1. Causes of eyesore
2. Types disease
3. Diagnosis and treatment of eyesores
eyesore or wall-eye -it is a disease characterized by a clouding of the cornea in which it becomes a porcelain-white color.
leucoma differently affects the person's vision.There are cases of complete blindness on its background.But, usually, a thorn promotes partial loss of visual acuity.The quality of a person depends on the size of wall-eye, and its location on the cornea.The most dangerous complications in the formation of cataracts in the center of the cornea, directly in front of the pupil.Thus its formation on the corneal periphery practically does not degrade visual acuity.
Since small corneal haze does not bring discomfort and vision falls slightly, the person may be unaware of his illness.In this case, it can be diagnosed only by a specialist using special ophthalmic devices.
leucoma develops as a result of scarring of different origin, which are located
Most often an eyesore appears in some diseases which are characterized by deep corneal lesions.The following causes of the disease can be identified:
1.Keratity (corneal inflammation).One of the most frequent causes of cataracts.Especially dangerous deep keratitis.When improperly or untimely treatment they contribute to the formation of cataracts.Keratitis superficial ulcerations due to provoke a small cloud.
2.Bolezni conjunctiva (the thin transparent tissue covering the eye from the outside).Often the cause of cataracts becomes trachoma (an infectious eye disease).
3.Travmy.For the defeat of the cornea and the further appearance of cataracts cause burns of varying severity.There may be thermal burns (under the influence of high temperatures) and chemical (alkali, acid).More dangerous corneal alkali burns.After these eye burns only able to light perception.
4.Hirurgicheskoe intervention.There are cases when after the surgery develop complications and injury to the eyes.They contribute to the emergence of corneal scarring and, as a result of cataracts.The most common complication is given surgical intervention for the removal of cataracts, pterygium (growth of the conjunctiva on the cornea).
Walleye can be congenital or acquired.
Congenital wall-eye is formed in humans at the stage of fetal development.Lack of reliability placental barrier allows some viruses and bacteria to overcome it.Therefore, the fetus may be inflammatory eye processes that result in the formation of cataracts.
Acquired wall-eye.This form of the disease occurs much more frequently congenital.leucoma convex (ectatic) particularly stands out.It develops as a result of corneal ulceration and combined with disturbances of intraocular pressure and thinning of the cornea.
Belm vary in shape depending on the severity of the cloud.They are called - total defeat, the spot, cloud and so on.
Diagnostics walleye is not particularly difficult.First, the doctor determines what disease might provoke its occurrence.After that the eye examination.
Often external examination clearly shows whitish center.Sometimes it sticks out (for thinning the cornea), sometimes it has an uneven or rough surface.
With ophthalmoscopy doctor determines the bottom reflex eye cataracts and transparency.
Another method of diagnosis of this disease is biomicroscopy.It allows not only examine in detail the cloud center, but set it in the depth of the corneal thickness.This is a very important method, especially in the diagnosis of very small lesions.
method for treating cataracts depends on the size of turbidity plots, presence or absence of inflammatory processes of the eye.
For small lesions, treatment eyesore is conservative therapy, which is mainly aimed at enhancing local immunity.The same therapy is prescribed, if the affected area is located at the periphery of the cornea and does not disturb the visual acuity.
the presence of concomitant inflammatory eye, in the treatment of cataracts applied anti-inflammatory therapy.Selection of drugs depends on the disease that caused this pathology.The patient may be given corticosteroids, anti-TB drugs, medications antisyphyllitic.
cataracts Treatment of an eye when the affected area of considerable size carried out by means of surgical intervention.During the operation, the patient is transplanted a donor cornea transparent portion of the eye.Such an operation is justified, because the corneal transplant human body perceives quite well.This is due to the fact that corneal tissue not have their own vessels.As a result, antibody produced in response to foreign cells, can not get it in the right quantity.Thus, the cornea rejection occurs.This method of treatment of cataracts called keratoplasty.It can significantly improve the patient's vision.
Prediction treatment of the disease or traumatic nature of burn depends on the severity and nature of the damage.With a significant destruction of the corneal epithelium, baring the nerves set protective intraocular lens.However, only facilitated the patient's condition.He reduced lacrimation, photophobia, but the vision is not fully restored.
most effective treatment for the infectious nature of the disease.The patient cure the underlying disease, and then carry out a surgical operation.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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