1. The causes and forms of glomerulonephritis
2. Symptoms of glomerulonephritis
3. Glomerulonephritis: diagnosis and treatment
4. Glomerulonephritis in children
Glomerulonephritis - an autoimmune infectious inflammation of the kidney glomeruli, in which is their destruction and desiccation.
Home kidney function, in particular the glomeruli - the blood filtering and output of all toxic substances in the urine.If glomerulonephritis kidney can not cope with its functions, it is bad blood filters or filters in general, its filtering apparatus becomes inflamed, causing tangles "die", the kidney shrinks.
often cause glomerulonephritis becomes not a cure, not dolechennoe or improper treatment of acute infectious disease, which in combination with a genetic predisposition contributes to the development of inflammation in the kidney tissues.Glomerulonephritis is not the infection itself, its appearance - a kind of immune response to this
Thus, glomerulonephritis in children and adults most often occurs after suffering tonsillitis, scarlet fever, pneumonia, measles, in the case of exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis, and even after influenza.
Factors that provoke disease include severe hypothermia, excessive use of allergens, exposure to toxic substances, the use of certain medications.
There are acute, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, and chronic.
acute form of glomerulonephritis usually cause streptococci rarely staphylococci, pneumococci and other strains.In its acute glomerulonephritis usually proceeds rapidly, has a pronounced symptoms, but it is well treatable.Although it is possible for the latent and in which the symptoms are less pronounced, but the disease has the potential to acquire a chronic form.
flow rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis form corresponds to its name, the pathological processes in the kidney are very fast, which often leads to kidney failure need dialysis or even a kidney transplant.Diagnosis
glomerulonephritis in its chronic form is based on the continuous microscopic hematuria (small blood in the urine), against the pressurized cylindruria (elevated cylinders in the urine) and proteinuria (high protein content in the urine).This form of glomerulonephritis from time to time can pass in an acute form.Although, as a rule, the opposite is true, namely, the transition of the acute form of the disease in the chronic.Chronic characterized nephrotic, hypertension, latent and mixed forms of glomerulonephritis.
glomerulonephritis Acute glomerulonephritis begins 7-20 days after suffering an infectious disease.His first manifestation: the deterioration of the general condition, weakness, decreased performance, increased fatigue, decreased appetite.After some time, there are pain, fever, skin becomes unnatural pallor, edema occur.Edema - this is the result of increased loss of body protein.They can be of varying degrees of severity, might be a slight swelling of the eyelids, or severe swelling all over the body.At the same time the amount of urine is reduced, going to the toilet becomes rare.In severe cases, acute glomerulonephritis may complete cessation of urine.
One of the classic symptoms of glomerulonephritis - an unnatural color of urine, from pink to dark red, even greenish, which indicates the presence of blood in it.
Patients often there are headaches, nausea, vision deteriorates, which is a natural consequence of high blood pressure that often accompanies severe kidney damage.
Preclinical diagnosis of glomerulonephritis is based on the symptomatic picture of the disease.
Clinical diagnosis of glomerulonephritis begins with the biochemical analysis of blood and urine.Elevated levels of red blood cells, protein, and other indicators of cylinders in the urine indicates inflammation in the kidneys.Conversely, low levels of protein in the blood indicates the presence of glomerulonephritis.
To determine the level of specific-immunoglobulin proteins for diagnosis of glomerulonephritis conducted immunological blood test.In some cases, you may need a kidney biopsy needle.
Treatment of acute glomerulonephritis should be done in a hospital.Before improving the patient shows a strict bed rest.
first step in the treatment of glomerulonephritis - salt-free diet.From the patient's diet exclude salt products containing animal protein.In the early days is to limit the intake of dairy products, meat and dishes from it.Minor amounts of salt (no more than 2-4 g per day) can be added to the food one month after initiation of treatment.
patient is allowed to eat vegetables (especially potatoes), cereals, vegetable oil, and most fruits.
Drug treatment of glomerulonephritis in children and adults include:
1. Antibiotics.It is carried out in order to eliminate the infection, which was responsible for the disease.
2. Receiving diuretics.Diuretics are used to eliminate edema and urinary regulation.
3. Acceptance of glucocorticoid hormones.Is required for the purpose of correction of the arisen disorders of the immune system.
4. Receive special products that will improve renal blood flow.
after acute glomerulonephritis to avoid hypothermia, physical exhaustion, it is necessary to limit the long-term stay in an upright position.
very important to timely diagnosis and treatment of glomerulonephritis, otherwise the disease threatens a person severe renal and heart failure, severe visual impairment and other complications.
Since children often suffer from different kinds of adult acute respiratory disease, including angina, it is they have a high probability of occurrence of glomerulonephritis.There are cases of acute glomerulonephritis in children after the vaccination.
Symptoms of glomerulonephritis in children do not differ from the adult symptoms, but in some cases, "child" acute glomerulonephritis manifests itself more pronounced.
When the first warning signs of the child need to be hospitalized.Such hospitalization usually lasts for about two months.But this treatment does not end there, it continues at the place of residence of the child.In addition, after acute glomerulonephritis child at least five years must be controlled by a nephrologist.
most important thing parents can do to prevent glomerulonephritis in children, this is the correct and timely treatment of infectious diseases.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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