1. Groups hemorrhagic diathesis
3. types of bleeding in hemorrhagic diathesis
5. prevention of hemorrhagicdiathesis
Under this definition refers to a group of diseases that are similar in basic clinical symptoms, is to re-hemorrhages and bleeding, which can occur spontaneously or as a result of minor injuries.Equally common hemorrhagic diathesis in children and adults.
In medicine, the disease is divided into three main groups, depending on the cause of its occurrence and development mechanism.
The first group includes thrombocytopathy and thrombocytopenia - disorders associated with platelet deficiency in quantitative and qualitative terms.
Thrombocytopenia may have both hereditary and acquired character.The cause of this disease is often increased platelet destruction or consumption, but also to this state may result in their lack of education.
thrombocytopathy develops in the presence of platelet dysfunc
second group consists of diseases associated with impaired blood coagulation (disaggregation thrombocytopathy).They can be caused by infectious diseases, various injuries, diseases of the blood and internal organs, kidney and liver failure, or the influence of drugs.
The third group of bleeding diathesis include diseases associated with damage to the capillaries and vessels.The reason for their development may be an allergic reaction, infectious diseases, violation of the proper functioning of the endocrine system or intoxication.
most common form of hemorrhagic diathesis is thrombocytopathy.
The variety of clinical manifestations of hemorrhagic diathesis incredible.The reason for concern in the first place becomes excessive bleeding as a result of mechanical effects (scratches) or spontaneous (bleeding gums, nose).
thrombocytopathy in children can manifest itself in the first years of their life, is increased bleeding gums when teething or frequent nosebleeds that are hard to stop.In addition, the presence of hemorrhagic diathesis in a child are easily formed bruises on the skin, even the slightest exposure to traumatic.
addition thrombocytopathy in children is characterized by hemorrhagic rash all over the body.Symptomatic disaggregation thrombocytopathy puberty in girls is menorrhagia (excess of physiological limits blood loss during menstruation).
When disaggregation thrombocytopathy in children may be cases bleeding into the joint cavity.In the future, it affects the normal functioning of their (persistent restriction of mobility).
hemorrhagic diathesis can manifest itself by bleeding in the kidney tissue or mucous membranes of internal organs, and the state of the patient complains of persistent pain in the abdomen.
most dangerous manifestation of hemorrhagic diathesis considered intracranial hemorrhage, which can cause stroke or paralysis, and hemorrhages in the retina, which leads to disruption of the visual analyzer.
1. Capillary bleeding may appear as tiny red dots, and "oozing" bleeding (uterine, nasal, gastric and intestinal).This type is characteristic of disaggregation thrombocytopathy or hereditary.
2. Gematomnaya bleeding manifests the formation of subcutaneous hematoma, or internal bleeding (in the joints, in the mucous membrane of the internal organs), is most common in hemophilia.
3. Mixed bleeding type combines the features of the first two types, so it may appear as bruises and small spotty rash on the skin.
4. Purple type of bleeding is manifested in the form of a symmetric nature melkopyatnistoy rash on the lower extremities.Over time, this rash can spread up to the hips and buttocks.
5. Mikroangiomatoznaya bleeding, a symptom of hereditary diseases of small blood vessels and appears as a recurring capillary bleeding.
At present there is no single treatment regimen of hemorrhagic diathesis in children or adults.This is due to the variety of its causes and forms of the course.
In hereditary nature of this disease specialists prescribe introduction of antihemophilic plasma, platelets, cryoprecipitate, or whole blood.
acquired hemorrhagic diathesis Treatment is aimed at suppressing the immune system, which is carried out with the help of corticosteroids and immunosuppressants.When diagnosing hemarthrosis (bleeding into the joint cavity) is performed piercing procedure.
In the case thrombocytopathy cause allergic reactions or intoxication body as a therapy administered sorbents (Enterosgel), which allow not only to withdraw from the intestines of toxic components, but also to restore the permeability of the epithelium.
Sorbents help in the case when the disease is caused by taking drugs.
To prevent relapses and recurrences of the disease are advised to avoid exposure to cold, strenuous exercise, and certain preventive vaccination.
It should also be possible to eliminate exposure to allergens and medicines, especially antibiotics.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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