Causes and symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome , treatment


1. Causes and symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome

2. Diagnosis

3. Treating hyperventilation syndrome

hyperventilation syndrome (a nervous respiratory syndrome)- chronic or paroxysmal respiratory distress due to the action of mental factors.

Causes and symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome

Breathing - this is the only function of the body, which lends itself to the influence of both the autonomic and somatic nervous system.That is the emotional state of the person closely associated with the work of the respiratory system.Unstable emotional state leads to a breathing disorder (often a person breathes or rarely observed "failures" of breath or shallow breathing).

Improper breathing scheme entails changes in blood acidity, so that the metabolism.Violation of metabolism serves as an impetus for the emergence of symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome.

symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome are similar to symptoms of diseases such as asthma, angina, bronchitis, goiter, etc

.Although it is not, this pathology is nothing to do with the above diseases have not.Hyperventilation syndrome - a purely psychological illness, and the reason for its occurrence is considered a strong stress, frequent anxiety, excessive anxiety, depression.

The course of this disease can be chronic or paroxysmal in nature.Most often, there is a chronic course of the disease.

symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome in chronic course of his varied differently pathology manifests itself in each particular case.Usually, the patient is a combination of respiratory, muscular and emotional disorders:

  • feeling short of breath, difficulty in inspiration, "lump in the throat"
  • sense of compression in the chest
  • feeling "incomplete", "shallow" breathing
  • coughing and yawning
  • emotional tension, fears are groundless
  • fear of enclosed spaces
  • depression
  • fear of death
  • numbness of fingers and toes
  • muscle spasms upper and lower extremities
  • stiffness hands
  • pain in the heart.

The secondary symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome include high blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, intestinal disorders (constipation, diarrhea), abdominal pain, dizziness, feeling of impending fainting, slightly elevated body temperature.

paroxysmal character of the disease is almost always accompanied by panic attacks.Common symptoms of attacks is exacerbated symptoms of panic attacks, and is characterized by a heavy patient.

The diagnosis

diagnose hyperventilation syndrome is difficult.Symptoms of the disease cleverly "disguised" under the manifestations of diseases of the endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory system.For this reason, it is often the wrong diagnosis and, consequently, wrong, and often harmful, disease Treatment nonexistent.Inexperienced doctors confused with hyperventilation syndrome, pharyngitis, bronchitis, asthma, angina, pleurisy, gastritis, goitre and even tuberculosis.

To avoid this error requires a thorough medical examination of the patient in order to eliminate all of the above and other diseases.The patient is a consulting physician, neurologist, endocrinologist, he should undergo thyroid ultrasound and internal organs, as well as x-rays of the lungs.

The physician should consider the full symptomatic picture, as well as survey results.Blood hyperventilation syndrome patients poor in calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, but the level of sodium, usually higher than normal.

But even after the diagnosis of the disease situation is often exacerbated by the fact that the patient simply refuses to accept this diagnosis as a hyperventilation syndrome, he stubbornly continues to look at a more severe illness.This fact is the main obstacle to the successful treatment of this disease.

Treating hyperventilation syndrome

Treating hyperventilation syndrome carried neuropathologist doctor in three directions:

1. Psychotherapeutic treatment

2. Therapeutic breathing exercises

3. Medication

In many cases, a psychotherapeutic treatment is enough.Its essence is to change the attitude of the patient to the disease with the help of intelligible information about it.In addition, the therapeutic actions aimed at improving the human self in periods of exacerbation of the disease.

Breathing exercises in the treatment of hyperventilation syndrome is used to train the patient to breathe properly.It includes:

1. Intensive breathing into a paper or plastic bag.Such an exercise is to increase the level of carbon dioxide in the blood and thus eliminate disease symptoms.In addition, such action facilitates good condition of the patient at the next exacerbation.

2. «belly breathing."Exercise should be carried out in a calm atmosphere, breath at the same time should be smooth, not too deep, long breath and short breath.Exercise Duration 20 minutes.

Drug treatment of hyperventilation syndrome includes receiving light sedation, in more severe cases - antidepressants and tranquilizers.

In the case of accession to the hyperventilation syndrome lung diseases, stomach heart, endocrine disorders treatment measures should be initiated with actions to eliminate concomitant diseases.

Provided competent and most importantly a holistic approach in the treatment of hyperventilation syndrome for two to three months, patients forget about their problem.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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