Angina - Causes, Symptoms , treatment , antibiotics


1. The causes and forms of the disease

2. Symptoms of angina

3. Diagnosis and treatment of angina

4. purulent tonsillitis in children

angina - acute bacterial tonsillitis (tonsillitis) caused mainly pyogenic streptococci germs (80%).

causes and forms of the disease

disease occurs when bacteria enter (usually streptococci) in the nasopharynx.Usually, they get there by airborne droplets from a sick person.Sometimes a sore throat caused by his own germs that live in the lacunae of the tonsils and after certain factors, provoked decreased immunity (hypothermia, transferred SARS, stress, fatigue), are beginning to multiply.From time to time the process is repeated.This is called chronic angina that is not quite correct: such recurrent exacerbation of chronic tonsillitis should be called.

Distinguish bluetongue, follicular, lacunar, fibrinous, abscess, herpes and necrotizing form of the disease.Angina is accompanied by a purulent exudate in the tonsils and purulent touch t

hem, for this reason, people use the term "purulent tonsillitis."All of the above forms of the disease are purulent.Only with bluetongue angina, which is most easily tolerated by man, in some cases, are not visually observed ulcers and purulent exudate.

Generally, the words imply its purulent tonsillitis and lacunary follicular forms that occur most frequently and which are inherent in classical angina symptoms.

fibrinous form is characterized by severe general condition of the patient, in addition pronounced the classic symptoms of angina are present signs of brain damage.Other forms of the disease (abscess, herpes, ulcer-necrotic) are relatively rare.

Symptoms of angina

first symptoms of angina are developing rapidly.Sharply increased temperature (up to 38 - 40 ° C), inflamed tonsils, manifested an increase in their size and redness.After some time on the tonsils, a white or yellowish coating.The classic symptom of angina, regardless of its type - a pain in the throat, she can wear a poorly defined or what happens in most cases, quite abrupt

Palpation of the regional lymph nodes significantly their significant (or insignificant) increase.There are common signs of intoxication: weakness, dizziness, nausea, sometimes vomiting, headache, sweating.Purulent tonsillitis in children provokes excessive salivation.

important not to confuse purulent angina with acute respiratory viral infections (ARI).In most cases, sore throat indicates the presence of SARS, but not about angina.SARS is a viral origin, purulent tonsillitis - bacterial, this is their fundamental difference.

exactly distinguish angina from SARS could the doctor to which to appeal at the first sign of the disease.But every person needs to know, especially if children are present that symptoms such as cough, runny nose, conjunctivitis (sometimes) not typical for angina, these are signs of viral infection and not bacterial.However, the sore throat is a symptom of angina and symptoms of SARS.

Diagnosis and treatment of angina

diagnose the disease usually is not difficult.This requires only a high quality made by CBC.

Do you need antibiotics for sore throat?This question is of interest to many people.Yes, antibiotics for sore throat, as well as for any other disease caused by a bacterial infection, are needed.But only after I put the correct diagnosis and ruled out the likelihood of SARS.Sometimes doctors diagnosed "a viral sore throat" that is not quite correct, since, roughly speaking, it is a manifestation of acute respiratory viral infections and for the treatment of diseases such antibiotics are not required.

purulent tonsillitis therapy should start on time, as it is not cured or not dolechennoe disease can cause serious complications in the future.

Proper treatment of angina typically includes the following actions:

1. The use of antibiotics.To carry out the correct choice of antibiotic only a doctor can angina.Typically, doctors prescribe: oxacillin, amoxicillin, tsifran, macrofoams, penicillin, cefazolin and other means.

2. The use of sulfonamides.A classic sulfa drugs has long been a Biseptolum and its analogs.

3. The use of fever-reducing medications.With antipyretic purpose is usually assigned aspirin, paracetamol, ibuprofen, etc.

4. Use of antihistamines (allergy) preparations.This condition is required in case of an allergic component present.

5. Local treatment:

  • gargling (solution of hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, sodium and salt, decoction of chamomile and sage, etc.);
  • use of antiseptics (Lisobakt, Septifril, Strepsils, Faringosept, etc.);
  • use sprays (Bioparox, Ingalipt, Proposol, Kameton etc.)

6. Of course, do not forget about the strict bed rest, warm fluids and a healthy vitamin and food.

Local treatment of angina takes a supporting role, it is time to remove some part of angina symptoms but not cure the disease.As practice shows, in most cases, a single use of antibiotics for sore throat is enough to cure it.

angina treatment should take place under the supervision of a physician, whose main task - to choose the right antibiotic.In today's time the most effective and affordable antibiotics for sore throat are penicillin group preparations.

purulent tonsillitis in children

purulent tonsillitis in children - is a rare disease, despite the belief of most parents, it is not so.In 90% of cases, when parents believe that the child has a sore throat, it's just a SARS.The child up to 1 year (sometimes up to six months), angina can not be, in principle, since it is only growing, and almond shaped.

principal difference in matters of treatment of sore throats in children and adults do not have.Naturally, some drugs, including antibiotics, are suitable for adults, children are contraindicated, but today's medicine offers a great variety of so-called "light" antibiotics and other agents for the treatment of angina in children.

tonsils (glands) in the body perform the role of a filter, but it also drives and hotbeds of infection.Many parents are interested in the question whether to remove tonsils child.Very often, the opinions of doctors on this issue are diametrically opposed.According to the data of the treatment protocol for removal of tonsils there are indications, if one of three conditions:

  • angina after complications arose;
  • large tonsils and stick together, that does not give the child breathe, sleep, eat;
  • angina occurs more frequently than 4 times a year (this is a sore throat, but not SARS) as a result of which requires more often than 4 times a year, the use of antibiotics.

Treat treat sore throats seriously and, most importantly, do not confuse it with SARS.Seek treatment from a competent doctor.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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