28 April

Symptoms and treatment of Haemophilus influenzae , vaccination against the disease

Contents:

1. Haemophilus influenzae infection Source

2. symptoms

3. Treatment Haemophilus influenzae

4. Vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae

Haemophilus influenzae, better known as influenza infection, can provoke lesions of the respiratory organs, nervous system and the emergence of pockets of purulent erosions in any organ.This type of disease is characteristic of childhood, and rarely occurs in adults.

source of infection by Haemophilus influenzae

carrier and transmitter of this infection is only a person can perform.Bacteria elect their place of "temporary" housing mucous membranes of the upper respiratory departments.The presence of Haemophilus influenzae is celebrated in almost all people, but it can be either in an active or in a passive stage.As a rule, a person can be a carrier for a few days, or even months.At the same time there is a lack of medicines and the impact of administered antibiotics to the infection itself.In the category of people most exposed to

the disease by children aged 6 to 48 months.Several cases of infection in infants and adults are less common.

Haemophilus influenzae is able to be transmitted by airborne droplets way, and the most active in winter and spring season.

There are several types of complications which arise from the influence of bacteria.Their appearance is completely due to the different age categories of patients.For example, meningitis occurs in the range of 6-9 months and longer characteristic cellulite year-old children.

symptoms

incubation period is not clearly defined time limits and depends entirely on the degree of infection.Sometimes there is the presence of inflammation in the respiratory departments, and sometimes other related diseases.

There are some clinical forms of Hib infections like:

  • meningitis, accompanied by purulent discharge;
  • pneumonia in acute form;
  • blood poisoning;
  • inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue;
  • epiglottitis;
  • arthritis, complicated purulent processes, and so on.

For each characterized by its own signs.

symptoms of acute respiratory infections, which quickly flow into the clinical symptoms, characterized by purulent meningitis.The disease develops rapidly, causes the other clinical forms of the infection and usually ends in death.

Pneumonia in hemophilic stick is patchy or equity in nature, has such "satellite" as a purulent pleurisy, or inflammation of the middle ear.Treatment long, intense and exhausting.

blood poisoning, or sepsis, suggests a rapid and violent course of the disease in people who have a predisposition to them.There comes a septic shock, and rapid death.The presence of secondary signs observed.

presence of inflammation in the subcutaneous tissue can be seen on the status and localization of the infection.Manifestations of Hib stands face, namely cheeks and eye sockets.The skin becomes giperemirovannnoy and becomes cyanotic hue.Common symptoms is poorly marked.In children older than one year can be localized cellulite on the arms or legs.

Epiglotit, or inflammation of the epiglottis, accompanied by a sharp increase in body temperature indicators, general poisoning of the body and a quick death by suffocation.

Treatment Haemophilus influenzae

absence of therapeutic interventions eziotropnogo nature causes high mortality in patients with this diagnosis.Treatment Haemophilus influenzae requires immediate medical attention and constant monitoring by medical personnel.Before 1970, the most effective treatment considered ampicillin injection.But bacterial mutation led to the fact that they have become extremely stable and nonreactive to the drug.In the treatment of Haemophilus influenzae is recommended to resort to preparations containing cephalosporin levometsitin and ampicillin.Constant modification and prisposablivamost infection to antimicrobial drugs reduces their performance.Recent developments in this area could provide those in need a new generation of drugs that can affect the actual virus dies.Now Treatment Haemophilus influenzae has become more productive.

Vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae

as disinfecting preparation that is prescribed and potential carriers of infection confirmed, serves Rifampicin.

his results in the prevention of the disease brings and vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae, which was first developed and studied in Finland in 1974.The effectiveness of the vaccine of capsular polysaccharide type has been proved by numerous observations of the children, whom she has been made in its infancy.Vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae gives almost 100% guarantee of protection for 4 years of infection.Many countries continue to conduct research in this field, trying to get a unique drug that can completely suppress the development of infections and to prevent its occurrence.A number of countries in the world to be vaccinated against Haemophilus influenzae compulsory and free.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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