2 May

Depression - causes, symptoms, treatments

Contents:

1. Causes Depression

2. Symptoms of depression

3. Treating depression

4. How to get out of depression or change lifestyle

we all experience ups and downs, so sad - a normal reaction to the struggle of life with a lot of failures and disappointments.To explain these feelings, most people use the term "depression".However, this is much more than the usual sadness.Depression - a fairly serious psychological disorder, which affects not only patients themselves, but also the people around them.It is also characterized by the fact that, unlike the simple sadness hinders work, eat, study, sleep and have fun.Man is constantly haunted by the feeling of helplessness, worthlessness and hopelessness.

So, what are the causes and symptoms of depression?What are the treatments for depression?How to get out of depression?On this and many other things we will tell you on.

Causes Depression

Depression can occur at any age completely, the representatives of different social groups.Firs

t and foremost, this is explained by the fact that the values ​​of modern society have a huge impact on a person.People aspire to professional success, social welfare, visual appeal.If you achieve this does not work, then often people fall into despair, because the experience of failure is not so easy.As a result, it may develop depression.

To it can also cause a variety of severe psychological trauma: the death of a loved one, breakup with a loved one, family breakdown, any serious illness.

Sometimes it happens that a depressive disorder occurs for no apparent reason.Scientists believe that in such situations particularly role of neurochemical processes, for example, exchange of neurotransmitters (norepinephrine, serotonin, etc.).

Symptoms of depression Emotional symptoms of depression:

  • suffering, melancholy, depressed mood;
  • irritability;
  • internal stress, anxiety;
  • guilt, dissatisfaction, frequent self-incrimination;
  • loss or reduction of the possibility to enjoy pleasant activities in the past;
  • decline of interest in what is happening around;
  • inability to show any feelings (in severe cases).

physiological symptoms of depression:

  • violation bowel (constipation);
  • sleep disorders (insomnia, sleepiness);
  • overeating or loss of appetite;
  • decreased libido;
  • fatigue, weakness;
  • discomfort and pain (in the stomach, heart, muscle).

Behavioral symptoms of depression:

  • pessimism;
  • avoiding contact with people;
  • suicidal thoughts (in severe cases);
  • passivity;
  • rejection of entertainment;
  • trouble concentrating;
  • substance abuse and alcohol abuse;
  • slowing of thought;
  • predominance of negative thoughts about what is happening in your life, about yourself and about the world in general;
  • difficulty making decisions.

For the production of "depressive disorder" diagnosis is important that part of these symptoms was observed for at least 2 weeks.

Treating depression

main type of drugs for the treatment of depressive disorders are antidepressants.Today, preference is given to a new generation of drugs, the benefits of which are to reduce side effects, improve the tolerability, safety in overdose and toxicity reduction.Antidepressants are very effective and safe in compliance with all recommendations of the doctor.These drugs are not addictive, in contrast to the benzodiazepine anxiolytics (e.g. Fenazepam, ì) and valokordin and korvalola.

necessary complement to medical treatment is psychotherapy.This method allows you to work on the continuous development of the skills of emotional self-control in crisis situations.

  • Using behavioral therapy eliminates the patient's current life problems and removed behavioral symptoms: passivity, renunciation of pleasures, the impossibility of planning, routine lifestyle, isolation from others.
  • Psychodynamic therapy is aimed at the study of the internal unconscious conflicts.These include the desire to be independent and at the same time to receive care and assistance from others;tendency to take offense at people, combined with the need to always be good in the eyes of loved ones.The goal of this therapy - understanding the conflict and help in its successful resolution.
  • Cognitive therapy is based on dealing with life's problems and behavioral manifestations of depression, coupled with the identification of sources of psychological diseases.

How to get out of depression or change the way of life

To pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy of depression were more effective, it is also necessary to provide self-help yourself.

Do not be afraid to ask for help.If you have a strong support (friends, family), you can accelerate much recovery.Isolation from human contact - makeup for depression.

sure to lead a healthy lifestyle, get exercise, eat healthy food, practice different relaxation techniques.Think about what other changes you can do to recover from depression.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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