Properties and application of vitamin B, vitamin B source


1. What are the B vitamins are there?

2. vitamin in the body

3. Features of B vitamins

4. Avoiding hypovitaminosis B?

Thanks to Polish scientist Casimir Funk vitamin was discovered in 1912 by B. This vitamin is readily soluble in water.When you receive this vitamin in the body it does not happen "accumulation", the surplus is not deposited in the body.Therefore, the body's need for this vitamin must be replenished daily.To saturate the body with vitamin B should be used in the following food foods: milk (cow or goat), dried brewer's yeast, whole wheat, rice husks, oat oatmeal, pork, peanuts, bran and various vegetables.

In laboratory studies it was found that the vitamin B compound is not one but a whole range of substances, the presence of combined nitrogen in the molecules.Thus, a group of vitamins was determined by the presence of nitrogen in the molecules B, which subsequently have been numbered.

B vitamins are valuable energy, which is needed every cell of our body

, especially in need of brain cells.Also, B vitamins are essential for normal functioning of the central nervous system, as well as for the stable operation of the various organs and systems.

What are the B vitamins are there?

There are different opinions about what B vitamins exist.Currently, in an officially recognized group of vitamins are listed in the following materials:

  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine) - is a tonic cells of the brain, nervous system, heart and muscles of man.Thiamine as a coenzyme accelerates the biochemical reaction, thereby enhancing operation of brain cells (neurons).
  • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is a natural antioxidant, which is involved in all processes of protein metabolism in the body in the assimilation of fats as well as in the restoration of the digestive, cardiovascular and nervous systems.In addition, it is involved in hematopoiesis, helping to increase erythrocytes and hemoglobin level.
  • Vitamin B3 (PP, niacin, nicotinic acid) is an energy and reducing human hormonal background.As coenzyme he is actively involved in the process of extracting energy from food, but also actively participate in the redox reactions, which in turn lowers the level of blood cholesterol.Also active vitamin improves carbohydrate metabolism involved in the synthesis of enzymes and hormones, and also promotes vasodilation.
  • Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) is an integral component of coenzyme A. Pantothenic acid is actively involved in metabolic processes, as well as in carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body.vitamin B5 content in the adrenal cortex contributes to the formation of corticosteroid hormones.
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) is the most important bioenergy in the body.Pyridoxine as pyridoxamine and pyridoxal protein involved in the metabolism of amino acids and the synthesis of neurotransmitters, reduces blood cholesterol.In addition, it improves physical performance, normalizes the immune and nervous systems, improves skin condition.
  • Vitamin B9 (folic acid) plays an important role in heredity.Folic acid is involved in the formation of RNA and DNA nucleic acids.Besides this vitamin promotes active leak blood formation process.
  • Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) is a member of hematopoiesis, promotes the synthesis of hemoglobin, has a stimulating effect on the formation of nucleic acids and amino acids.Vitamin B12 lowers cholesterol and protects nerve fibers from damage.
  • Since the answer to the question of which there are B vitamins, is not so straightforward, it should be added that in addition to the above substances in this group include vitamins B15 and B17.

vitamin in the body

To preserve vitamin B, be aware that it is:

  • completely destroyed by heat treatment;
  • actively excreted from the body with the use of antibiotics;
  • in stressful situations are accelerated metabolic processes in the body, therefore, increases the need for vitamins of group B;
  • in peptic ulcer, gastritis, colitis significantly impaired synthesis of vitamin B microflora;
  • this vitamin is destroyed by the uncontrolled use of alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, tannin, as well as refined sugar.

These vitamins in the human body perform many important functions.They contribute to the rapid brain cells, improve the transmission of nerve impulses along the peripheral nervous system and in the brain.As described above, each of the group of vitamin performs its "special" role and therefore each of these agents is essential to the human body.

Please be aware that the joint use of vitamins B is more effective than the use of them scattered.Even in these natural products vitamins occur together.Therefore, the shortage of vitamins in the body should be also taken into complex.

Features of B vitamins

should know that at the use of multivitamins in large quantities, there is a possibility of intoxication, manifested general excitement, insomnia, headache, rapid heartbeat, dizziness, seizures.With excessive use of vitamins such as B1, B2 and B6 can develop fatty liver.And vitamins B1, B6 and B12 are highly toxic, so they should also take extreme caution and in designated doses.

In practice, it is proved that the water-soluble vitamins, in particular B1, PP, B6 and B12, B2, C and often cause allergic reactions.

therefore most effectively get vitamins from natural foods and supplementation carried out only after consulting a doctor or in case of data deficiency of vitamins in the body.

Avoiding hypovitaminosis B?

To prevent vitamin deficiency in your body, you should observe a few simple rules:

  • diversify the diet of foods high in B vitamins;
  • avoid the use of synthetic products with preservatives;
  • in moderation drinking alcohol, stop smoking, tempered;
  • increase resistance to stress, exercising regularly and resting properly.

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