Huntington's Disease - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment


1. Symptoms of Huntington's disease

2. Diagnosis and treatment of diseases

Huntington's disease is a genetic neurodegenerative disease of the brain, which has several names: Huntington syndrome or Huntington's chorea.

for this disease is characterized by recurrent spasms or muscle twitches, degeneration of brain cells, chorea, athetosis, intellectual and mystical disorder.

According to statistics, Huntington's chorea is most susceptible to the Europeans and Americans.In addition, it is more common in men.

Huntington's disease is a genetic disorder that is caused by a dominant gene, so about 50% of cases, it is inherited.The risk of having a child with this disease is much higher on the patient's father than the mother of the patient, but at the moment the cause of more severe inheritance from her father is unknown.

disease begins unnoticed, and the first symptoms appear, usually between the ages of 35 to 40 years.

cognition changes with Huntington's disease are inconspicuo

us at first, but over time the spasms of the facial muscles, there is irritability, decreased interest in usual activities.With the development of chorea Harrington person starts to behave irresponsibly, often walks aimlessly and eventually develops chorea (dancing) gait.Gradually he has the emotional deficit, aggression, panic, self-centeredness.Often patients begin to form obsessions, hypersexuality, there is a craving for bad habits (alcoholism, drug addiction, gambling and so on).

patient ceases to control their impulses, and for several years he did lose memory and the ability to think rationally.The more developed the disease, the harder it is to recognize a person familiar to him.The patient usually depressed, have suicidal.

In severe disorders has been a violation of almost all functions, and a person needs to stay in a hospital or continuous care.

Symptoms of Huntington's disease

By manifestations of the disease include:

  • deterioration of mental activity that occurs gradually;
  • chorea - involuntary jerky movements of the limbs;
  • loss of such species as the short-term memory and long-term;
  • violation of focus;
  • inability to control posture;
  • dysarthria - the inability to clearly pronounce the word;
  • various psychiatric disorders (apathy, aggression, personality change);
  • chaotic uncontrolled eye movements;
  • dysphagia - difficulty swallowing.

Diagnosis and treatment of diseases

the purpose of diagnosis of Huntington's disease, the doctor-neurologist performed a number of analyzes and studies.Among them:

  • CT - computer tomography of the brain, which shows distinct changes during his illness;
  • IWG - magnetic resonance imaging of the brain;
  • genetic research;
  • blood test.

Although to date no cure for Huntington's disease, it is still necessary to reduce its symptoms, in order to prevent the development of complications.

Symptomatic treatment involves receiving neuroleptic and psychotropic drugs, benzodiazepines, tranquilizers and antiparkinsonian agents.These medications can alleviate symptoms and disorders to help people to better control their behavior, but at the same time, the means of ensuring the recovery of this disease does not exist.In

if a family has such patients by genetic counseling and some studies can evaluate the risk of disease transmission to children.

If time does not notice the typical symptoms of Huntington's disease and begin treatment, it can trigger the development of complications such as the:

  • pneumonia;
  • dementia;
  • choking;
  • cardiovascular insufficiency;
  • weakened immunity;
  • dehydration;
  • increased risk of injury.

often possible suicide attempts patient.As a general rule, 18 years after the onset of symptoms occurs death.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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