1. main symptoms of Arnold Chiari anomaly
2. Complications and consequences of the disease
3. Treatment of anomalies Arnold Chiari
anomaly Arnold Chiari- a violation of brain development, in which part of the skull that contains the cerebellum, deformed or too little.This leads to compression of the brain and serious consequences.Tonsils, or the lowest part of the cerebellum, are shifted to the upper part of the spinal canal.If the indentation of the cerebellum into the spinal canal is a violation of the normal outflow of CSF, the function of which is to protect the spinal cord and brain.This prevents the normal circulation of CSF blockade provokes signals or accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the spinal cord and brain.
anomaly Arnold Chiari often discovered by chance during the implementation of the diagnostic procedures for suspected some other disease.The incidence is between three to eight people per hundred thousand population.As for the causes of this disease, th
In the presence of this disease, as a rule, there are some of the following clinical manifestations:
more difficult for Arnold Chiari syndrome is characterized by the following symptoms:
Hydrocephalus.The excess fluid that accumulates in the brain, requires the placement of a flexible tube (shunt) to drain the spinal fluid in some other part of the body.
paralysis.Usually paralysis occur while squeezing the spinal cord.They may persist even after the surgery.
Syringomyelia.At times, patients who suffer from Arnold Chiari anomaly develops a pathological process in which there is abnormal spinal cavity or cyst.After the formation of this cavity quickly fills with fluid, which leads to violations of the spinal cord function.
Treatment of the disease depends on the severity and the patient's condition.If the symptoms are not severe, doctors as a treatment for Arnold Chiari anomaly prescribed monitoring with regular inspections.The primary clinical signs (eg, severe headache) are eliminated with the help of painkillers.Sometimes people with this disease brings significant relief from anti-inflammatory agents.Acceptance of these drugs can delay or even prevent surgical intervention.
most effective and most common method of treatment is surgery.The main goal of surgery for anomaly Arnold Chiari is to stabilize symptoms and stop progression of pathological changes in the structure of the brain and spine.A positive result of a successful outcome of surgery - a reduction of cerebellar and spinal pressure, restoration of normal outflow of cerebrospinal fluid.
most common operation for anomalies Arnold Chiari is kranioektomiya or decompression of the posterior fossa.When such operations are removed small pieces of bone (from the back of the skull), thereby reducing the pressure due to provide more space for the brain.This surgery takes one to two hours.With regard to the recovery period, it generally does not exceed weeks.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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