Chickenpox in adults and children - symptoms, treatment


1. General characteristics of the disease

2. Symptoms of chickenpox

3. Treatment of chickenpox in adults and children

4. Prevention

Chickenpox(in medical theory - chicken pox) - mostly children viral infectious disease that causes the so-called "flying" herpes varicella-zoster.

General characteristics

disease Under the "volatility" of the virus varicella-zoster meant it highly contagious.Infection occurs from a sick person by airborne droplets, but not necessarily closely communicate with the patient, just enough, for example, to live with him in a stairwell.High contagious due to the fact that most often affects children with chickenpox, because to live to adulthood and have never "meet" with the virus of chickenpox is almost impossible.According to statistics, chickenpox in children often occurs before the age of 10 - 12 years.

But, of course, adults are not immune to this disease.Rarely, but it happens that a person is not a child had chickenpox, and faced with t

he herpes virus as an adult.Unlike chickenpox "child" Chickenpox in adults is much greater.

Theoretically, chickenpox can get sick once in a lifetime, but in practice there are cases of re-infection, which usually takes place easily and without complications.

Symptoms of chickenpox

incubation period for chickenpox in adults is 2 - 3 weeks, that is all the time a person is a carrier of the herpes virus but no symptoms of chickenpox does not bother him.Of course, people do not even realize its infectiousness, however, for 2 - 3 days before the end of the incubation period of chickenpox already can infect others.

incubation period for chickenpox in children lasts 10 - 15 days, and then begins to manifest itself first classic symptom of chickenpox - an itchy rash that first day looks like pink spots, and then converted into vials with liquid watery filling inside and a red rim around.

rash appears first on the face, scalp, and then on the chest, stomach, shoulders, and then gets to the mucous membranes of the eyelids, mouth, respiratory tract.Eruptions on the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and provoke just such a symptom of chickenpox as a cough.

for three - four days there are new bubbles in the meantime the "old" dry up, they formed a crust, which eventually disappears.In place of the bubble is a darkening of the skin, it is with time (from several days to several weeks) disappears.But under intense combing and, especially, in the case of infection in the rash location can scar the skin changes.

number of bubbles varies from 10 (in the mild form of chickenpox) to 1500 (in the case of severe illness), but on average they number 250.

As for chickenpox in adults, the rash - it is rather a classic symptom of the second because the firstthan manifests itself "mature" form of the disease - fever (up to 38 - 40 C).In children, the temperature rises simultaneously with the appearance of the rash.

Besides classic symptoms of chickenpox often present common to all manifestations of viral diseases, such as headache, fatigue, nausea, decreased appetite.

Treatment of chickenpox in adults and children

Nowadays, there are effective treatments for antiherpethetical chickenpox, among them the most popular international drug called acyclovir.Due to the fact that in childhood disease usually is mild, doctors are not prescribing practices antiherpetic drugs for the treatment of chickenpox in children.Acyclovir or its analogues is necessary: ​​

  • in pregnant women (especially the first 4 - 6 months of pregnancy);
  • children newborn infants herpes virus is transmitted from mother;
  • in adolescents and adults, due to severe illness;
  • in childhood, only if the long-term persistent and pronounced symptoms of chickenpox.

Treatment of chickenpox in children is more symptomatic, that is used to reduce the symptoms of the disease.Conditions to ensure that a child with a view to the symptomatic treatment of chickenpox following:

1. Drinking plenty of fluids.

2. Preferably, the liquid food.

3. The cool air in the room.

4. Warm, but not hot clothes.

5. Cool bathrooms (possible with the addition of soda).

6. mittens on his hands (a necessary condition for chickenpox in children, which will warn combing bubbles).

7. Admission antipyretics (based on paracetamol or ibuprofen).Remember, aspirin is absolutely contraindicated chickenpox, especially chickenpox in children.

Reception cool bath it is certainly not a prerequisite for the treatment of chickenpox in adults and children.But if the itching is pronounced, then the cool bath at the time of his lift.In addition, in order to eliminate itching, perhaps the most unpleasant symptoms of chickenpox, apply local antihistamines and / or antihistamines inside.

Treatment of chickenpox in adults and children does not differ much.The only difference is the need for adults antiherpetic drugs.

No need to grease spotted bubbles green paint, it does not perform any medical action.Zelenka can be used except as a kind of indicator that shows the presence (or absence) of new lesions with each new day.And this in turn will give the answer to the questions many parents about the terms child transmissibility.

As a rule, a child contagious for 7 - 8 days after the first eruption, but rather to the time when all the bubbles covered with crusts.This period comprises about three days, during which new bubbles are formed and about five days, during which bubbles covered crusts.

After 5 days, after all the bubbles were covered with a crust, a person can go to crowded places.But it is important to remember that chickenpox strongly suppresses the immune system, so that even after recovery requires a certain period (2 - 3 weeks) for recovery of immune forces of the body.


Due to the high degree of infectiousness of prevention as such does not exist.On the contrary, some parents are practicing a special infection kid by his contact with the sick child.

To avoid infection, you can, of course, avoid contact with the sick for 21 days, but it is not foolproof, because as you know, a person is contagious even in the last days of the incubation period of chickenpox.

Perhaps the only effective preventive step is vaccination.Vaccination against chickenpox is practiced in many countries.In part because, despite the fact that the chicken pox disease is mild, in rare cases, it still provokes complications, including: festering skin, pneumonia, varicella encephalitis (brain damage), and others.

In our country, not a compulsory vaccination against varicella.Vaccination can be done voluntarily, of her need for a child it is worth considering the parents who in childhood chickenpox carry heavy.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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