Atherosclerosis of the brain - causes, symptoms , treatment


1. Symptoms of cerebral arteriosclerosis

2. reasons

3. Treatment

4. Prevention brain atherosclerosis

term atherosclerosis is formed fromtwo Greek words - ἀθέρος (gruel) and σκληρός (hard) - and refers to a chronic disease of the arteries and blood vessels associated with the deposition of cholesterol in them, followed by narrowing of the vascular lumen and leads to oxygen deficiency and stroke.The affected area may be the vessels of the heart, kidney, lower limbs, internal organs, as well as the brain.Atherosclerosis of the brain leads to disorders of mental activity and in severe cases - paralysis.Some scientists now reckon cerebral arteriosclerosis to the natural attributes of old age, but if aging - physiological process and irreversible, then atherosclerosis - a pathological process and fed to a certain degree of treatment and prevention.

symptoms of atherosclerosis of brain

first cerebral atherosclerosis symptoms usually begin at 60-50 years of age and without p

roper treatment progress.Initially, this may be a decline in physical and often mental health, sleep disturbances, irritability.Patients complain of dizziness, noise in my head and headaches, it is increasingly making itself felt forgetfulness and memory for a long event and logical thinking did not suffer, while recent events fall out of memory.There are difficulties with fine motor skills, sleep becomes intermittent and disturbing, until the appearance of nightmares.Outwardly, it seems the typical signs of aging, which will eventually increase.Later, however, these symptoms of atherosclerosis of brain vessels join syncope, sensory disturbances, speech disorders, strokes.Steadily progressing atherosclerosis brain continues to develop, causing the weakening of mental abilities.

Sometimes cerebrovascular changes occur at the level of the individual - some traits are amplified to the extreme, patients become pedantic or opposite untidy, greedy or selfish.Atherosclerosis cerebrovascular causes tearfulness and suspiciousness, picky and grumpy and tendency to depression.

During the medical examination of the brain atherosclerosis may indicate slow movement, trembling hands, chin, head, eyeballs, and even the shape of the pupil may change, as in the study of the fundus revealed narrowing of the veins.In addition, the physician can identify the face asymmetry, enhanced pulsation of neck vessels and characteristic feature - a high level of cholesterol in the blood.

more accurate diagnosis can neurologist using ultrasound techniques, angiography, CT angiography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain.According to the degree of symptoms of brain atherosclerosis is divided into two periods - preclinical, when the symptoms are not yet manifest, but lipidogram already allows the diagnosis in laboratory studies and clinical period in which there are three stages of development - ischemic, necrotic and sclerotic.


There are several theories of origin of cerebral atherosclerosis: immunological, genetic, carbohydrate, infectious, peroxide.Each of them has a right to exist, but is considered to be officially recognized theory of lipid and cholesterol metabolism in particular.According to this theory the main cause of atherosclerosis of brain vessels - is the deposition of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels and the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.Gradually, this process leads to a narrowing of the lumen of the cerebral vessel, poor blood flow and oxygen starvation.In the future cholesterol plaques are necrotic, formed thrombus in the vessel, which may lead to cerebral infarction.

There are a number of known factors that increase the risk of atherosclerosis of brain vessels.These include high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, still life, stress, old age, heredity, diabetes.Many of them are interrelated.

Treatment Treatment of atherosclerosis of brain vessels, usually complex and is divided into several areas - elimination of risk factors, drug therapy and surgical intervention.

To reduce the risk of the consequences of cerebral arteriosclerosis, the patient must give up foods that contain cholesterol, increase the amount of vitamin C and vitamin B2, give up smoking and alcohol, as far as possible to normalize the weight and move more.

As pharmacological treatment of atherosclerosis of the brain can be used vasodilator drugs: statins, simvastatin, Cerebrolysin, iodine preparations, lecithin, antioxidants and vitamin complexes.

When atherosclerosis of brain vessels comes to the stage of clogged arteries, are appointed by surgery to remove atherosclerotic plaques - carotid endarterectomy, removal and reimplantation or prosthetic vessels.As an alternative procedure used balloon angioplasty with stenting under local anesthesia.

Prevention brain atherosclerosis

most effective means of preventing atherosclerosis brain - diet, avoiding harmful habits and an active lifestyle.People predisposed to the disease would be helpful to eliminate foods that contain cholesterol, replacing animal fats with vegetable, to include in the diet of dairy products, lean meat, vegetables and fruits.You should restrict salt intake, fatty, sweet and fried food.

The diet will be useful to include products such as seaweed, beans, cauliflower, nuts, raisins, eggplant, quince, grapefruit, ripe cherry and watermelon.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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