12 August

Symptoms and treatment of valgus deformity in children and adults

Contents:

1. Symptoms of hallux valgus

2. causes of disease

3. diagnosis of hallux valgus fingers

4. Treatment deformation

5. Prevention

valgus deformity is called a disease in which the big toe joint is severely distorted, with the remaining toes are significant changes.The ailment popularly called "bones on their feet."Externally, the disease appears as a bend of the thumb to the inner side of the foot, the disease is considered to be widespread pathology stop.

Symptoms of hallux valgus deformity of the fingers

and flattened front part of the foot accompanied by severe pain in the joints, it certainly violates the basic functions of the limbs.Wearing a standard shoe becomes impossible in advanced cases of valgus deformity of the fingers results in reduced ability to work.Most often the disease occurs in middle-aged men and is characterized by rapid progression.

This pathology carries not only orthopedic, but also an aesthetic problem.Besides valgus deformity can lead to

several changes in the various structures of the foot and threatens the development of the following diseases:

  • chronic bursitis;
  • varus deviation of the first metatarsal bone;
  • arthrosis of the metacarpophalangeal joints deforming type;
  • exostosis heads of the metatarsal bones;
  • cross or flat feet combined.

causes of disease

For what reasons there is valgus deformity of the foot in children and adults are not fully established.However, a significant role in the development of the disease is the presence of the following factors:

  • flat;
  • endocrine disorders;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • osteoporosis.

At the heart of valgus deformity of fingers is congenital or acquired weakness of bone and connective tissues.Provoke disease may incorrectly matched shoes, first of all it concerns shoes with tapered nose and high heels.As a result of wearing such shoes load is unevenly distributed, much of it falls on the fingers.The consequence of this is the articular arthrosis of the thumb.

In identifying the hallux valgus foot treatment should start as soon as possible.

diagnosis of hallux valgus fingers

For proper treatment requires a complete examination of the patient.By identifying the true causes of valgus deformity of the foot in children and in adults, doctors can not only determine the stage of the process, but also to correct the deformation successfully.For the diagnosis is carried out 3 projection x-ray of the affected foot.It reveals the extent of the disease and to detect such comorbidities as cysts, arthritis, avascular necrosis, osteoporosis periosteum and change.

Treatment deformation

When the initial symptoms of the treatment of hallux valgus foot is the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, local dressings and ointments, massage, baths for feet and physical therapy to relieve pain and inflammation of the joints.With little valgus deformity of the foot for children and adults show the use of special orthopedic appliances.It may be arch supports, insoles, silicone interdigital rollers, tie, finger correctors.However, these methods can not eliminate deformation of the joints, sinceeffect gives only temporarily.

If the patient suffers from severe pain and illness is constantly progressing, resorting to surgery.Operative treatment of hallux valgus, which consists of exostosis excision and reconstructive surgery with rassekaniem metatarsal bones, can completely eliminate the disease.After about a day, patients can walk independently in special shoes, and 1.5 months to start a normal life.

Prevention

To not have to carry out re-treatment of hallux valgus, patients are recommended to carry out preventive maintenance, including:

  • regular inspection orthopedist;
  • wearing special orthopedic shoes or the right amount;
  • use of orthopedic insoles;
  • exclusion of a large load on the legs.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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