Depersonalization - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment


1. symptoms of depersonalization personality

2. Causes disorders

3. Treatment of depersonalization

depersonalization call such a person a mental condition in which he ceases to be aware ofthemselves as a whole person.She seemed to be divided into two parts - observe and acting.The observing of the senses often act as alien, separate from himself.That is the person it seems that his own voice, his thoughts, feelings and body belong to somebody else.However, he does not lose the sense of reality and is able to objectively assess the situation.

depersonalization syndrome is not always a mental disorder.Occasionally it happens in almost 70% of the people and is expressed as a feeling of unreality, a short-term sense of not belonging, etc. StatementVery often depersonalisation syndrome occurs in children during the period of self-development.Such cases, even if they are repeated regularly, have not considered pathology.

depersonalization personality can be attributed to mental

disorders when it is stable and does not pass on for quite some time.Diagnosis is based on a number of symptoms.

symptoms of depersonalization personality

At an early stage of development, depersonalisation syndrome patients are aware that perceive their own "I" is not, as required, and painfully because of this.They are reflective, all the time trying to analyze its internal state and describe it without confusion, adequately assessing the fact of internal disorder.

Initially depersonalization of the individual symptoms can be expressed in a person's complaints that he is somewhere in an unfamiliar place, and his body, feelings and thoughts belong to someone else.In some cases, people have a strong sense of unreality of the world (derealization).Familiar objects and objects in the perception of the patients seem unfamiliar, non-existent, lifeless, like theatrical scenery.

important symptom of depersonalization of the individual in the initial, not related to other mental form of the disease is the fact that a person is in clear consciousness.He understands what is happening and experiencing shock from the inability to manage their feelings.This aggravates the internal state and contributes to the progression of the disorder.

People with the syndrome of acute depersonalization cease to have feelings of resentment, joy, sadness, anger, remorse and compassion.They react poorly to some trouble and behave as if there are somewhere in another dimension.The world around us for such a person becomes gray and uninteresting, and is perceived as in a dream.He practically does not change the mood - it is neither bad nor good.This assessment of the reality is quite adequate and logical.

In general, the symptoms of depersonalization of the individual in severe include:

  • blunting or complete loss of feeling close to the previously much-loved, people;
  • indifferent attitude to eating, physical discomfort, the weather, the works of art;
  • knock down the perception of time and space;
  • difficulties when trying to remember even what happened recently;
  • loss of interest in life;
  • depression, detachment, isolation.

Since people suffering similar mental disorder are quite sane, often suffer greatly because of their condition and can prove suicidal, they need the help of a specialist.But before such assistance is necessary to find out the causes of the patient's depersonalization.

Causes disorders

One of the leading causes of depersonalization is a lot of stress, anxiety and panic caused the emotional state or depression.In such situations, reflexively include protective mechanisms of the psyche, makes a man as if to hide from external threat and internal fears.In some cases, the cause of depersonalization becomes a conflict between the individual who creates a psychological disorder and separates it into two, alien or hostile to each other half.

cause of depersonalization may be:

  • Epilepsy;
  • neurological diseases;
  • psychological stress;
  • emotional trauma;
  • brain tumor;
  • neurosurgical operations;
  • Lack of communication with the outside world;
  • Schizophrenia;
  • endocrine pathology;
  • Psychosis;
  • mania;
  • Congenital central nervous system;
  • Application psihodispepticheskih substances;
  • physical injury caused by a mental disorder.

depersonalization in the treatment plays an important role the cause of its occurrence.In some cases initially need to pay attention to signs of some other physiological or mental disorders.If they are absent, frustration is treated as an independent, not provoked by other illnesses, the deviation from the norm.

Treatment of depersonalization

Treatment depersonalitsii, in whatever form it is, begins with a rational explanation to the patient that his condition is not hopeless and incomprehensible.Psychiatrist gives examples of healthy people, who from time to time there are the same sensations as in the patient.Its main goal - to change the person's attention to the world around us and reduce alienation from the world and from himself.

In addition, the expert tries to convince the patient the idea that it is possible to deal with the disorder.This helps autogenic training and hypnosis.In mild depersonalization such methods, together with a program of social rehabilitation usually work successfully, improving the psychological state of the person.As adjunctive therapy he prescribed stimulants light -. Fenamin, caffeine, etc. Sometimes it is useful to receive weak neuroleptics.

In severe treatment of depersonalization is often more complex.Patients may passively or even negatively perceive the talk with a psychiatrist, showing increased anxiety.This situation requires a comprehensive potent drug therapy.Patients are assigned tranquilizers, antipsychotics and antidepressants (Phenazepam, amitriptyline, Sonapaks, Klopiramin, quetiapine, etc.) In conjunction with vitamin C.

In Europe, large doses of antioxidant effect with nootropics are used for the treatment of depersonalization - Tsitoflamina, Cavinton etc.

If the patient is in violation of the work of opioid brain function in complex therapy include tools such as naloxone and naltrexone.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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