1. Symptoms helminthiasis
2. Diagnostics helminthisms
In this disease there is a human body defeat helminths (parasitic worms).
There are three main classes of worms: the round, tapeworms and flukes.The most common worm infestations occur in rural areas.
human helminthiasis defeat can happen in the following ways:
- through animals (biogelmintozy);
- from an infected person (contagious helminth infections).
addition is not uncommon people defeat worms, some of which occur in the soil (geohelminthiasis).
degree of manifestation in human helminthiasis depends on the number of helminth parasites in the body.The most striking symptoms are observed when exposed to the body and developing larval worms.This is due to the fact that the larvae are able to move around the internal organs and lead to painful changes.
favorite habitat of worms is the gastrointestinal tract, it is noted that the roundworm often live in the initial sections of the small intestine, an
The man helminthiasis in most cases proceeds in two stages: acute (from a few weeks to several months) and chronic (several months to several years).
Symptoms helminthiasis acute stage begin to appear immediately after the introduction of the parasite into the body.In the first place the body responds to foreign antigens various allergic manifestations.
most diverse helminthiasis are symptoms in the chronic stage.There have been violations of the internal organs and systems.It depends on the localization of worms and their quantity.Consumption of the parasite necessary for the existence of the substances leads to a breach of digestion, absorption of vitamins and other necessary for normal metabolism (proteins, fats, minerals, carbohydrates).
In addition, under the influence of metabolic products of the parasite occurs inhibition of the normal intestinal microflora.
helminthiasis Symptoms usually begin to appear 2-3 days.With skin rashes appear, there is swelling of the lymph nodes.In addition, increases in the size of the liver and spleen, which is usually accompanied by painful sensations in muscles and joints.
In the case of the human body liver fluke parasite, added to the symptoms of helminthiasis fever and jaundice.
the presence in the body of single copies of helminth disease is not particularly pronounced symptoms, the exception in this case are large specimens of Ascaris and tapeworm wide.
massive human helminthiasis infection manifested by nausea, abdominal pain, violation of the chair, while noting itching in the anus, which is amplified in the evening and at night.
The disease has many different manifestations.Therefore, the diagnosis of helminthiasis emphasis on careful patient survey, in which it is possible to identify the cause of infection.
Further studies conducted feces, blood, content 12 duodenal ulcer, muscle tissue and mucus from the lungs.Typically, this procedure allows to reveal themselves of parasites or eggs laid by them.
Blood test conducted in the diagnosis of helminthiasis may be as simple as, in the course of which revealed an increased number of eosinophils, as well as more complex (immunological research) at which detected antibodies to certain types of parasites.
addition helminthiasis diagnosis may include X-ray / ultrasound / endoscopy and computed tomography.
If you suspect trichinosis specialists perform a biopsy of muscular tissue.
Treatment The basis of treatment of helminthiasis is receiving anthelmintic drugs that are presently quite varied.
the treatment of helminthiasis, which became the cause of the roundworm, the most commonly used drugs such as Karbendatsim, pyrantel, mebendazole and Albendazole.If the disease was caused by tapeworms is used for the treatment of praziquantel.
Quite often for the treatment of helminthiasis appointed single dose of a particular drug.In some cases, it is recommended to consolidate the results of its re-admission after a few days.
as aids used allergy medications, such Diazolin or Suprastin, and to restore normal intestinal microflora Linex appointed and Bifidumbacterin.
In some cases, treatment is required of all members of the family.Special attention is paid to personal hygiene, compliance with which is to avoid re-infection.
To helminthiasis treatment was effective, the selection of drugs should be carried out taking into account all the individual characteristics of the patient and the violations that were caused by helminth parasitism.
There are folk remedies treatment of helminthiasis.For these purposes, the most commonly used decoctions of herbs which possess anthelmintic and laxative action.
anthelmintic action has carrots and derived from the juice, pomegranate, mint, walnut.
In some recipes of traditional medicine meets garlic, which is recommended to be used not only in food, but also to do an enema with its use.
Folk remedies are not recommended to use for the primary treatment and as an adjunct to it, or as a preventive measure.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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