Left ventricular hypertrophy - symptoms, treatment


1. Causes

2. Signs of left ventricular hypertrophy

3. Treatment of diseases

Left ventricular hypertrophy - a disease in which the muscle of the leftventricle thickens, because of what his wall loses its elasticity.If this is also unevenly compacted cardiac septum, may be irregularities in the mitral and aortic heart valves.

Today thickening of the left ventricular muscle is very common.The disease often occurs in middle-aged and even younger.It is considered quite a serious disease because it can result in heart attack, stroke or sudden death of a man.

hypertrophy tends to a constant progression.At the same time signs of the disease are not always pronounced, which often contributes to the worsening of its course.However, with timely medical care provided, even in severe stages of the disease are usually favorable forecasts.


One of the main causes of hypertrophy of the left ventricle of the heart is a hereditary factor.In people, among relatives which in any gen

eration observed heart disease, there is a genetic predisposition to the disease.This means that the risk of thickening of the wall of the left ventricle in them is quite high.

Among the many causes of left ventricular hypertrophy, the most common are:

  • Hypertensive heart disease;
  • Coronary heart disease;
  • Diabetes;
  • Atherosclerosis;
  • Atrial fibrillation;
  • Obesity;
  • Diseases of peripheral vascular system;
  • stenosis of the aortic valve;
  • excessive exercise;
  • Stress, psychological instability;
  • Muscular Dystrophy;
  • disease Farben;
  • Alcoholism;
  • Tobacco;
  • sedentary lifestyle.

cause of left ventricular hypertrophy may be a long and strenuous athletic training, part of the excitement, anxiety, lack of rest, etc.All these factors cause an increased blood pulsation, as a result of which the heart muscles thicken.Whereby sealing occurs and the left ventricular wall.

Signs of left ventricular hypertrophy

Signs of left ventricular hypertrophy depends on the degree of compaction of the heart septum, from such a seal a place in the myocardium, by its symmetry and uniformity.In some cases, the disease for a long time makes itself felt only minor disruptions of the heart.And the man does not even suspect that he develops a hypertrophy of the left ventricle of the heart.

In general, the main features of hypertrophy can be considered:

  • regularly encountered various pain in the heart;
  • atrial fibrillation;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • angina
  • instability of blood pressure;
  • Sleep disturbance, manifested in insomnia, or, conversely, in constant sleepiness;
  • Frequent headaches;
  • weakness, fatigue;
  • pain in the chest.

One of the signs of left ventricular hypertrophy may be fainting, due to a sudden heart sinking.This is due to malnutrition and heart muscle infarction starvation.

general seal of the left ventricle of the heart muscle, in many cases, too, can be regarded as an independent disease, but a symptom of an illness.This can be quite serious pathology, including heart disease, stroke, pulmonary edema, kidney disease, etc.Therefore, the appearance of some variations in the general well-being, similar to the signs of hypertrophy, it is necessary to consult a doctor.Otherwise there is a risk of serious complications, sometimes ending in death.


Treatment The goal of treatment of left ventricular hypertrophy is the normalization of the myocardium.First you need to find out the nature and characteristics of hypertrophy using survey.It includes blood tests, regular checks of blood pressure, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram and ultrasound.Based on these results a cardiologist makes conclusions about the patient has any concomitant diseases and ways to combat them.And then selects a method of treatment of left ventricular hypertrophy.

If drug therapy, are usually prescribed Verapamil in combination with beta-blockers.Effective this treatment is only if the refusal of bad habits, adherence of the day and a specific diet.It must be present seafood, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, lean meats.Eating fatty meat, animal fats, sweets, fried and baked foods should be kept to a minimum.

When medical treatment of left ventricular hypertrophy shows a mobile lifestyle with a gentle physical activity.Sometimes doctors recommend that patients go swimming, jogging, aerobics.

If the duration of a course of drug therapy hypertrophy continues to progress, the patient is surgery to remove the thickened portion of the heart muscle can be offered.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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