1. dislocation of joints
2. Dislocated shoulder
3. Hip dislocation
4. First Aid
Dislocation - a persistent and completedisplacement of the articular surfaces of bones, in which the contact is broken at the point of articulation.
According to statistics from the joints of the upper extremities are affected by dislocations in 7-8 times more often than the lower limb joints.
There are different reasons for dislocations.The most common are injuries in which there is a rupture of ligaments and joint capsules.This may be the result of a sharp contraction of the muscles, fall, focusing on a bent or straightened limb.
There congenital dislocation of developing anomalies of bones and joints.
In addition, the cause of dislocation can be diseases of the joints, which involve the destruction or deformation of the articular surfaces of bones that articulate.Such diseases include osteomyelitis (inflammation of bone and bone marrow), cancer, tuberculosis.
Early termination of joi
The following discussion focuses on the different types of dislocation (joints, shoulder, hip), the main symptoms of dislocation.The article also provides a brief guide to first aid at the dislocation.
dislocation of the joints called the displacement of articular ends of bones in which the damaged ligament-capsular joint unit, and broken limb function.As a result of the simultaneous displacement of the joint parts is a violation of the articular structure, but its integrity is preserved.This dislocation of the joints occurs simultaneously with damage to their soft tissue.It may be damaged joint capsule, vessels with ligaments, tendons surrounding muscles.As a result, dislocation of joints occur when severe dysfunction of the affected joint and the entire limb.
distinguish habitual dislocation, traumatic, congenital and pathological.For the usual development characterized by frequent dislocations of joints, even with minor injuries.
Traumatic dislocation of the joint may be closed or open.When open in the joint there is a wound.
main symptoms of dislocated joints are swelling and pain in the joint, a violation of its operation, configuration, impossibility of passive and active movements in it.
most often occur sprains knee joint, as well as the hip and shoulder joint.
- a persistent shift of the mating surfaces of the shoulder bone of the head and the glenoid cavity of the blade.Typically, the displacement of the shoulder joint is the result of a pathological process or physical violence.
dislocated shoulder are acquired or congenital.Acquired in turn are divided into nontraumatic (arbitrary or pathological chronic) and traumatic.
The share of traumatic shoulder dislocation accounts for about 60% of all dislocations.There are the following forms of traumatic dislocation of the shoulder joint:
main symptoms of shoulder dislocation - pain and the impossibility of functioning of the shoulder joint after injury.
The joint has a deformed appearance.The patient tries his good hand to fix the position deviation and anterior retraction of the affected arm.You can highlight common symptoms of shoulder dislocation:
Diagnostics shoulder dislocation involves a physical examination of the patient, gathering data on the nature of the injury, an x-ray.In some cases, the patient is further administered MRIs and CT scans.
After the diagnosis and analysis of the major symptoms of dislocation doctor relieve your joint and reduce a him.Then, a control X-ray to assess the quality of reposition.To reduce pain after reduction prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, Ortofen, Paracetamol).For three days on his shoulder establishing cold compresses.
after reduction procedures during the first days the patient is prescribed exercise therapy as the most effective method of rehabilitation.
In the case of habitual dislocation of the shoulder is often the only treatment is surgery.
cause of hip dislocation is an indirect injury.In this case, the femur behaves as a lever which acts on the hip joint.With intensive joint capsule ruptures of the femoral head.Damaging ligaments, head coming out of the glenoid cavity.
Hip dislocation can be front or rear.
Anterior dislocation of the hip is a result of falling from a height in the bent and abstracted rotated outward leg.Rear often arises in road trauma.It occurs as a result of bending or rotation reduced and bent, feet turned inward.
main symptom of hip dislocation is a sharp pain, which is celebrated in the hip.Thus there is a visible shortening of the affected limb, hip deformity characteristic of forced position of the injured extremity.Active Movement in hip impossible.Passive movements are severely limited, painful, accompanied by resilient resistance.
Symptomatic anterior dislocation type is that the injured limb is bent at the knee and hip joints, assigned to the side, rolled outwards.When the back knee dislocation of the foot is turned inward, bent, is shown.
In some cases, the dislocation of the hip can be injury of the sciatic nerve, squeezing the femoral vessels, damage to the obturator nerve.
Treatment of these pathologies is the immediate reduction and joint locks.Then the patients received physiotherapy and special physiotherapy.
great importance for the future of the joint recovery operation is properly rendered first aid for dislocation.
main objective of first aid in dislocation - the total immobilization of the affected joint, without changing his position.
can not attempt to straighten a dislocated.It can only make a specialist.
After immobilization of the joint affected give pain medication to the joint adjusts the cold.Then wait for arrival of an ambulance.
If you can not seek medical help, the victim makes a tire dressing, and transported to the nearest medical facility.
First aid for hip dislocation is that the injured limb to a healthy pribintovuyut, without changing its position.The victim is transported to a hard surface in the supine position.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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