Vegetative vascular dystonia - Types, Symptoms, Treatment


1. risk group

2. types IRR

3. Causes

4. symptoms VSD

5. Treatment IRR

dystonia is a failure of the autonomic nervous system.The disease is also referred to as vegetative-vascular dysfunction (abbreviated IRR) or cardiopsychoneurosis.As a result of the disease being violated two important functions of the body:

  • mobilization of core systems to adapt to changing environmental conditions (stress, work, weather or climate change);
  • preservation of the immutability of the internal environment (respiratory rate and heart rate, metabolic rate, sweating, body temperature, pressure).

risk group

According to statistics, women suffer VSD often than men.However, in recent years, the representatives of the stronger sex there is strong growth of disease.

The risk group includes:

1. People who are not active enough or overly excitable nervous system.Usually this person apathetic and closed, focused on their own problems, or vice versa, very emotional and unable to always

control himself.

2. Genetically predisposed individuals, grandparents or parents suffering from the IRR.

3. People living in unfavorable socio-economic conditions, as well as subject to stress in the family or at work.This may be a lack of proper rest, a busy schedule, regular conflicts with family or staff.

types IRR

Depending on what type of reaction gives the cardiovascular system, conditionally distinguish three types of VSD:

1. Cardiac IRR type, characterized by a lack of air, the failure rate of heart contractions.Most often it is a sinus arrhythmia, tachycardia, supraventricular arrhythmias.

2. VSD on hypertonic type.This increased blood pressure when the upper component 140 mm Hg.Art., quickly coming back to normal.A patient diagnosed with VSD on hypertonic type may experience headaches, fatigue and palpitations.

3. VSD on hypotonic type.Here, the blood pressure will be lower than the norm, in contrast to the VSD on hypertonic type.In this case, the skin turns pale, there is muscle weakness.

Usually found VSD on the mixed type: cardiac-shpertenzivnoe, cardiac, hypotensive, and others.If your doctor has diagnosed VSD on the mixed type, the patient experiences:

  • blood pressure instability;
  • pain in the heart;
  • slowing or heart palpitations;
  • dizziness and headaches;
  • psychological imbalance.


The main reasons for vegetative vascular dystonia include:

  • chronic or acute stress, fatigue;
  • severe respiratory tract infections;
  • hormonal changes the body;
  • brain injury;
  • chronic tobacco and alcohol intoxication.

most often provoking factors are experience, ie,nervous disorders.People with this diagnosis complain that costs them nervous, they have there and then starts to hurt the heart, stomach or head.Therefore, vegetative vascular dystonia called the "disease of the nerves."

symptoms VSD

The earliest symptoms of VSD usually occur at a young age.Manifestations of the disease are extremely diverse and always highly individual.Find two patients, identical describing his illness, is extremely difficult.Regarding universal considered just some of the symptoms of VSD:

  • condition of the person improves when he is distracted by urgent business, especially if it is a welcome and pleasant;
  • people suffering from vegetative vascular dystonia, tend to be sensitive to a change in the weather and magnetic storms, can not tolerate extreme cold, heat and stuffiness;
  • deterioration is accompanied by a growing sense of anxiety, fear of being alone, panic, fear of death.

subjective sensations of patients are often very bright and strong, it causes them to suspect at the presence of severe and incurable disease.In fact, dystonia - fully reversible benign disease.

Treatment IRR

Therapy usually takes a few months, is based on the following points:

1. Medication IRR - reception Wegetotropona, nootropic, vascular and psychotropic drugs.This can be antidepressants or anxiolytics, sedatives.To prevent habituation potent drugs administered for a short period, and then replace it with other drugs.

2. Psychotherapy, acupuncture, phototherapy, massage, physical therapy action.These treatments are used for VSD on the mixed type.

3. Fortification and mineralization of the body in order to stabilize the nervous excitability.

Treatment IRR should be under strict medical supervision.Self-medication is not recommended and although it is very common.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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