Arteriosclerosis - types , symptoms, treatment


1. Origin

2. Development Mechanism

3. symptoms of atherosclerosis

4. Cerebral atherosclerosis and

5. treatment of atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis - is a systemic disease that affects the large shell of the great arteries, and is accompanied by the deposition of cholesterol and lipoproteins in the vessel walls.In most cases the pathological process affecting the brain, kidney, lower limbs, and coronary vessels.Atherosclerosis affects 75% of men and 38% of women aged 35 years and to 60 years of age or that there are signs of atherosclerosis in 80% of people.

The article focuses on the causes of the disease, and the nature of the flow of obliterating atherosclerosis and cerebral form of the disease.


Normally, the internal surface of the arteries even, smooth and shiny.However, the combination of certain pathological factors and shows the plaques - round or oval cholesterol deposits that narrow the lumen of the vessel and impede blood flow.This condition is ca

lled atherosclerosis.Scientists divide the risk factors predisposing to atherosclerosis, promote and provoke.

Predisposing factors from us practically independent.This genetic predisposition, gender (men are sick atherosclerosis more often women), age, character traits (for example, to the disease are more prone to ambitious and motivated people, because they are less resistance to stress).

on factors that contribute to atherosclerosis, we can affect, adjusting lifestyle.This lipid disorders, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, glucose dysregulation, physical inactivity.All of these factors can be eliminated, leading a healthy lifestyle and having passed the course of treatment of atherosclerosis.

Precipitating factors cause damage to the vessel wall and start the process of accumulation of cholesterol plaques.Above all, this stress and smoking.

Development Mechanism

Arteriosclerosis goes through several stages and eventually leads to the destruction of the walls of arteries.The initial stage of the disease - the formation of lipid spots, when the artery walls are impregnated with molecules of fat, are asymptomatic.In diabetes, hypertension and obesity, accelerated phase, and proceeds to the next - the formation of fibrous plaques.At this stage, the lipid stains become inflamed, leading to degradation of fat mass deposited in the artery wall and connective tissue ingrowth.This forms a fibrous plaque - build-up, which narrows the lumen of the vessel.

next stage - is complicated by the formation of plaques.During this period, there are symptoms of atherosclerosis.Further development of the pathological process can lead to plaque rupture, the formation of a blood clot or bleeding at the base of the fibrous plaque.In the case of plaque rupture particles shattered walls are carried through the bloodstream throughout the body and can cause blockage of the smaller vessels.Atherosclerosis Treatment at this stage of development requires a long time, and strong medications.

thrombus formation occurs at the site of plaque rupture.A blood clot can completely block the vessel and stop the blood flow to the area located below.The consequences of thrombotic events include stroke, heart attacks and gangrene of the lower extremity.Hemorrhage into the base fibrous plaque causes the plaque surface that protrudes into the vessel, greatly penalized blood circulation and leads to myocardial infarction or stroke.

All these stages of atherosclerosis take a long time, sometimes for decades.Risk factors can accelerate the progression of the disease, but medication and operative treatment methods - slow it down.

symptoms of atherosclerosis

the early stages of atherosclerosis occurs without external symptoms and can be discovered by chance during the examination of the patient.The first symptoms of atherosclerosis found at the time when the disease takes a serious nature.The manifestation of certain features depends on what kind of vessels affected.

main symptoms of aortic atherosclerosis - high blood pressure and hypertension.Patients with complain of weakness and pain in the hands, feeling squeezed esophagus, pain in the chest and back.

cerebral atherosclerosis symptoms may be headache, dizziness and tinnitus.If rapid change in body position or turning the head the patient may even faint.This type of disease is dangerous for stroke.

If it affects the coronary arteries to atherosclerosis symptoms may include pain in the heart, which can occur after a heart attack, as well as cardio.

When the disease affects the vessels of the abdomen, the patient complains of pain in the upper abdomen, especially after eating, to bloating, constipation, and belching.Renal artery atherosclerosis manifests itself in the form of high blood pressure and renal failure.

main symptoms of lower limb atherosclerosis - the pain in the legs when walking and loads, intermittent claudication, coldness of feet, pale skin, red spots show through on it.

Cerebral atherosclerosis and

Cerebral atherosclerosis affects the vessels of the brain.This is one of the most common forms of the disease, which affects 10% of the world population, mostly people over 50 years.Cerebral atherosclerosis feature lies in that its symptoms are frequently associated with typical signs of aging.In particular, deteriorating short-term memory and concentration, mental disorders occur.

In fact, in cerebral vascular atherosclerosis occurs pathological process that violates brain function.However, timely treatment can prevent some of the consequences, and some to avoid.Cerebral atherosclerosis is the danger that may develop as a result of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, and both life-threatening condition.

arteriosclerosis obliterans, as well as cerebral, affects 10% of the population over 65 years.This form of the disease affects the lower limbs.The symptoms of atherosclerosis obliterating forms include fatigue and pain in the calf muscles, coldness and numbness of the feet, the difference in temperature between the sick and the healthy leg, increased pain at night.

the later stages of atherosclerotic lesions appear non-healing wounds, trophic ulcers in the foot or lower leg and, finally, developing gangrene.Atherosclerosis develops mainly in men.Often the disease is associated with factors such as smoking, obesity, diabetes, sedentary lifestyle.But the main factor leading to the development of atherosclerotic lesions - is smoking.


atherosclerosis Methods of treatment of atherosclerosis obliterans, and cerebral type can be divided into drug and non-drug correction, as well as surgical methods.

- Non-pharmacological correction.This method of correction lifestyle and nutrition, which includes a set of measures aimed at addressing the risk factors.For such an atherosclerosis prevention and treatment methods include quitting smoking, alcohol, fried and fatty foods, meat, atherosclerotic diet feasible exercise, maintaining a psychological comfort, and weight loss.

- Drug therapy.Method of treatment of atherosclerosis involves measures for correction of blood pressure, metabolic syndrome and diabetes, as well as normalizing lipid metabolism.In this case, in the treatment of atherosclerosis prescribers preventing cholesterol absorption, cholesterol-lowering and triglyceride synthesis liver, drugs that increase the catabolism and excretion of atherogenic lipoproteins and lipids, as well as a maintenance therapy agent.

- Surgical correction.The method of treatment of atherosclerosis, which involves the removal of arterial plaque or straightening via open surgery or minimally invasive techniques.The choice of the type of surgery depends on the localization of the disease.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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