1. reasons for hematuria
2. false alarm
3. Treatment of hematuria
hematuria - the medical term is formed from two Greek words: αἷμα- "blood" and οὖρον - «urine."This term denotes the presence of blood in urine in excess of the physiological norm, namely the erythrocyte component.Hematuria is not considered a distinct disease and, at the same time is one of the most common urinary symptoms, which may indicate a loss of kidney, urinary tract, prostate tumor, blood clotting, and many other diseases.
The first and most obvious sign of hematuria - the change in urine color.Urine darkens, becomes brown, the color becomes "tea" or "coffee."In each of these cases is to consult a doctor.To determine the cause of hematuria is necessary to determine exactly when the blood is allocated and what symptoms accompany it.If
blood in the urine appears at the beginning of urination, this indicates a primary lesion urethra.If the blood is released at the end of urina
and if blood is present in the beginning and in the middle and at the end of voiding, hematuria may cause kidney disease, bladder and ureter.In total hematuria blood in the urine may occur from any place of the urinary tract.
following diagnostic feature - it's a pain when urinating.If it is present, it is most likely, we are talking about inflammation of the bladder or the formation of stones in it.If it felt pain, the cause of hematuria may be renal failure - stones, infection, tumor.Abundant bleeding with frequent urination, accompanied by a burning sensation and pain in the bladder may indicate cystitis.If no pain when urinating, a middle-aged patients this may indicate bladder cancer, and men with impaired flow of urine may be due to prostate disease.
If blood appears in the urine in the form of a worm-like clot is likely to affect bleeding kidney or pelvis.Large and shapeless clots may indicate bleeding in the bladder.In microscopic hematuria, urine color can not be changed and determine the presence of red blood cells is possible only by means of test strips and research samples under a microscope.This phenomenon is possible for recurrent bladder cancer.Therefore, to control the disease, patients who have had bladder cancer, from time to time pass cytology.
urine color change is not always said that the red blood cells present in urine.Sometimes mistaken for hematuria urine pollution of menstrual blood.Even beetroot and food colorings may discolor urine.In some cases, cause darkening of the urine drugs, for example, tuberculosis, and in other situations a positive result in tests for the presence of haematuria gives hemoglobin in urine.Therefore, before sounding the alarm, you need to soberly assess the situation.In any case, the most reliable results will urine under a microscope.
Since the occurrence of bleeding is not an independent disease, and the treatment of hematuria is held in conjunction with the therapy of the disease which caused it.Therefore, the appearance of blood in the urine urologist carries out a differential diagnosis, pelvic ultrasound, kidney biopsy and other procedures to determine the cause of the disease.
the treatment of hematuria conduct relief of bleeding via Dicynonum drugs Vikasol, aminocaproic acid.If the blood loss exceeds 500 ml, infusion therapy can be assigned.
If the cause of bleeding steel stones in the urethra and ureters, hematuria treatment is carried out in conjunction with the thermal treatments and antispasmodics, which facilitate the passage of stones.If you bring a stone so that it is impossible, held cystoscopy or surgery to extract stones.
Treatment of hematuria due to kidney injury requires urgent surgical treatment.Chronic hematuria requires the appointment of iron and B vitamins
Treatment of hematuria in children should take into account hereditary factors.But most of all the blood in the urine in infants is associated with birth defects.In order to eliminate defects and hereditary diseases, carried out preventive examinations, including urine analysis.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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