2. Types disease
3. Inguinal hernia
4. Umbilical hernia
6. hernia symptoms
7. Treatment hernia
hernia - is stepping of any organ of the abdominal cavity through the weaknesses of the abdominal wall under the skin.Outgoing agencies are located in the hernial sac.With this disease may face absolutely anyone, the risk of disease does not depend on age or gender.Men, as a rule, there are inguinal hernias, and women and children - umbilical hernia.
cause of hernia can be an increase in intra-abdominal pressure (with a strong cough, constipation, difficulty urinating, weight lifting, childbirth, etc.) Or weakening of the abdominal wall after stretching and thinning (with injuries, diseases, age-related changes, repeatpregnancy and so on.).Risk factors may also be a genetic predisposition, the peculiarities of its body and the anatomical structure of the area of protrusion formation.
By etiological basis of the disease is congenital and acquired.Congenital protrusions occur due to a faulty structure of the abdominal wall, and the consequences are acquired diseases or injuries.
By localizing the disease is classified as follows: inguinal hernia, femoral, abdominal, umbilical hernia, diaphragmatic, intervertebral hernia, etc.
According to the clinical course of the disease is uncomplicated and complicated (nevpravimye damaged, disadvantaged and others.), In the direction of protrusion.- internal and external protrusions.
Inguinal hernia occurs in 66% of cases.More than 90% of cases - men.The cause of the disease may be the anatomical features of the patient's groin area of the structure.As a rule, most common are inguinal hernias, where the hernial sac enters the inguinal canal.This disease can be both acquired and congenital.
subspecies of inguinal hernia are direct and oblique hernia.Bias first appears under the skin, and then descends into the labia lips, or scrotum.With regard to the direct inguinal hernia usually it is two-way in and out of the abdominal cavity through the medial inguinal pit, which is located opposite to the superficial inguinal ring.This disease can easily recognize through simple methods of diagnosis at an early stage of development.
as a gate for umbilical hernia appears stretched umbilical ring - in this place reveals anatomical predisposition to the appearance of the defect.Typically, umbilical hernia occurs in nulliparous women, as the umbilical ring is weakened during pregnancy and childbirth.Large umbilical hernia often have multi-chamber bag, the contents of which can be not only the small bowel loops and omentum, and colon, and even the stomach.Umbilical hernia is often accompanied by pain and nausea.
Intervertebral hernia - a stepping intervertebral disc into the spinal canal.Most often, it becomes the cause of deterioration of the intervertebral disc.This disease is considered one of the most dangerous diseases of the spine, as the protrusion of the intervertebral discs in the spinal canal leads to compression of the spinal cord and nerve roots.The main symptom of a herniated disc - a sharp pain in the back or lower back.
most commonly herniated formed in the lumbar spine, as most of the burden falls on the department.It is rarely a problem occurs in the thoracic or cervical spine.By the formation of intervertebral hernias often cause metabolic disorders, low back pain, injury, poor posture, lifting weights and infection.
At the initial stage of the patient are concerned only a cosmetic defect, which is a hernial diverticulum.This symptom of a hernia is a small swelling of the oval, round or irregular shapes.
Over time, there are other symptoms of a hernia - the discomfort and pain.The intensity of pain is not dependent on the size of protrusions.Generally, pain evident during exercise, walking, severe coughing, playing sports, slopes, however, the pain may occur at rest.Patients also complain of symptoms such hernias, such as nausea, vomiting, malaise, and decreased performance.
When protrusions large size often is a violation of the functions of organs that are in the hernial sac.In this case, the following hernia symptoms: chronic constipation, disturbances of urination, bloating, trouble breathing.
At the initial stage of the disease defect can usually be easily straighten a simple finger pressure.If the disease is not treated, over time, a protrusion grows in size and becomes nevpravimym.
The disease can not be cured of any medications or physiotherapy or conspiracies.surgery is the only effective treatment for hernia.Delaying treatment of hernias sometimes leads to tragic consequences, so at first her symptoms should immediately seek medical attention.
Treatment of hernia is performed by removing the hernia sac, reposition the viscera into the abdominal cavity and strengthening the weakened areas of the abdominal wall.For each type of disease used their methods of treatment.
Surgical treatment of hernias can be performed openly - with a cut anterior abdominal wall.Also, it can pass through a 2 mikroprokola in the abdominal wall - this is called endoscopic surgery.Both operations hernia treatment are equally effective.The only difference is that the open operation easier for the surgeon to execute, and laparoscopy in the rehabilitation process gives the patient much less discomfort.
No bandages (Waist Belt) are unable to straighten hernia.The most they do is stick to it and do not give the disease worsen.
Medication does not affect the course of the disease and does not eliminate the symptoms of a hernia.Sense of them may be only if the patient has had surgery.In this case, the intake of vitamins, fortifying agents and special agents to help the patient recover faster after surgery.At this time, particularly useful to use ascorbic acid.
Conservative treatment of hernia is only valid in elderly patients with hernia of enormous proportions, as in such situations, the risk in the operation above its potential benefits to the patient.So instead of surgery for these patients in a lifetime wearing bandages.
Complications Possible complications herniation: impairment, inflammation, tuberculosis hernia sac, viscera rupture in the hernial sac, coprostasia (stool retention), foreign bodies in the hernial sac.All of these complications vary in severity, but modern medicine to cope with most of them.
most dangerous complication that can occur when the disease is considered infringement.It is accompanied by compression of the bodies in the field of hernial ring.The walls of such bodies disturbed blood supply, and it can cause necrosis of the tissue, which in turn can lead to death.It is especially dangerous when the infringement intervertebral hernia.Therefore, surgical intervention is necessary at the first symptoms of a hernia.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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