22 April

Crohn's disease - symptoms, treatment , special diet

Contents:

1. The causes of Crohn's disease

2. symptoms

3. Diagnosis and treatment of Crohn's disease

Crohn's disease - a chronic relapsing disease of the intestinal tractwhich is characterized by granulomatous, ulcerative and inflammatory lesions of its various departments.Risk of disease is that the heavy defeat of the digestive system can develop on any part of the mouth to the human colon.

The disease is common in men and women of all ages, but most often from 15 to 40 years.

The causes of Crohn's disease

The exact cause of this disease has not been established.Experts suggest some factors which can provoke the occurrence of Crohn's disease.

Immune system problems.The human body from harmful bacteria protect the cells of the immune system.When pathogens arises protective reaction of the body, often causing inflammation.Neutralize pathogens, immune response and inflammation cease.But some people can be wrong reaction of the immune system.It can start and destroy beneficial mic

roorganisms.Or in the body for some reason, it does not stop the inflammation.Such chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract and organs leads to the development of Crohn's disease.

genetic predisposition.In 10-20% of patients with this disease have at least one relative who also suffers from this disease.This allows scientists to talk about the genetic predisposition of the disease.

External factors.It is believed that some of the factors of the external environment can provoke the development of disease.These include viruses, bacteria or microbes, cigarette smoke and other factors.

symptoms

Most often Crohn's disease affects the intestine, which is located near the colon.Although there are cases of localization of lesions in all parts of the digestive tract.In this disease the whole mucosa of the affected area is covered with abscesses and ulcers.

particular danger are the cases of this disease in which the walls of the intestinal fistulas occur (abnormal channels between two bodies).There is an opportunity message peritoneum or other internal organs.As a result, there is a risk of infection to other organs and significant complication of a pathological condition.

Inflammatory bowel in Crohn's disease processes facilitate the transition of its mucosa in the scar tissue.Thus, complicated absorption of nutrients from food, reduced bowel motility, gut luminal narrowing occurs.

symptom of Crohn's disease is a lymph node.In the blood is greatly increased number of eosinophils and T-lymphocytes, which are in the early stages of disease are trying to suppress it.

There are local and general symptoms of Crohn's disease.

Local symptoms of Crohn's disease include the following:

  • often recurring abdominal pain, which is similar to the pain of appendicitis;It appears as a result of destruction of the intestinal mucosa and the constant irritation of nerve endings;
  • frequent diarrhea, which is caused by the impossibility of assimilation of nutrients intestine;in severe cases, the processes of decay are developed;
  • perforated in the development of fistulas and ulcers in a patient are bleeding;
  • perforation of the intestinal wall;
  • ileus;
  • infiltration (leakage of abnormal substances), and abscesses.

Common symptoms of Crohn's disease are those signs:

  • improving overall body temperature, fever;
  • drastic weight loss in the normal appetite;
  • fatigue, weakness, lethargy, deterioration of general condition;
  • insufficient intake of vitamins (multigipovitaminozy);
  • insufficient absorption of calcium (osteoporosis);
  • softening of the bones;
  • dehydration;

Crohn's disease in children often leads to a delay of physical and sexual development.In this disease the untimely closure of growth zones in the bones causes the child stunting.In addition, Crohn's disease in children leads to menstrual disorders in adolescent girls.

Diagnosis and treatment of Crohn's disease

main methods of diagnosis of this disease is an X-ray and endoscopic studies.With their help, you can reveal inflammation in areas of the gastrointestinal tract.At the same time carry out an endoscopy with biopsy of the intestinal mucosa.

patient Feces were examined for leucocytes indicating inflammation in the intestinal wall.Additionally conduct fecal pathogen intestinal infections, the eggs of worms, clostridia.

Carry out general and biochemical analysis of the blood of a patient Crohn's disease, which is used to determine the activity of the inflammatory process.

Treatment of Crohn's disease begins with the appointment of a special diet to the patient.

main principle of the diet in Crohn's disease - a lower content in the diet of fat and carbohydrates and more protein content.Also, the menu must be products containing calcium and potassium.The amount of salt should not exceed eight grams per day.Diet Crohn meal provides 5-6 times a day in small portions.Food must be prepared by the method of cooking, baking, steaming.You can not eat hot or cold foods.The diet in Crohn's disease is completely eliminated hard-boiled eggs, chocolate, ice cream, sweets, spicy seasonings, animal fats, wine, beer, kvass.Do not eat raw vegetables, mushrooms, canned vegetables, smoked fish.

therapy in this disease is aimed at stopping the inflammation in the intestine, normalize the immune system, treatment of complications that have emerged as a result of the disease.

In the conservative treatment of Crohn's disease are used glucocorticoids, salicylates, immunosuppressants, hormones.Further, in some cases, prescribe antibiotics.To support the patient's body using enzymatic means, vitamin complexes.

In therapy of Crohn's disease in children immunosuppressants prescribed only in the case of urgent need.

Surgical treatment of Crohn's disease is carried out at the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy, septic complications, narrowing of the intestine, the formation of scar structures in the intestines, intestinal obstruction.

During surgery, the doctor removes the diseased portion of the intestine, and then sews the fabric.After surgery, the patient is forced over a long period of time to take medications to prevent aggravation of the disease.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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