Anorexia - causes, symptoms, treatments


1. clinical picture and symptoms

2. Anorexia nervosa

3. Treatment of anorexia

Anorexia - a serious illness, which is characterized by a conscious rejection of thefood, prolonged lack of appetite and disappearance of basic instinct - hunger.Today there are several types of anorexia: mental, primary children, drug, mental and nervous painful.

main instigators of anorexia are: metabolic disorders, prolonged use of diuretics, receiving and herbal medicines (which reduces appetite), informed use of laxatives substances.

clinical picture and symptoms

Most people who suffer from anorexia are observed following pathological signs:

  • urgent need to lose weight, since there is a fear of the possibility of stout.
  • Anorexia patients never admit their problem of instant weight loss.
  • human conviction that he is obese and needs to lose weight quickly.
  • Very often sick after meals artificially cause at the gag reflex.
  • Violation in food consumption methods (decrease servings, divide
    the food into pieces, snacking on the go, and so on.).
  • false interpretation of his own body (anorexia patients are sure that they reach the highest weight of numbers, though, in fact - the real weight is in the normal range or below it).
  • increased interest in collecting recipes, vegetarian approval, interest in diets, cooking a variety of dishes for the whole family, but not for himself.
  • increased fascination with physical and gymnastic exercises to exhaustion.
  • Conscious abstinence from food.
  • Communication with loved ones minimized.
  • pale skin.
  • Unjustified resentment, irritability, aggression, anger, sadness, and so on.

In addition, in patients developing a number of serious health problems that lead to a significant deterioration of the general condition of patients.The main symptoms of anorexia are:

  • Endocrine Disorders (men - decreased libido, and for women - amenorrhea).
  • General weakness and a constant feeling of cold.
  • Insomnia and frequent depression.
  • heart arrhythmia.
  • spasmodic muscle pain.
  • lack of appetite and drastic weight loss.

In medical practice, there are three stages of anorexia:

  • Dismorfofobicheskaya stage (denial of high-calorie food, depression, constant weighing, the fear of being mocked by friends and relatives, a false picture of its entirety).
  • Dismorfomanicheskaya step (a strong belief in the need to lose weight, a serious dependence on diuretics and laxatives, artificial induction of vomiting, fasting secret passion for active, 100% confidence in its entirety).
  • cachectic stage (reduction of gastric acidity, a complete lack of appetite, the appearance of signs of degeneration, low body temperature and blood pressure, slow heart rate, loss of 50% of body weight, the development of gastritis and many other co-morbidities).

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa - a serious mental illness, the hallmark of which is to reduce the obsession with weight, abstinence from food, as well as the presence of a pronounced fear of stout.Usually, anorexia nervosa affects young women and girls who have low self-esteem.


order to form the nervous anorexia syndrome formed, requires a number of biological and social prerequisites.The main role in the emergence of this disease play exogenous hazard during early childhood, hereditary factor, microsocial factors, personality traits, stress, depression, and aversion to food.

In addition, there are risk factors that trigger the appearance of anorexia nervosa.These include:

  • type of person who is in the development of this disease (pedantic and meticulous people who constantly have high demands and to others, and to yourself).
  • increased interest in different ways of losing weight and diets, excessive feelings of their own weight.
  • Psychological trauma (such as rape, the loss of a loved one, and so on.).
  • Living in an environment where the "reigns" obsession with the ideal parameters and beauty.

Key signs and symptoms of anorexia

As a rule, patients with anorexia nervous character are starting to worry about overweight (despite the fact that they are so thin) and try to limit yourself to eating.A prerequisite for such a state, often is distorted perception of their body.

Medical experts identify several key features of the development of the disease:

  • Anorexia patients countless hours paid Food: are studying caloric food, addicted to diet, delicious meals for a treat loved ones, but they refuse to participate in the meal, apologizing that theynot hungry or have recently eaten.
  • In 50% of patients progressed constant feeling of hunger, which they eliminate large portions of food.After the meal, the person quickly removes food from the body, resorting to vomiting reflex.
  • Very often in patients with anorexia lose interest in sex.
  • Another symptom of anorexia nervous character is a hormonal imbalance that contributes to the cessation of the menstrual cycle.
  • People suffering from anorexia nervosa, pay much attention to physical exercise, retain the mobility and activity.
  • Also, the symptoms of anorexia include: lowering blood pressure and body temperature, interruptions in the functioning of the heart muscle, flatulence (bloating), constipation, constant discomfort in the abdomen, and so on.

consequences of anorexia nervosa

If untreated, anorexia leads to serious complications that result can be fatal.These effects include:

  • Lack of calcium (bone fractures, thinning and brittle nails).
  • Esophagitis (inflammation of the mucous layer of the esophagus) and the destruction of tooth enamel (due to the acidity of the stomach).
  • Mental disorders (inability to concentrate, depression, depression).These symptoms of anorexia are often provoke suicide.
  • functioning of the endocrine system disorders (fatigue, infertility, amenorrhea, lack of sexual desire, and so on.).
  • Violation of the heart (arrhythmia, bradycardia, dizziness, brief loss of consciousness, low blood pressure).This complication is the most common cause of death among patients with anorexia nervosa.

Treatment of anorexia

Depending on the extent and form of the disease is selected treatment for anorexia.Usually this disease therapy is carried out under the strict supervision of medical staff in the institution.

Treatment of anorexia is to normalize body weight, restoring the balance of electrolytes and fluids, psychological therapy.

normalization of body weight is performed gradually (from 500 g to 1500 g per week).Also, the patient is assigned to an individual diet containing the required nutrients.

Drug treatment of anorexia is all kinds of medical preparations that eliminate the complications of the disease.

Psychotherapy (behavioral and family) when this illness is the most important component of the treatment, as it allows the patient to look at ourselves.The duration of this therapy depends on the patient.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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