1. Causes of vaginitis
2. Symptoms of the disease
3. Diagnosis and treatment of vaginitis
vaginitis - an inflammatory disease of the vaginal mucosa.
The disease is one of the first places among the gynecological inflammatory diseases.According to statistics from vaginitis faced every third woman.The number of women suffering from this disease is growing every year.This is attributed to an increase in the number of sexually transmitted infections, immunocompromised modern women, poor environment.
Where except inflammation affects the vaginal mucosa and the mucosa of vulva (external female genitalia), develops vulvovaginitis.
vaginitis often causes disruption of the normal functioning of the female reproductive system.He often contributes to the appearance of chronic pain, menstrual irregularities, development of female infertility.
There are many factors that provoke the development of vaginitis.There are the main causes of this disease.
1.Nerazborchivost in sexual intercourse and frequent change of sexual partners.In most cases, the pathogen enters the vagina vaginitis sexually.Most often this pathology causing organisms such as gonococci, mycoplasma, chlamydia, pale treponema, trichomonas, Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
2.Podavlennoe state of the natural microflora of the vagina.This may be associated with reduced immunity women taking antibiotics and hormones, frequent stress, poor environment.In such cases, the local immune system is not able to withstand the urogenital infection.Additionally, some microorganisms vaginal natural to the female body, in certain conditions, can themselves trigger the development of vaginitis.
3.Mehanicheskoe genital mutilation.Experts suggest that carrying out certain diagnostic and treatment methods for non-compliance with aseptic technique significantly increases the risk of developing the disease.These procedures include - abortion, probing or scraping the uterine cavity, gidrotubatsiya (study of tubal patency), installation and removal of an intrauterine device.
4.Change and hormonal disorders are women.Often vaginitis appear in pregnant women with endocrine disorders, hyperactivity ovarian menopause.
Symptoms depend on the type of pathogen, stage of its development.
There is an acute and chronic vaginitis vaginitis.
In acute vaginitis in women appear specific vaginal discharge.Their color, texture depend on the type of infection that caused the disease.If the disease pathogens Trichomonas steel, isolation has a greenish-yellow color and the foam structure.Gonorrheal vaginitis is characterized by purulent, thick white-yellow discharge.When coccal bacterial form of the disease in women appear whitish-yellow abundant whites.Discharge at acute Candida vaginitis have the form of loose white flakes.On the pathogen gardnerelly point clear, having an unpleasant fishy odor, discharge.
acute course of the disease is characterized by swelling, redness, tenderness in the vagina and vulva, abundant secretions.Patients often suffer from itching, burning sensation in the site of the lesion.The symptoms of vaginitis join pain in the lower abdomen, extending to the back and a burning sensation when urinating.The body temperature is usually normal in patients, a slight increase in its happens only with deep lesions of the vaginal walls.
Chronic vaginitis has less pronounced symptoms.The main symptoms of this form of vaginitis are vaginal discharge.Sometimes a woman complains of discomfort and itching of the vagina.Chronic vaginitis has a long duration and is characterized by frequent exacerbations.Relapses occur after exposure to cold, a viral infection, alcohol abuse during pregnancy.The symptoms of vaginitis in the recurrence period is almost the same as in the acute form of the disease.
For effective treatment of vaginitis need to install in the first place, the causative agent.Diagnosis of vaginitis doctor begins with a tour of the mucous membrane of the vagina and cervix.In appearance and nature of the mucous secretions may assume, the cause of the onset of disease.To make an accurate diagnosis, laboratory tests of smears from the vagina and cervix.In the inflammatory process indicates an increased number of white blood cells in the sample smear.
Another method of diagnosis of vaginitis is a measurement of the acidity of vaginal secretions.Acidity indicates trihomoniazny or bacterial vaginitis.
more sophisticated laboratory tests used to diagnose diseases that are sexually transmitted.At the same time it conducted a separate analysis for each infection.
«gold standard" in the diagnosis of trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis is a method of bacterial seeding.This is the most accurate method of diagnosis is quite expensive and requires about a week time.
vaginitis treatment involves the elimination of the causes that have contributed to its development.
Thus, when the bacterial disease prescribe antibiotics.Candida vaginitis treated with anti-fungal agents.
Drug therapy involves the use of oral medications and topical drugs (suppositories, gels, creams).
In addition, in the treatment and chronic and acute vaginitis used sit-warm baths with antiseptic solutions, infusions of medicinal plants.If you have a discharge, women are advised to conduct douching with special solutions.
Along with drug therapy patients received vitamin complexes, fortifying agents.vaginitis treatment usually complete the course of drugs that restore normal vaginal microflora.Usually such products contain lactic acid bacteria.
Treatment of chronic vaginitis requires a longer time than the treatment of acute forms of the disease.In addition to medical treatment, the chronic course of the disease have been successfully applied methods of physiotherapy, spa treatment.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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