Causes, symptoms and treatment of aphthous stomatitis


1. Causes and symptoms of canker sores

2. Chronic recurrent aphthous stomatitis

3. aphthous stomatitis in children

4. treatment of disease

aphthous stomatitis - inflammation of the oral mucosa, which is accompanied by a breach of the mucosal surface and the emergence of the AFL (erosions).Apthae usually heal within 7-10 days.Often the disease occurs with relapses (exacerbations).

Causes and symptoms of canker sores

Causes of AFL in this disease is not well established.Most often experts suggest a link between the development of canker sores and the response of the immune system.At some point, a person's immune system is unable to recognize the molecules of a substance that is present in the saliva.As a result, activated lymphocytes and aphthous ulcers formed.

established that aphthous stomatitis most often occurs in people with a weakened immune system, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, systemic blood diseases.Often, after treatment of the underlying disease re

mission occurs aphthous stomatitis.

provokes the appearance of the disease long-term use of antihypertensive (blood pressure lowering), antiarrhythmic, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Flash aphthous stomatitis can cause an allergic reaction to certain foods.Also dangerous foods containing dietary supplements.

There is a relationship between the onset of disease and mechanical injuries of the oral cavity.About 40% of patients indicate the presence of injury before the appearance of disease.It may be solid food mucosal damage or sharp-edged teeth biting oral tissues.

emergence of canker sores contributes to a lack of vitamins and some trace elements (selenium, folic acid, zinc, iron).

Often exacerbation of the disease coincides with a period of high nervous tension.Many facts point to the genetic predisposition to canker sores.

can distinguish the following symptoms of the disease:

  • education in oral aphthae;
  • pain in the mouth, especially intense when you touch the AFL language or during meals;
  • improving overall body temperature;
  • increase in cervical lymph nodes;
  • general deterioration of health.

Chronic recurrent aphthous stomatitis

Chronic recurrent aphthous stomatitis - a chronic inflammation of the oral mucosa, which is characteristic of recurrent (repeated) precipitation AFL and long duration frequently occurring exacerbations.

most often occurs in patients aged 20-40 years.

Causes of chronic canker sores is not exactly clarified.Some researchers believe the cause of the disease some forms of streptococcus.Others point to the viral nature of the disease.

factors causing the development of chronic recurrent aphthous stomatitis called following:

  • lowered immunity;
  • allergic reactions to certain foods;
  • stress, fatigue;
  • mucosal injury oral cavity;
  • chronic infection in the body - pharyngitis, tonsillitis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;

There are two clinical forms of chronic aphthous stomatitis - light and heavy (aphthosis Setton).

Mild.Education of the AFL on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity begins with the appearance of redness sharply limited oval or round shape.Suffice it painful spot a few hours rises above the surrounding mucosa.Often sick for a few days before the formation of the AFL feel pain or burning at the site of future changes.The resulting spot covered erosions and greyish-white dense bloom.The center is surrounded by a thin rim aphthae.At its base there is infiltration (accumulation of cellular elements with an admixture of blood and lymph).When dotragivanii to afte severe pain occurs.Along with the rash AFL increased body temperature, increased cervical lymph nodes.After 7-10 days aphthae disappear.In this form of chronic aphthous stomatitis lesions appear on the mucous membrane of the lips, cheeks, tongue.Frequency AFT formation - from several days to months.

Severe chronic recurrent aphthous stomatitis (Sutton sprue).This form of the disease has several types of clinical course:

- the formation of the AFL, which disappear after 14-20 days;exacerbation of the disease there every month;

- the formation of crater-like, deep, very painful ulcers that persist in the mucosa of 25-30 days;worsening of the disease is up to six times a year;

- formation of both the AFL and ulcers that exist on the mucous 25-35 days.

Some patients aphthae form of attack for several weeks.They may appear in large numbers at the same time or replace each other.

Patients with aphthous stomatitis deteriorating general condition of the body, the body temperature rises, there is a regional lymphadenitis (inflammation of the lymph nodes).

complicated for her With the increasing prescription of the disease.

Exacerbation of chronic aphthous stomatitis aphthae Setton begins with the formation of painful limited seal the oral mucosa.It first appears ulcer surface covered with a whitish bloom.Then she deepens, growing around it formed redness.After 6-7 days the ulcer formed in the bottom infiltration.Rashes appear frequently on the mucosa of the lips and cheeks, on the sides of the language.They are accompanied by severe pain.The healing process of ulcers is very long - up to two months.After epithelialization ulcers remain severe scarring that result in oral mucosa deformation.

aphthous stomatitis in children

aphthous stomatitis in children is most common in preschool and early school age.

Experts call many reasons that provoke the development of canker sores in children:

  • weak immune system of the child;
  • viral diseases such as influenza, diphtheria, measles, herpes, viral hepatitis;
  • deficiency in vitamins and minerals;
  • gastrointestinal disease;
  • mechanical lesions of the oral cavity, oral cavity disease;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • burn the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.

initial stage of aphthous stomatitis in children is characterized by general malaise, loss of appetite, fever, increase in regional lymph nodes.Then there are the first redness.

next stage formed ulcers that are usually located on the inner side of the lip, the bottom of the mouth, tongue sides.

process of treating aphthous stomatitis in children usually takes 4-7 days.

treatment of disease

aphthous stomatitis treatment provides pain relief, reduction of terms AFL healing, prevention of relapses.

In acute diseases using painkillers.To eliminate inflammation in treating canker sores treated with the oral cavity with antiseptic solutions.If necessary, the patient is prescribed antipyretics, antihistamines and anti-viral medications.Treatment of aphthous stomatitis involves taking vitamins and immunostimulatory drugs.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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