two arms.These limbs significantly lag behind in development - they are thinner and shorter than normal, have skeletal deformities and joint contractures.

disturbed coordination of movements: there are problems with gait, the child can fall when walking, nodding his head, to make uncontrolled movements of the limbs.

In children with cerebral palsy are also possible seizures, blurred vision, strabismus, hearing problems, respiratory, gastrointestinal and mental.

forms of cerebral palsy

There are 3 main types of cerebral palsy.

Gemillegicheskaya form - the most common type of cerebral palsy.It develops when damage to one hemisphere of the brain.From the very first days of life the baby can be seen that one of his legs and arms almost do not participate in the movement.These children later begin to sit, stand and walk.Also, this form of cerebral palsy accompanied by seizures.

When the hyperkinetic form of cerebral palsy in the tone of the flexors and extensors myshtsah- constantly changing, which leads to rapid involuntary movements of the limbs and trunk, which interfere with the child to maintain balance and walk.Frequently observed problems with speech.

Diplegicheskaya form of cerebral palsy (Little's disease) is characterized by spastic paralysis or spastic paresis feet.Kid is far behind in physical development, stand and walk begins with a long delay.Such patients have a peculiar gait: rely on your fingers, not the sole, knees while walking rub against each other.

Cerebral Palsy Treatment

Treatment should be initiated as early as possible.Despite the fact that the disease is incurable, with timely treatment possible maximum beneficial development of the child.Comprehensive treatment of cerebral palsy include constant exercise therapy, drug therapy, psychological support, language development, a spa treatment, orthopedic and surgical treatments.Approach to Cerebral Palsy Treatment should be individualized depending on the severity of the disease.

Physiotherapy treatments for cerebral palsy: exercise therapy, massage, electrical stimulation of muscles and nerves, acupuncture, electric, balneotherapy, thermal and mud treatments, electrophoresis of drugs.

Orthopedic measures aimed at improving the child's life and the elimination of defects in the limbs defeat.Special orthopedic suits and trainers help to relax one muscle group and make it work more.

the treatment of children with cerebral palsy important place is given to psychotherapy.It helps the child cope with depressive states that occur due to the severity of the disease.

Drug therapy - the most difficult part in the treatment of cerebral palsy.Since cerebral palsy symptoms are quite varied, the amount of necessary medicines can be very large.In practice a vascular and nootropic drugs, amino acids, muscle relaxants.Because vascular drugs most commonly prescribed vinpocetine, which improves power brain nerve cells.Nootropics Piracetam favorably influences the brain trophism.Muscle relaxants are struggling with muscle spasms in the limbs and minimize the symptoms of cerebral palsy.Usually for this purpose children administered tolperisone.As for the amino acids (glycine, etc.), They help to relax muscles and decrease neural excitability patient.

order not to give the child at the same time a large number of drugs for the treatment of cerebral palsy often recommend cortexin - a drug having multiple effects.

child with cerebral palsy twice a year must undergo a rehabilitation course in a hospital or health resort specializing in the treatment of this disease.At home, you need to constantly carry out special exercises aimed at consolidating the already acquired skills and the development of new.

When expressed contracture recommended surgical treatment.Orthopedic surgeons can lengthen the bones, tendons and muscles, hold operation on the nerves, tendon transplant or cut them to relieve spasticity.Surgical intervention is aimed at the prevention and treatment of contractures, subluxations and dislocations of joints.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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