renal angiomyolipoma - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment


1. renal angiomyolipoma reasons

2. Symptoms of the disease

3. treatment of disease

Angiomyolipoma is a type of benign tumor that consists of muscle andadipose tissue, epithelial cells and transformed vessels.The malignant form is almost reborn.

Angiomyolipoma mainly affects the kidneys, but can be localized in the adrenal glands and the pancreas.It should be noted that in the world recorded a rare skin angiomyolipoma facts appearing on the fingers and toes and on the ears.This tumor was seen mainly in males aged about 54 years.Regarding

angiomyolipoma kidney, then it is often of small size, it is not accompanied by a pronounced manifestations and is detected in most cases in conventional medical examination.However, this does not always happen.If the tumor grows and reaches a large size, it can burst.In such a situation there is quite a strong pain in the lower back, abdomen, groin, caused by bleeding from damaged vessels.It is dangerous to health and even life-threateni

ng situation peritonitis, or hemorrhagic shock.

kidney Agiomiolipoma diagnosed more often in women than in men, because the formation of this type of tumor occurs faster in the presence of a large number of female hormones (estrogen, progesterone).

renal angiomyolipoma reasons

kidney Angiomyolipoma is hereditary and acquired (sporadic).Congenital tumors appear at a genetically transmitted disease Burnevilya-Prina (tuberous sclerosis).They normally occur in large numbers and affect both kidneys.This type of neoplasm is found in 10% of cases.

have sporadic, the most common form of renal angiomyolipoma reasons for the appearance may be different.All modern urology are still unknown.The main causes of renal angiomyolipoma is considered:

  • Pathology and kidney disease;
  • Other tumors in the kidney;
  • hereditary predisposition;
  • Pregnancy.

Pregnancy - one of the leading causes of renal angiomyolipoma.This fact is explained by the fact that the body of women during gestation increases the production of progesterone and estrogen, provoking the development of tumors.

Symptoms of the disease

Most people with angiomyolipoma tumors are very small in size.Their presence is completely transparent and has almost no effect on the general state of health of the person.

Then when angiomyolipoma grows to a decent amount of the patient's condition may deteriorate.Symptoms, causes the kidney to suspect the presence of such tumors are:

  • Prolonged pulling and aching pain in the abdomen and lumbar spine;
  • Frequent and significant differences in blood pressure;
  • well palpable, sometimes painful swelling in the lumbar region;
  • Blood in the urine;
  • blanching of the skin;
  • weakness.

If these symptoms appear, you should consult a physician and urologist, since the delay in the treatment of a large angiomyolipoma can lead to very serious complications.The survey includes ultrasound, angiography, general urine and blood samples, blood chemistry, magnetic resonance and computer tomography, X-ray.

Then, when there is suspicion of tumor transformation to malignancy, for histological and cytological study of renal biopsy done.

Based on all these experts received diagnose and pick the best treatment option angiomyolipoma.


disease patients with small tumors do not affect the general condition of the patient, and without an increase in trends angiomyolipoma treatment is not required.Patients just need to be registered as a urologist and make regular ultrasound and CT.If the tumor begins to grow, no specific health measures are not taken.

angiomyolipoma treatment becomes necessary when it is either increasing or already has considerable dimensions.It is surgery.In the absence of bleeding and cancer cells in the tumor nephrectomy is performed, which resulted in the tumor is removed together with the kidney section.Now, instead of resection began to practice a new way of operation - enucleation, allowing the body to maintain almost intact.

If angiomyolipoma volume reaches threatening or is a malignant, do nephrectomy - complete removal of the affected kidney and adjacent tissues.This method is used for surgical treatment angiomyolipoma only in extreme cases since it is fraught with side effects, and has a plurality of contra-indications.Today, we begin to implement a more gentle way to fight cancer pathology kidney - krioblatsiyu.Its essence lies in the destruction of cancer cells by cooling them to a temperature of - 35 C?.Krioblatsiyu made through punctures, cuts or by laparoscopy.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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