12 August

Gastritis : Causes, symptoms, treatment , special diet

Contents:

1. Causes

2. Classification of Diseases

3. main symptoms of gastritis

4. treatment of gastritis

Gastritis - is widespreadgastrointestinal disease, which is inflammation of the gastric mucosa.The main cause of this disease is considered a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori.Today distinguish acute and chronic gastritis.As for treatment, it is a very delicate process, which consists of drug therapy, strengthening the immune system, as well as from the diet.Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach can not be ignored, as this disease (in the absence of adequate treatment) can lead to peptic ulcer or gastric cancer.

Causes

and chronic and acute gastritis seen the destruction of the gastric mucosa layer.The inflammatory process in the human body always develops on the background of damaging factors on the healthy tissues.In the case of gastritis, it can be a variety of chemicals, low or high temperatures, infection.

The primary cause of this disease is an infec

tion of the stomach inner wall of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.In addition, acute gastritis may develop as a result of burning the mucous layer of the stomach acids or alcohols (this is most often seen in people who abuse alcohol).Yet this disease can occur if you accidentally ingested substances that attack living tissues (alkali, acid, vinegar and so on.).Taking certain medications (anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics) is also very often causes gastritis.

At the present time one of the main instigators of gastritis (often chronic) is considered to be the wrong diet:

  • Food "in suhomyatku" poorly chewed food or hasty eating mechanically traumatize mucosa.
  • Spicy food (much salty and spicy) irritate the stomach as well as corrosive chemicals.
  • too cold or too hot food, due to thermal damage to the mucous layer of the stomach, also cause gastritis.

Today there is such a thing as autoimmune gastritis, which develops against the backdrop of increased aggressiveness of immunity with respect to the inner wall of the stomach.In the development of the disease play a major role prior episodes of irritation of the mucous layer of the stomach, and hereditary factors.

Classification of Diseases

Adrift gastritis disease may be acute or chronic.

Acute gastritis, usually develops very quickly, and is the result of a massive infection by various bacteria and chemicals reception.

acute form of the disease is divided into several types:

  • catarrhal (simple) gastritis occurs most often due to the use of stale food that is contaminated with pathogenic microbes.Treatment of this type of gastritis, as well as the termination of the irritants quickly restore the mucous layer of the stomach.
  • Erosive type of disease develops as a result of ingestion of concentrated acids or alkalis.
  • Phlegmonous gastritis - a purulent inflammation of the stomach lining.This type of disease develops on the background of falling into the wall of the stomach of a foreign object.In this case, to align gastritis symptoms intolerable pain in the epigastric region and a high body temperature.
  • Fibrinous type of disease is very rare, as it develops in the blood poisoning (sepsis).

With proper and adequate treatment, gastritis acute form lasts less than a week, although complete healing of the stomach occurs much later.

Very often acute gastritis becomes chronic.This contributes to substandard treatment, frequent relapses, prolonged exposure to irritants in the mucous layer of the stomach, and so on.Chronic gastritis may also provoke:

  • Casting bile in the stomach from the duodenum.
  • action of immune cells against the gastric mucosa.
  • defeat of the inner layer of the stomach Helicobacter pylori.

Long time no chronic gastritis symptoms not manifest itself.In the development of this disease is usually marked periods of remission and exacerbation.

main symptoms of gastritis

All the signs and symptoms of this disease depend on its shape.Acute gastritis is characterized by the following features:

  • Heartburn that occurs immediately after a meal.
  • periodic or constant nausea that occurs after a meal.
  • paroxysmal or persistent pain in the abdomen, which immediately causes the patient to resort to the treatment of gastritis.
  • Belching, with its sour smell.
  • chair Violation (diarrhea or constipation).
  • Increased salivation or dry mouth.
  • Repeated vomiting.
  • Even the symptoms of gastritis acute form can join a violation on the part of the whole organism (headache, severe weakness, hanging body temperature, tachycardia, decreased blood pressure, and so on.).

The symptoms of the chronic form of gastritis include:

  • unpleasant taste in the mouth.
  • Decreased appetite.
  • constipation or diarrhea.
  • Belching putrid odor.
  • Nausea after eating.
  • Flatulence and rumbling in the abdomen.
  • Dull pain in the stomach after a meal (10-15 minutes).
  • feeling of heaviness and discomfort in the stomach after eating.
  • Also, the symptoms of gastritis chronic nature can join dryness and brittle hair, anemia, nail separation, irritability, severe weakness, lethargy, weight loss, and so on.

treatment of gastritis

Drug treatment of gastritis, is usually carried out in a complex, in parallel with the elimination of the factors that triggered the disease, as well as with the diet.

in combat by Helicobacter pylori using tools that reduce the level of acidity of gastric juice, and antibiotics.In order to eliminate the above-mentioned bacteria use the following combinations of antimicrobials: amoxicillin + clarithromycin;+ metronidazole, clarithromycin, and others.antibiotic treatment course is 7-14 days.

To reduce the acidity of gastric juice using ranitidine or omeprazole.These tools help reduce the pain, protect the cells of the mucous layer of the stomach and increase the effectiveness of other medications.

Diet for gastritis and plays a very important role in the treatment of this disease.During acute gastritis or exacerbation of chronic doctors recommend a strict diet.Diet for gastritis in remission can be slightly extended.

For any type of ailment categorically ruled out smoking, alcohol, spicy, oily and fried food.It is necessary to remember that the diet for gastritis always depends on the flow and form of the disease, if the disease occurs with atrophy of the inner lining of the stomach, the food should be directed to the stimulation function preserved glands;if the patient suffers from high acidity of the stomach, it must be urgently reduced.

So, as you can see in the diet for gastritis and there are some nuances to which each patient shall be treated with the maximum care and responsibility.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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