Bulimia - types , symptoms, treatment , consequences


1. Causes of bulimia

2. Species

3. Symptoms of bulimia

4. consequences of bulimia

5. Treatment of bulimia

Bulimia - a mental disorder characterized by eating disorders man.The main symptom of bulimia are recurrent bouts of overeating.Most often, bulimia affects women aged 15 - 30 years.

Causes of bulimia

All causes of the disease can be divided into 3 groups: social, psychogenic and organic.

Psychogenic causes nervosa: relationship problems of a personal nature, low self-esteem, persistent depression, emotional isolation, increased anxiety, obsessive thoughts and actions.

Organic causes of bulimia nervosa: endocrine diseases and various pathologies of some brain structures involved in regulating the balance between hunger and satiety.Also bulimia is frequently observed in diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and tumors of the central nervous system, affecting responsible for the regulation of appetite centers.

to social causes of bulimia include: change of the perfect fi

gure, mistakes parents in the child's upbringing, physical inactivity, reclusive, the absence of any employment which is forcing people to make frequent "snacking".


The disease is of two types - bulimia nervosa and bulimia puberty.

first type are usually exposed to people aged 25 to 30 years who are looking for a way to relax and find it in the food.The main causes of bulimia nervosa are psychiatric disorders, low self-esteem, stress, but in some cases to such an ailment can lead to problems of the endocrine system, the central nervous system or heredity.Bulimia Nervosa exhibit cyclic for: periods of active use food alternated with periods of restraint with respect to food.That is why patients with bulimia nervosa weight usually varies considerably depending on the phase.

puberty Bulimia is most common in adolescent girls undergoing puberty.In this age of over-eating episodes often alternate with periods of lack of appetite until aversion to food.

How bulimia nervosa, and bulimia puberty are curable, if the time to identify the disease and to take all necessary measures to recover.

Symptoms of bulimia

the part of bulimia can be difficult to recognize, as patients suffering from this disease usually have a normal weight, so visually identify their difference from healthy people is almost impossible.

Behavioral symptoms of bulimia:

  • eating food in large quantities, haste in eating, poor chewing and swallowing chunks;
  • absorption absolutely be combined to taste products;
  • constant hunger pangs at night;
  • process of eating becomes mechanical - people often do not remember exactly what, when and how much he ate;
  • mandatory attempt to "purify" and release the intestine after each meal (use of laxatives and vomiting);
  • unhealthy concern with the figure, regular attempts to diet, abuse of physical training;
  • signs of mental illness, stealth, secluded life.

Physiological symptoms of bulimia:

  • frequent fluctuations in weight;
  • general ill health, low energy, weakness;
  • loose skin, dermatitis, signs of dehydration;
  • diseases of the digestive system, problems with metabolism, bowel disorders (goiter, diarrhea);
  • involuntary muscle twitching, cramps, excessive salivation;
  • tendency to inflammation in the throat and pharynx;
  • problems with the functioning of liver and kidney, heart disease;
  • menstrual disorders;
  • neurotic nature of the disease.

consequences of bulimia

most common consequences of bulimia are problems with the digestive tract: mechanical damage to the stomach, gastritis, indigestion, ulcers, constipation, various inflammations.In addition, bulimia have a negative effect on the heart - causing tachycardia and increased pressure.Frequent artificial vomiting can damage the nasal septum and the vocal cords.

Usually with disease onset weight gain is observed, since 70% of the calories from the food time to be absorbed by the body.Therefore, the consequence of bulimia can become obese.Bulimia is merciless to the skin - it dries and thins it.Also, hair loss occurs, a bundle of nails and tooth decay due to the constant contact of teeth with acid gastric juice.

However, the most serious consequences of bulimia - the ones that have a negative impact on the human psyche: the patient loses interest in life and faith in yourself, self-blame and suffering plunges into severe depression.This often leads to drug, alcohol or drug addiction.But while for others the patient may appear quite safe, because of what is often not even close to coming up with the idea of ​​the need to treat bulimia.

Treatment of bulimia

Traditional treatment of bulimia includes, first of all, psychotherapy, system alignment, and only in some cases, anti-depressants.The earlier the disease is detected and initiated treatment of bulimia, the more likely it is that there will be consequences of bulimia.If an eating disorder is supplemented by other psychological disorders (eg, depression, drug or alcohol dependence), we need a comprehensive approach to the treatment of the whole organism.

the treatment of bulimia often practicing cognitive-behavioral therapy, which aims to achieve that the patient began to take himself as he is.The patient is taught the principles of proper nutrition, routine meals, reduce his morbid anxiety about their weight and appearance, form skills that prevent the return of disease, but also help to analyze the relationships with others.

If there is a consequence of bulimia as exhaustion, the patient prescribed maintenance drugs (vitamin and mineral complex, etc.).

bulimia treatment is a systematic and long-term process, which can last more than a year.At the same time the first signs of recovery are often observed only after a few weeks or even months after initiation of therapy.The positive results of the treatment can not take guarantee that bulimia symptoms never returned.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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