Anal fissure - symptoms, treatment , surgery


1. reasons

2. symptoms of anal fissure

3. Classification

4. Diagnostics

5. treatment of anal fissure

6. treatment of anal fissure folk remedies

anal fissure - a defect of the skin mucosa anal canal, which occurs spontaneously and is linear or elliptical in nature.The disease affects women more often in young and middle age.The crack is shaped like a slot that has smooth, straight edge.The bottom of her acts sphincter muscle of the anus.

Over time, there is coating the edges, bottom crack granulation, having a fibrous plaque.Long-term course of the disease is accompanied by fusion of the connective tissue on the edges, it is observed as a result of trophic changes.In the outer and inner edge portions may be observed excess tissue, so-called bumps anal.They are dangerous because they can cause the development of fibrous polyp.


Arise anal fissures can be for many reasons.Most often the disease develops as a result of mechanical, vascular disorders, chang

es prianalnogo epithelium and others. An anal fissure is formed in most cases due to mucosal injury solid stool.The cause of the disease may be trauma, which are deposited by foreign objects contained in the stool, or bodies introduced into the anal canal.

emergence of anal fissure may occur due to the transfer of patients of diseases such as colitis, enterocolitis, proctosigmoiditis, hemorrhoids.In 70% of cases the illness is combined with diseases of the upper gastrointestinal tract of a chronic nature, among which are cholecystitis, gastritis, ulcer.Also, there is a high percentage of the combination of disease with hemorrhoids.

symptoms of anal fissure

The disease is accompanied by stimulation of the nerve endings of the mucous.Long-term course of the disease causes a spasm of the anal sphincter, which comes after a bowel movement.Testing of pain the patient can for several hours and until the next bowel movement.This symptom anal fissure as a spasm, it prevents healing.

Symptoms of anal fissures appear in the following order:

  • emergence of pain in the anus during or after bowel movements.
  • spasm of the anal sphincter.
  • Slight bleeding during bowel movements.

Typically, painful sensations that occur during bowel movements, characteristic of acute fractures, pain after her talk about the chronic nature of the cracks.The pain causes patients to defecate with longer intervals, which entails the occurrence of constipation.

presence of bleeding is the result of injury to the walls during defecation.Profuse bleeding indicates a combination of the disease with the development of hemorrhoids, tumors, etc.


There are two types of cracks:. Acute and chronic.

at the crack of acute type is a constant, severe pain that is felt during bowel movements and after it for 20 minutes.The spasm of the sphincter is pronounced bleeding - minimum.

If untreated, an anal fissure can be observed it becomes chronic.In this case, there is a seal, a thickening of the edges, the origin of scarring, the formation of connective tissue at the edges of polypoid thickening.The pain is prolonged, intensified after defecation.Patients appear symptom stuloboyazni that entails receiving laxatives, enemas.


identify disease allows inspection of the anus specialist.Raising walls of a doctor can detect a crack.In some cases, apply digital research, which is aimed at identifying the spasm of the sphincter.

There are also instrumental methods, including anorexia or rigid sigmoidoscopy.Perform procedures usually after surgery anal fissure and its healing, the patient before discharge.

treatment of anal fissure

Typically, treatment of anal fissure primarily involves the removal of pain, spasm of the sphincter.Later already taken steps to heal the fracture.

In 70% of cases of positive results observed in patients with strict adherence to drug treatment regimens in combination with proper nutrition, exercise, hygiene compliance, maintenance of the correct way of life.An important role in achieving a positive result is due to a balanced diet.It is recommended that the admission of bitter, salty, spicy food, and alcohol.Eat beets, figs, apricots, dairy products, cooked cabbage, carrots.

chronic nature of the disease with medication futility schemes require radical treatment - surgery anal fissure.Depending on certain factors of anal fissure surgery is performed under local anesthesia.

treatment of anal fissure folk remedies

effective treatments for anal fissure are folk remedies following:

  • Reception seating baths with the addition of infusion of oak bark.The infusion is prepared as follows: Pour 2 liters of water a handful of oak bark and boil for 15 minutes, drain.The resulting infusion is added to the bath.
  • 1 tablespoon of calendula flowers, one tablespoon wheat bran pour 0.5 liters of water, boil 15 minutes, drain.Infusion used for applications with gauze or trays.
  • 2 tablespoons of dried nettle pour a glass of boiling water.Ingest as tea.This will reduce the irritation of the intestinal mucosa.
  • The patient is recommended to lubricate the area of ​​the soft part of the aloe leaf.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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