29 April

Hyperhydration organism - symptoms , types , treatment

Contents:

1. Causes

2. symptoms of overhydration

3. Types of hydration of the body

4. Consequences

5. treatment overhydration

overhydration is called a special form of violation of water-salt balance, representing the excess volume of water in the body or in separate parts.The clinical manifestations of the disease include swelling of the lungs, brain or other tissues of the body, an overabundance of fluid in the abdominal cavity.In case of violation of water balance varies not only the volume of liquid, but also the content of minerals in the body.A change in excessive concentrations of potassium, sodium and other minerals leading to hypokalemia, hyponatremia electrolyte imbalance and the overall organism.Some effects of hydration can be critical for the life of the patient.

Causes

Hyperhydration can occur under the influence of external factors, as well as due to a number of diseases or disorders of functioning of an organ.

reasons for hydration are:

  • Water intoxication, characterized by low salt content or their complete absence.Typically, such a state develops due to repeated administration in body fluids (excessive introduction of water into the gastrointestinal tract for gastric lavage, excessive use of liquid on the background of mental disorders);
  • Congestive heart failure;
  • Cirrhosis of the liver;
  • Reduced renal excretory function;
  • problems with blood circulation, accompanied by the formation of edema;
  • Elevated levels of antidiuretic hormone in the body.

In addition, the risk of overhydration organism made up of people who observe a strict diet, and those who practice physical activity increased.

symptoms of overhydration

The main symptoms of fluid overload include:

  • Increased blood pressure;
  • edema formation;
  • cardiac arrhythmias;
  • Changing the volume of blood circulation;
  • intoxication, diarrhea and vomiting;
  • Violation of urine (anuria, polyuria);
  • neuropsychiatric disorders character (lethargy, apathy, seizures, impaired consciousness).

In some cases, there are symptoms of fluid overload as fever, skin redness, sleep disorders, and aversion to food.

Types of hydration of the body

iso-osmolar hyperhydration - is to increase the level of extracellular fluid osmolarity to normal.Typically, such a breach is of short duration and the normal functioning of all systems rather quickly eliminated by the body.

Gipoosmolyarnaya overhydratation organism develops simultaneously in the intercellular and cellular spaces.This disease represents a radical violation of the ion and the acid balance of the body, as well as the membrane potential of cells.

Hyperosmolar hyperhydration of the body - a violation of water-salt balance of the body, observed in the use of sea water for drinking.This disease is characterized by a rapid increase in the concentration of electrolytes in the body.

Consequences

Among the most serious consequences of overhydration include:

  • tissue edema - the pathological processes, which are characterized by an increase in the water content in the extravascular space;
  • brain edema - the pathological process, which is an excessive accumulation of fluid in the cells of the brain and spinal cord;
  • Pulmonary edema - a violation, accompanied by an increase in the liquid level in the lung tissue;
  • hypokalemia - lowering the concentration of potassium in the blood, which is characterized by insufficient quantity of potassium that enters the body, its movement in the tissue cells and increased excretion.
  • Hyponatremia - a symptom of overhydration, which is a decrease in the sodium concentration in the blood plasma;
  • Rapid weight gain.

treatment overhydration

In the treatment of fluid overload need to pay attention primarily on the causes of violations of the water balance of the body.

mild hyperhydration does not require medical treatment, since the proper functioning of all systems of the body is able to cope with the excess liquid.

Upon detection of symptoms of fluid overload as dizziness, headache, confusion and irritability, the patient should be reduced fluid intake.

In severe cases, fluid overload is assigned to drug treatment with diuretics, which is aimed at the rapid recovery of the water balance of the body.In some cases, the body's hydration apply symptomatic therapy.For complex forms of the disease the patient is prescribed hemodialysis.

If the person complies with any diet, the body usually does not get enough minerals.In this case the patient must reduce water consumption, since its excess can lead to a decrease in electrolyte levels in the body.To prevent the development of fluid overload in the diet and increased physical activity, can not be completely excluded from the diet of salt.For rapid replenishment of electrolyte and water balance of the body will be useful to use mineral water.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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