1. clinical picture and symptoms
2. Anorexia nervosa
3. Treatment of anorexia
Anorexia - a serious illness, which is characterized by a conscious rejection of thefood, prolonged lack of appetite and disappearance of basic instinct - hunger.Today there are several types of anorexia: mental, primary children, drug, mental and nervous painful.
main instigators of anorexia are: metabolic disorders, prolonged use of diuretics, receiving and herbal medicines (which reduces appetite), informed use of laxatives substances.
Most people who suffer from anorexia are observed following pathological signs:
In addition, in patients developing a number of serious health problems that lead to a significant deterioration of the general condition of patients.The main symptoms of anorexia are:
In medical practice, there are three stages of anorexia:
Anorexia nervosa - a serious mental illness, the hallmark of which is to reduce the obsession with weight, abstinence from food, as well as the presence of a pronounced fear of stout.Usually, anorexia nervosa affects young women and girls who have low self-esteem.
order to form the nervous anorexia syndrome formed, requires a number of biological and social prerequisites.The main role in the emergence of this disease play exogenous hazard during early childhood, hereditary factor, microsocial factors, personality traits, stress, depression, and aversion to food.
In addition, there are risk factors that trigger the appearance of anorexia nervosa.These include:
Key signs and symptoms of anorexia
As a rule, patients with anorexia nervous character are starting to worry about overweight (despite the fact that they are so thin) and try to limit yourself to eating.A prerequisite for such a state, often is distorted perception of their body.
Medical experts identify several key features of the development of the disease:
consequences of anorexia nervosa
If untreated, anorexia leads to serious complications that result can be fatal.These effects include:
Depending on the extent and form of the disease is selected treatment for anorexia.Usually this disease therapy is carried out under the strict supervision of medical staff in the institution.
Treatment of anorexia is to normalize body weight, restoring the balance of electrolytes and fluids, psychological therapy.
normalization of body weight is performed gradually (from 500 g to 1500 g per week).Also, the patient is assigned to an individual diet containing the required nutrients.
Drug treatment of anorexia is all kinds of medical preparations that eliminate the complications of the disease.
Psychotherapy (behavioral and family) when this illness is the most important component of the treatment, as it allows the patient to look at ourselves.The duration of this therapy depends on the patient.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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