Types and symptoms of glossitis , treatment of the disease


1. symptoms

2. Types glossitis

3. Treatment glossitis

Glossitis - an inflammatory disease of the language, which is caused by a viral or bacterial microflora.The disease can be independent or one of the symptoms of systemic pathologies.

Often the cause of glossitis is a herpes virus.

Contribute to the development of the disease burns of the mouth, frequent consumption of very hot beverages.If you have injuries of the mouth or tongue are created ideal conditions for the development of microorganisms that cause glossitis.In addition, to provoke the appearance of glossitis are hot, spicy, spicy food, candy, a specific reaction to certain types of toothpaste, overreliance mouth freshener.Susceptible to this disease smokers and alcohol abusers people.

Glossitis is a classic symptom of poisoning with heavy metal salts.Poor oral hygiene, use someone else's toothbrush increase the risk of disease.

can sometimes form chronic glossitis.This contributes to the frequent and long-te

rm effect on the language of chemical irritants, trauma tongue sharp edges of fillings or dentures, decayed teeth.Chronic disease provokes dysbacteriosis, decreased immunity.


to the initial symptoms of glossitis include discomfort, burning, foreign body in the mouth.Then language becomes slightly swollen, maroon or bright red.Gradually the swelling increases, increased salivation.Taste blunted or lost.Because of the pain and swelling of the language the patient's speech becomes slurred.

In the absence of treatment glossitis becomes chronic, which is characterized by a dense swelling and changes in the structure of language.At the bottom of the cliff in the language sometimes are formed mushroom-shaped growths.

Symptoms of glossitis in a progressive form are abscess (purulent inflammation of tissue) of the language, the development of pulsating sharp pain.In the formation of an abscess there is a significant increase in salivation.

flow glossitis may be complicated by the appearance of cellulitis (acute diffuse purulent inflammation).In this case, the melting portion purulent tissue edema and grasps the bottom of the mouth and neck.The patient experiences severe pain, asthma attacks can be, the body temperature rises, increasing the regional lymph nodes.

Types glossitis

Depending on the nature and main features of the disease are the following types glossitis.

Catarrhal.It is characterized by swelling, redness of the tongue, the formation of plaque on its surface.The inflammatory process develops in the surface layers of the tongue, without affecting deep.The cause catarrhal glossitis are usually thermal or chemical burns, trauma language, candidiasis, stomatitis, oral infectious diseases, diseases of the digestive tract, metabolic disorders, vitamin deficiency, anemia and other diseases.

Ulcerative.Symptoms of this type of glossitis is the appearance of small ulcers on the tongue (single or multiple).Ulcers are accompanied by swelling, bleeding, severe pain.This type of glossitis may be a continuation of catarrhal type, or be a symptom of gum disease, mouth, digestive system.

Pyo-flegmozny.One of the most severe types of glossitis.The inflammatory process extends to deeper layers of the tongue, mouth tissue.In addition, the nearby lymph nodes inflamed, increased body temperature, the patient's condition is very serious.

desquamative glossitis.A characteristic feature of the disease is the "geographical" language, which has a pinkish-red "mottled" appearance, which resembles the contours of the continents on a map.Places flaking, peeling epithelium called desquamation areas.The cause of desquamative glossitis called the deterioration of food tissues of the mucous membranes of language, so that they peel.Usually desquamative glossitis not accompanied by complaints.Sometimes the feeling of mild tingling, mostly in the localization of lesions on the sides or the tip of your tongue.Desquamative glossitis often develops in exudative diathesis, blood diseases, digestive system, metabolic disorders, parasitic infestations, in pregnant women.

Median rhomboid.A symptom of this type of glossitis is a local thickening of the epithelium in the middle of the tongue back.Thickening is rhomboid or oval shape and color changes from red to blue.This type of disease is chronic diseases of the digestive system.He is prone to chronic leakage with exacerbations.

Atrophic.Usually only seen, smooth, bright red spot, which occupies the entire surface of the tongue.Stain can persist long enough, is not progressing.In some cases, a decrease in the size of the language, an extension of lymphatic and blood vessels, inflammation and edema of the papillary layer.Atrophic glossitis may be a sign of lack of vitamins A, E or defeat of language in gonorrhea.

Gunterovsky.A symptom of this type of glossitis is a bright crimson color and "painted" kind of language, due to atrophy of the papillae.The disease appears at lack of folic acid and vitamin B12, often with blood disorders.

Candida or mycotic.With this type of glossitis the tongue becomes swollen, with white bloom, with pronounced transverse and longitudinal furrows.The disease usually occurs as a result of antibiotic treatment, during which the natural microflora of the patient was depressed.The most common candida glossitis appears in people with reduced immunity, the elderly and young children.

Treatment glossitis

therapy in this disease is primarily aimed at addressing the underlying disease or damaging factor.completely eliminate irritating foods Prior to cure inflammation.

for local rinsing, applications and trays used antiseptic solutions.For anesthesia when administered rinsing solutions glossitis anesthetics.

When hyperkeratosis (thickening of the large stratum corneum), the affected area is removed surgically.

the treatment of glossitis necessarily prescribe multivitamins immunnostimulyatory, antihistamines.In severe cases, the disease is conducted antibiotic therapy when necessary.

In the case of treatment of glossitis running form can be used surgical methods.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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