26 April

The symptoms and the causative agent of gas gangrene , treatment of the disease

Contents:

1. causative agent of gas gangrene

2. Symptoms of gas gangrene

3. Treatment of gas gangrene

Gas gangrene is an anaerobic infection, the development ofwhich occurs as a result and caused many serious injuries.It becomes a frequent companion of bullet wounds, open wounds or severe injuries, fractures or chunking body parts, internal organs and other discontinuities serious injuries.Spreading gangrene depends on the globality of damage covers and fabrics.

causative agent of gas gangrene

as the causative agent of gas gangrene are the anaerobic bacteria type.Their habitats, as well as the main source of power, act dead tissue, which inevitably occur in wounds.The process of reproduction is accompanied by evolution of gas and odor.It was he who serves the most important sign of a developing infection and can cause poisoning of other organs and body systems.Recognize the presence of pathogens of gas gangrene can be at the beginning of the process of tissue destruction.Often,

however, and cases where the disease is "harbor" for some time.These factors determine the urgency of the surgery, which neglect often leads to death.

Symptoms of gas gangrene

At the moment, there are four kinds of forms of occurrence of the disease, namely:

1.Klassicheskaya.It is inherent in the presence of the swelling of tissue at the site of damage and subsequent necrosis, which is accompanied by a high quantity of gas.The skin surrounding the wound, becoming pallid color appears at pressing ichor and vials of poison gas.Just a few hours tissue die completely and start to allocate cadaveric stench.Characteristically the absence of purulent discharge.

2.Otechno-toxic.In the area of ​​the wound edema occurs, which quickly "captures" the healthy tissue.The result is a fast muscle necrosis.There is almost a complete lack of gas and pus.

3.Flegmoznaya.It has weakly manifested symptoms and has a small range of the damaged areas, but the process is accompanied by copious purulent discharge and flatulence.

4.Gnilostnaya.It appears as a result of "cooperation" anaerobic and putrefactive bacteria.Gas gangrene symptoms, in this case, acts as an extremely rapid loss of tissue, pus and enormous amount of gas, the occurrence of bleeding erosive origin.The main site of occurrence of this type of infection is the rectum and the mediastinum.

The most common symptoms of gas gangrene is considered to be:

  • drop in arterial pressure;
  • depressed or hyperarousal state;
  • disruptions in heart rhythm;
  • sharp increase in temperature to the level of 38-39 degrees;
  • debilitating lack of sleep;
  • shortage of water in the body;
  • rapid and shallow breathing;
  • anemia, which develops at a frantic pace.

Gas gangrene requires immediate medical attention, as this disease is characterized by a high degree of mortality.Usually, death occurs within a few days, but noted the presence of "instantaneous" gangrene, when death occurs within a couple of hours after infection.

Treatment of gas gangrene

Watching a person minimal signs of the disease or in case of doubt should immediately contact the clinic, where they will hold an urgent examination and dissection of the affected tissues.Produced cutting off the dead skin or organs.It is necessary to ensure proper drainage of the wound, which will display the accumulated pus.Treatment gas gangrene of extremities usually reduced to feet or hands amputation.The patient is then placed in a special pressure chamber where high pressure is applied to it.

Medical treatment for gas gangrene is to introduce products containing albumin, plasma electrolyte.The development of the disease at the stage of the emergence of anemia requires urgent blood transfusions and frequent injections of antibiotics.There is also a pretty effective use protivogangrenoznyh sera.

Availability diagnosis of "gas gangrene" requires the complete isolation of the patient and the organization behind it vigilant health monitoring.Need scrupulous sterilization of the laundry, which is carried by air or steam in the way of special devices.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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