The symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis , treatment and disability


1. symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis

2. Ankylosing spondylitis women

3. Treatment of ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis or ankylosing spondylitis - an inflammatory disease of the spineand joints, has a chronic course.The exact cause of the disease has not been established.Experts suggest that the cause may be genetic predisposition in people who are carriers of a specific antigen.Their immune system can take some tissues of the organism as foreign, causing inflammation occurs.

inflammation usually begins at the junction of the sacrum and ilium When the disease.After the transition to the lumbar spine and rises up on it.Inflammation can capture any body joints.But, much more dangerous with ankylosing spondylitis "ossification" of ligaments, intervertebral joints, discs of the spine.Vertebrae are spliced ​​together and the spine loses mobility and flexibility.Without appropriate treatment for several years vertebrae may grow together in the same bone structure, a

nd comes complete immobility of the spine.

symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis

quite difficult to recognize the early stages the symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis.Even the early radiographic signs can diagnose only narrow specialists.All the symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis can be classified according to the place of injury inflammation.

Symptoms of joint damage:

  • One of the main manifestations of the disease is inflammation of the joints of the sacrum (sakroielit).Pain is often felt deep in the buttocks.It can be taken as a symptom of sciatica, herniated disc, sciatica.
  • Most patients say the affected limb joints, most commonly the shoulder and hip.Stiffness and pain in the joints are felt more strongly in the first half of the day.
  • Sometimes the swelling and inflammation of the small joints of the feet and hands.Typically, the period of inflammation of joints of 1-2 months.Only in rare cases, it lasts longer.

Symptoms of spinal injury:

  • One of the earliest manifestations of the disease may be stiffness and pain in the lumbar spine.These symptoms often occur at night and worse in the morning.Condition improved after a hot shower, exercise.In the afternoon the pain can disappear.
  • With further development of ankylosing spondylitis pain and stiffness extends to the upper spine.
  • smoothing the physiological curves of the spine occurs then, the formation of a stoop (kyphosis) of the thoracic.This stage of the disease usually runs slowly, for many years, with periods of exacerbation and remission.
  • Because inflammation appears painful muscle tension in the back area of ​​the spine.
  • In the absence of adequate therapy is compounded by limited mobility in the spine because of the fusion of the joints of the vertebrae, ossification intervertebral discs.

Nesustavnye symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis:

Approximately 30% of cases of this disease occur inflammation following organs:

  • eye - iridocyclitis, uveitis;
  • heart - the development of valvular heart disease, myocarditis;
  • aorta - aorta
  • light;
  • lower urinary tract and kidneys.

Ankylosing spondylitis women

Previously called ankylosing spondylitis male disease because it occurs predominantly in men.Nowadays it is quite common in women.But they have the disease occurs with less consequences than men.For this reason, a woman is more difficult to make a correct diagnosis.The development of the disease in women is very slow.After the appearance of the first symptoms, the disease sometimes does not show for a very long time.

most often ankylosing spondylitis in women begins with the shoulder joint or the thoracic spine.This sometimes prevents the correct diagnosis.Often the disease is confused with arthritis.Changes in the spine in women not taking place as fast as men, so x-ray does not diagnose disease.Pain is observed only at a palpation of the hip joints and sacrum.As a result, accurate diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis in women doctors may spend 10-20 years from the beginning of its development.

Women fairly rare spinal ossification.His mobility often persists throughout life.It is much less common than in men, in women observe the deformation of the spine and complications of internal organs, such as diseases of the aorta, heart and liver.

Treatment of ankylosing spondylitis

Treatment of ankylosing spondylitis should be complex and lengthy.Experts recommend to carry out his scheme: hospital - sanatorium - clinic.

in disease therapy using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glyukokorikoidy, in severe cases - immunosuppressants.

As an added treat ankylosing spondylitis successfully used physiotherapy, manual therapy, therapeutic exercises.Exercises for remedial gymnastics specialist selects individually.It is recommended to carry out twice a day for 30 minutes.Experts advise patients with Ankylosing spondylitis learn muscle relaxation.To reduce the symptoms of immobility of the chest, doctors recommend to learn deep breathing.

very important in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis in the early stages of development to avoid vicious postures spine.To strengthen the muscles of the buttocks and back of the patient need to go swimming and skiing.

Sleep better on a rigid bed without a pillow.

Often a person suffering from Ankylosing spondylitis, a disability can be a sad outcome of the disease.These people are forced to go to the group due to the restriction of movement and prolonged pain.In ankylosing spondylitis disability is determined depending on the form of the disease and the type of its course.Most often, patients receive disability group in the Nordic and the peripheral form of the disease, in which there is an early manifestation of symptoms.

Also with ankylosing spondylitis disability to be patients who have a rapid progression of the disease, frequent exacerbations.

Ankylosing spondylitis - a progressive disease, but competent therapy can delay its development.It is important to undergo regular medical check-ups, to go to hospital for treatment if necessary.The goal of therapy - removal of pain and the development of mobility of the spine.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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