23 April

Osgood Schlatter 's disease - treatment , complications

Contents:

1. Symptoms of Osgood Schlatter

2. reasons

3. Treatment of Osgood Schlatter disease

4. Complications

Osgood Schlatter Diseasecalled the defeat of the tibial tubercle that occurs between the end of the growth of the skeletal system.This disease comes at a time of growth and puberty the body.As a rule, it occurs in boys aged 13-14 years.Osgood Schlatter disease primarily affects adolescents, practicing systematic physical activity.Although the disease is more common in boys, the gender gap narrowed with the involvement of girls in sports.

Symptoms of Osgood Schlatter

main symptoms include:

  • swelling and pain in the tibia, just below the kneecap;
  • knee pain, worse after exercise and reduced to a state of rest;
  • tension of the surrounding muscles, especially the thigh muscles.

Pain may vary depending on the individual characteristics of the organism.Some patients have had only slight pain during the execution of certain activities, especially when running and jumping

.Others have pain can be constant and pronounced.

Typically, Osgood Schlatter disease affects only one knee, but sometimes the disease spreads at once on both knees.Discomfort in this area can be seen within a few weeks, but may last for several months and repeated until the teenager does not cease to grow.

to establish an accurate diagnosis, you need to consult a specialist and undergo an examination.In some cases, make an X-ray where you can see the swelling in the area of ​​the tibia and the changes in the tendons.

reasons

cause of the disease are recurrent non-serious knee injury, is often observed in adolescents during exercise.

Osgood Schlatter disease is most often seen in adolescents who deal with traumatic sports that require sudden change of trajectory: running, jumping, football, basketball, gymnastics or figure skating.

fact that the tubular bone extremities contain child growth zones consisting of cartilage on the bone end.Cartilage tissue can not boast a particularly strong and easily susceptible to damage.Therefore, excessive stress on the growth zone can lead to swelling and soreness in the area.When physical activity, accompanied by running, jumping and slopes muscles, stretch the child's thigh quadriceps tendon that connects the kneecap to the tibia.

Such loads can lead to a slight tear of tendons, which causes pain and swelling characteristic of Osgood Schlatter disease.In some cases, the patient's own body is trying to close the defect by bone growth, forming a bony bump.

Treatment of Osgood Schlatter disease

disease usually runs itself, and after completion of bone growth lost all symptoms.In cases where the symptoms are pronounced, Osgood Schlatter disease treatment should include physical therapy, medications and physical therapy.

In severe pain, doctors recommend bed rest, tubusnoe UV radiation, warming packs, anti-inflammatory and pain medications.Drug treatment of Osgood Schlatter disease involves the appointment of such painkillers as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.Also useful would be troksevazinovoy massage ointment.

Through physical therapy can reduce inflammation, relieve pain and swelling.Assign the following procedures: electrophoresis with novocaine and calcium (alternately), with aminophylline and kokarboksilazu, ozocerite and paraffin warming.

Therapeutic exercises should include exercise, stretching the hamstrings and quadriceps.They allow you to reduce the load on the patellar tendon area connection to the tibia.Exercises to strengthen the thigh muscles also help to strengthen the knee joint.

treatment to be effective, the patient must temporarily change your lifestyle.The doctor assigns a motor mode to limit the load on the quadriceps muscle of the thigh.That is, you need to give up sports until the disappearance of the symptoms of degenerative process.

If conservative treatment of Osgood Schlatter disease does not give the desired effect, there is a need for surgery.Surgical treatment is the removal of the affected area and the fixation plate with bone allograft.It also shows in severe fragmentation and ongoing pain.

Complications Complications of Osgood Schlatter disease are extremely rare.The disease can lead to swelling and local chronic pain syndrome that can be eliminated with the help of cold compresses and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents.

In some cases, even after the disappearance of the symptoms on the patient's lower leg bone is a small bump.It can persist throughout a person's life, but it does not violates the functionality of the knee.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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