Androgenic alopecia , diffuse alopecia and its treatment


1. Causes of diffuse alopecia

2. reasons for alopecia areata

3. reasons androgenic alopecia

4. reasons for alopecia areata

5. treatments

6. Recommendations

alopecia - a disease accompanied by abnormal hair loss and leading to partial or complete baldness of the scalp or body.Alopecia is characterized by both men and women.Often the disease can develop in childhood on the background of atopy.

Causes of diffuse alopecia

Diffuse alopecia - a disease which is characterized by an even loss of hair over the entire surface of the scalp, in both men and women.There is a disease resulting from a violation of the hair due to any adverse effects on the body.

Among the main causes of diffuse alopecia can be identified genetic predisposition, expressed at a high enough level or dihydrotestosterone receptor hypersensitivity to this hormone in the hair follicles.Reduced function of the hair follicles, as well as the gradual loss of hair due to an excess of dihydrotestostero

ne in the body.

In addition, diffuse alopecia can occur due to the presence of chronic infection in the body, because of the emotional strain and stress, as well as due to the influence of chemicals.In many cases, diffuse alopecia is caused by disorders of the endocrine system (thyroid, adrenal, ovaries).

reasons for alopecia areata

Alopecia areata - a disease characterized by loss of hair in certain areas of the scalp.To date, reliable data on the causes of alopecia areata are absent.However, the most likely explanation of the disease is the theory of the autoimmune destruction of the hair follicle.In alopecia areata usually prescribed local and systemic corticosteroids.

reasons androgenic alopecia

Androgenic alopecia - a disease in which excessive hair loss is marked by the impact of male hormones on the cells of hair follicles.The disease is characterized by both men and women.

Among the most common causes of androgenic alopecia can be isolated polycystic ovaries, ovarian hyperplasia, proliferation of adrenal cortex, pituitary hyperplasia and carcinoid.Furthermore, androgenic alopecia may result from the use of such drugs as danazol, adrenocorticotropic hormone, testosterone, anabolic steroids, progesterone.

Causes of alopecia areata Alopecia areata

- acquired disease characterized by loss of hair in certain areas, forming subsequently rounded pockets of various sizes.The disease can develop on the scalp, eyebrows, beard.Alopecia areata is not accompanied by scarring.

distinctive feature of alopecia areata is the ability to merge gradually foci, which can lead to complete baldness.It should be noted that the hair located at the edges of lesions, are easily pulled out.To date, the exact causes of alopecia areata are not installed.


treatment of diffuse alopecia is the use of drugs based on finasteride, which blocks the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, and minoxidil that can activate biochemical reactions and improve the capillary circulation due to the opening of potassium channels.

often used to treat alopecia preparations based on zinc, which has an anti-androgenic effect.It should be noted that the drug should be taken with extreme caution, so as to achieve the desired effect, as a rule, are assigned a high enough dose.B vitamins also play an important role in the treatment of alopecia.

Treatment of alopecia areata is based on drug therapy, physical therapy, as well as different methods of hair transplantation.In order to maximize the treatment of alopecia passed successfully, before starting it is recommended to undergo a full clinical examination in order to determine the most appropriate therapy.

If you lose 50% of hair with alopecia areata appoint local agents for external use, containing in its composition corticosteroids.In some cases, prescribe long-acting injectable corticosteroids for intradermal administration.Physiotherapy in this case is to modify the ultraviolet irradiation.

If the hair loss is more than 50%, the treatment of alopecia is receiving corticosteroids.It should be noted that in some cases corticosteroids alopecia after treatment over time may come complete baldness.

In the treatment of androgenic alopecia designate 2% minoxidil topical solution, which should be consumed within 12 months.40% of the patients after the treatment the hair growth recovery point.There is an alternative method of treatment of alopecia, which is surgery.

Typically, alopecia areata runs alone for three years, but there is a possibility of relapse.In the treatment of alopecia prescribed anti-anxiety drugs, irritating rubbing alcohol, drugs that enhance the sensitivity to light in combination with UV radiation or hormone drugs for local use.It should be noted that the total form of the disease do not regenerate hair.


In order to minimize the risk of baldness, you should not wash your hair frequently, roughly combing hair, especially when they are wet.Hair recommended to dry naturally, as a result of using a hair drier head is heated, resulting in deteriorated power of roots.It is also recommended to use special medicated shampoos and occasionally doing head massage.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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