26 April

Ingrown nails - causes, treatment , surgery to remove

Contents:

1. Symptoms

2. Ingrown nail - treatment

3. Complications

Ingrown nail - a pathology of the nail plate and the surrounding tissues, whichformed because of growing outer or inner edge of the nail plate (preferably external) in okolonogtevoy roller.In medical terminology, the disease is known as ingrown nail.

most frequent - is an ingrown nail on the leg, which struck at the first toe.Most often, the nail plate grows in the skin on the one hand, at least - two sides.Ingrown nail on the leg may be due to the following factors:

- wearing tight, uncomfortable shoes, in which constantly cuts into the nail cuticles and injures him;

- improper nail clipping, which causes its deformation (when the side edges of the nail plate are cut too deeply);

- fungal nail infections, which occur during the deformation and thickening of the nail plate to facilitate their ingrowth;

- various injuries nails;

- flat.

In addition, according to experts, the cause of an ingrown toenail in many

cases is also a genetic predisposition.

Symptoms Ingrown nail plate is accompanied by persistent pain in the area of ​​the nail shaft, which increases when wearing shoes and walking, marked redness, swelling of the skin around the nail.Generally, these symptoms are recurrent.However, if you leave them unattended, ingrown toenail can lead to very serious complications, such as infection with the subsequent appearance of a purulent inflammation of the bone tissue of the phalanx.

When the ingrown nail symptoms should immediately consult a surgeon.

Ingrown nail - treatment

Conservative treatment of ingrown nail is possible only at the initial stage of the disease, for which there is no pronounced inflammation.The first step is to eliminate the wearing of tight shoes, walk barefoot as often as possible, and stop briefly to cut the nail.

for softening the skin and finger nail plate should be twice a day to do warm baths with a solution of baking soda and potassium permanganate, or with the addition of salt.This will also reduce the degree of inflammation.To correct the deformation of the nail plate and the plate using special brackets which lift the edge of the nail, thereby helping to reduce the pain and pressure on the cuticles.

If the reason (or one of the causes) disease is a fungal infection, treatment of ingrown nail is accompanied by appropriate therapy, as the consequences of this disease is senseless to treat, without addressing its root cause.In cases where the disease is accompanied by inflammation, the doctor may prescribe a common blood test - this will help him to assess the degree of severity of inflammation.In particularly severe cases may also require X-rays of the foot, which will show whether bone inflammation passed.

Surgical treatment of ingrown nail is necessary in which developed stage of the disease, when there is purulent process and pathologic granulation - tissue growth in the damaged area of ​​the nail shaft, which have a characteristic color of raw meat.In step ingrown nail may be completely or partially removed.

removal of ingrown nail or part of it is the easiest way of surgical intervention.But you can not say that this is the most efficient operation - ingrown nail after it may eventually reappear as cuticles is increased, respectively, to grow the nail plate will inevitably hurt him.

For this reason, removal of ingrown nail at the same time make the plastic nail fold: part of the skin on the lateral surface of the finger is removed, the wound sutured and formed, which leads to a reversing of the nail fold.As confirmed by reviews, ingrown nail treated much more effectively by using this technique.After this operation, the ingrown nail re-formed rare, as the nail plate is no longer in contact with periungual roller.

In addition, as indicated by numerous testimonials, ingrown nail effectively removed with laser correction.When such operations ingrown nail, the edge of his growing zone, foci of infection and abnormal tissue growths are exposed to high temperature, laser, and thus there is an effective removal of ingrown nail or ingrown part of the nail and all related pathologies.

Complications

According to reviews, the ingrown nail often leads to serious complications in chronic diseases, as well as the presence of diabetes and atherosclerosis obliterans of the lower extremities.These diseases result in impaired blood supply to the soft tissues of the fingers and lower their natural ability to regenerate, which greatly increases the risk of rapid development of infection.

Among the complications caused by ingrown nail plate, are toe abscess (inflammation of the soft tissues of the finger, accompanied by purulent discharge), lymphadenitis and lymphangitis (spread through the lymphatic vessels of infection, leading to their inflammation).

most serious complications can become gangrenous toe (necrosis of soft tissue, which is irreversible and in most cases leads to amputation of the nail phalanx or all of the finger) and osteomyelitis nail phalanx (the spread of purulent inflammation in the bones of the fingers, which may also require amputation).

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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