14 April

Causes, symptoms, extent , treatment of anemia

Contents:

1. Causes of anemia

2. Symptoms of anemia

3. Asymptomatic disease

4. degrees of anemia

5. disease diagnosis

6. Treatment of anemia

anemia or anemia - a disease that develops as a result of reduction in blood levels of red blood cells - red cells functionally full.

Anemia occurs due to various reasons, accompanied by a number of diseases, often visiting their symptoms.Quantification of anemia - reducing the degree of concentration of hemoglobin, the pigment of red blood cells containing iron and imparts red color of blood.

The following discussion focuses on the causes of anemia, the degree of the disease, particularly of anemia in children.The article deals with modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of anemia.

Causes of anemia

There are many causes of anemia.All of them are divided into the following main groups.

1.Development disease as a result of significant blood loss.Reducing the level of red blood cells may be due to bleeding.Often bleeding is dev

eloped for a long time, while remaining undetected.Bleeding caused by the following reasons:

  • gastrointestinal disease - ulcers, gastritis, cancer, hemorrhoids;
  • childbirth and menstruation in women, especially in cases of multiple births, and heavy menstrual periods;
  • conservative therapy with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Motrin, Aspirin.

2.Prichina anemia - insufficient production of red blood cells.In this case, in the body or produced insufficient number of erythrocytes or are defective functioning.Most often, such a condition due to deficiency of trace elements and vitamins required to produce normal amounts of erythrocytes and their quality work.

3.Prichinoy anemia is often iron deficiency in the body, in this case we speak of iron deficiency anemia.Bone marrow needs hemoglobin to deliver oxygen to the organs.Iron deficiency in the body prevents generation of sufficient amounts of hemoglobin, which leads to the development of iron deficiency anemia.Most often develop iron deficiency anemia in children.

4.Esche one cause of anemia may be deficient in folate and vitamin B12.These trace elements are involved in the formation of erythrocytes.

common cause of anemia in children are worm infestation.

Symptoms of anemia

Experts identify general and specific symptoms of anemia.Common symptoms of anemia include the following:

  • shortness of varying severity;
  • rapid pulse;
  • lowering blood pressure;
  • pale coloring of the skin and mucous tissues;
  • constantly increasing fatigue;
  • malaise, weakness;
  • whistling, ringing in the ears;
  • lack of appetite;
  • frequent insomnia;
  • memory loss, difficulty concentrating.

main symptom of internal bleeding is sudden dryness in the mouth.

When bleeding in the gastrointestinal organs of the patient often increases the overall temperature of the body, there are signs of intoxication, the blood found in the urine.

Asymptomatic disease

In many cases, the symptoms of anemia not manifest itself.Detect the disease only at a laboratory blood studies.

Specific symptoms of anemia indicate a certain type of the disease.

signs of megaloblastic anemia (with a deficit of vitamin B12 and folic acid) are such manifestations:

- numbness or tingling in hands or feet;

- the appearance of shaky gait;

- decreased performance and intellectual activity.

Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia forms may be as follows:

- the desire to eat inedible things - chalk, ground;

- cracked lips skin, language;

- sometimes shaped concave nails;

- painful inflammation of the corners of his mouth.

hemolytic anemia (destruction of red blood cells is accelerated), characterized by the development of jaundice, increase in spleen size.Another symptom of hemolytic anemia nature is dark urine.This occurs as a result of entering the blood large amounts of bilirubin (product breakdown of hemoglobin), which is excreted in the urine.

first symptoms of anemia in children are loss of appetite, lethargy, fatigue.Parents are important to notice similar symptoms - in this case, the treatment of anemia in children will be less time-consuming and complicated.

degrees of anemia

There are three degrees of anemia, to accurately set each of which is possible by means of a blood test.

first degree of anemia - easy.It is characterized by a slight decrease in hemoglobin in the blood.The indicator of hemoglobin in this stage for women is 90-110 g / l for men - 100-120 g / l.In most cases the patient does not yet experience any symptoms of the disease.He may feel malaise, weakness, fatigue.

second degree of anemia - the average.Indicators of hemoglobin are reduced to 70-90 g / l in females and 80-100 g / l in men.The patient has frequent headaches, dizziness, due to poor oxygen supply of brain tissue.With this degree of anemia in the person often appears shortness of breath, heart palpitations, pain in the heart.

third degree of anemia - severe.It occurs at a value of less than 70 g Hb / l.At this stage, the disease is changing the structure of the nails, hair fall out, the skin becomes dry and scaly.In humans, numb limbs, distorted taste and smell.

Diagnostics

disease to select the correct method for the treatment of anemia is important to determine its type and the cause of development.The main method of diagnosis of this disease is the study of the patient's blood.The blood test includes the following studies:

  • hemoglobin level in the blood, the size, number, amount of red blood cells;
  • definition ferritin levels (protein, which included iron accumulates in tissues) and iron in the blood;
  • determining the concentration of folic acid and vitamin B12 in the blood;
  • establishment of specific causes of anemia - insufficient production of hemoglobin, blood clotting problems or fermentation, the fragility of red blood cells, red blood cells in the immune attack.

If you suspect that anemia, which is caused by internal bleeding, the patient is prescribed tests for determining the erythrocyte degradation products in blood and urine.

In cases of emergency, the patient to take the study of bone marrow sample.

Treatment of anemia Treatment of anemia is primarily aimed at eliminating the causes that caused the disease.If the disease has evolved as a result of internal bleeding, the underlying disease being treated.And after or simultaneously with the main therapy is carried out treatment of anemia.

With a lack of iron or folic acid deficiency anemia is treated in the introduction of the trace elements with special drugs.

In the case of acute illness or urgent need to restore the amount of hemoglobin and blood volume, the patient is prescribed a blood transfusion.

great importance in the treatment of anemia is subject to the special diet.The patient need to eat large amounts of protein and vitamins, while limiting the amount of fat in the diet.The main food must be beef, liver, nuts, pomegranate, milk.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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