12 August

Anaphylaxis and Allergy - Causes, Symptoms , Treatment


1. allergy and anaphylaxis: peculiarities of

2. Symptoms of anaphylaxis

3. Treatment

Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially dangerous human reaction to the actionspecific allergen.The most threatening condition - is anaphylactic shock, in which the patient can even be fatal.Therefore, at the first sign of it is necessary to provide emergency medical assistance to the patient.

allergy and anaphylaxis: peculiarities of

Anaphylaxis and allergy - is, in fact, one and the same, only Anaphylaxis is an allergic reaction of immediate type.This means that after exposure of the body to the allergen, the reaction occurs immediately, and the consequences can be extremely serious.And in the case of allergy symptoms do not appear so quickly and painfully.

Anaphylaxis both immediate type allergy in some cases it may be a couple of minutes after the reaction to the allergen.

Symptoms of anaphylaxis

main symptoms of anaphylaxis are pronounced local reaction, stabbing pain, skin r

edness, swelling, severe itching, which is spreading rapidly throughout the body.

In the case of a food allergy are the first signs of nausea, vomiting, severe abdominal pain, swelling of the mouth cavity and larynx.After that you may experience wheezing when breathing, laryngospasm, bronchospasm and hypoxia.

Usually during anaphylaxis occurs swelling and hives, falls sharply blood pressure, heart strays work (it decreases erratically and worse pumping blood), one begins to fade or turn blue.

Anaphylactic shock develops very quickly and can cause a person's death within minutes.

Thus, the symptoms of anaphylaxis are:

  • swelling;
  • cough, difficulty in swallowing;
  • itchy skin;
  • palpitations;
  • itchy eyes and redness;
  • Throbbing in the ears;
  • abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting;
  • hyperemia (redness) of the skin;
  • shortness of breath and wheezing;
  • angioedema (swelling of the skin).

By forms of anaphylaxis, which are more common, include food, drug and allergy to insect stings.

Very often cause anaphylaxis are foods such as nuts, shellfish, egg whites, dairy products, sesame.In addition, they are often cases of this reaction to the stings of wasps and bees.Pollen and other allergens that are airborne, rarely provoke anaphylaxis.

Some substances can cause anaphylactoid reactions, which is similar to anaphylactic, but different mechanisms of occurrence.Anaphylactoid reaction often causes some drugs, such as penicillin.

Anaphylaxis has symptoms and signs of this reaction (swelling, pallor, nausea, vomiting, and others) will be immediately noticeable.In the case of their occurrence can not linger, but should immediately seek medical attention.


Sometimes, in order to identify an allergy is recommended by skin allergy tests (in small doses into the body are introduced potential allergens), but the test is prohibited in the event that there are reasons a person to believe that a particular allergen can cause anaphylactic shock.

only one remedy is effective when anaphylaxis - is an injection of epinephrine (adrenaline artificial).The injection is usually done in the thigh by a special device.

After epinephrine anaphylaxis symptoms usually disappear.But if the reaction is not stopped, the patient must be delivered to the intensive care unit to assist him CPR and other measures aimed at restoring his life.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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