Allergy - types , shapes , symptoms, treatments


1. Causes

2. Allergy symptoms

3. allergy skin

4. allergy in children

5. Food allergies

6. allergy Treatment

allergy - a type of immune response, which occurs as a result of damage to tissues and organs.This may be due to hypersensitivity of the immune system to certain substances that are allergens for this particular organism and is absolutely harmless to other people.According to WHO estimates, more than 50% of the inhabitants of large cities are experiencing an allergic reaction, not without reason called the XXI century "the century of allergies."


This issue is currently still in the research phase, but scientists can already identify the main reasons for this distorted body's reaction:

  • heredity, predisposition transmission from parents to children (10% -70%).
  • Exposure to frequent infections.
  • isolation from society, increased sterility living conditions.
  • Polluted environment.
  • Failure of internal organs.

Thus, in humans, carefully watching o

ver the purity of their homes, avoid direct contact with nature, living in the city in an environmentally contaminated area, much more likely manifestations of allergies than rural residents.

Allergy symptoms

Symptoms of allergies are divided into local and general:

  • Allergy symptoms related to a common group, manifested fever, chills, lethargy or excessive excitability man also patient noted decreased blood pressure, pale skin, dizziness.Most often, these symptoms of allergy occur in severe allergic diseases, such as angioedema or anaphylactic shock.
  • For local allergy symptoms are typical reactions from the gastrointestinal tract, the bronchial tree, the mucous nasopharynx, often appears on skin allergy in the form of a point of redness.

At one and the same patient may experience both types of allergy symptoms, both general and local.


skin is the most common form of manifestation of the disease.Allergy skin manifests itself in the form of redness, itching sensation, dryness and burning, as well as increased sensitivity to cold, sunlight and so on. Sami lesions appear as papules and are similar to blisters.

When visual inspection can be noted on the skin allergies, rashes that sharply separated from the other skin, they may merge, move, appearing with the passage of time on one, then on another area of ​​skin.

The most common examples of allergy on the skin can be called allergic contact dermatitis and atopic dermatitis.

Allergies in children

It is worth noting that the allergy affects both children and adults, and some types of allergic reactions can be congenital in nature.Allergies in children has a number of distinctive features.The first is to tell about the most common and powerful allergens that cause allergies in the child.

In the age group of children up to 5 years the leading position occupied by food allergens, the most significant of which - milk, fish, eggs and nuts.Children over the age of five suffer from allergens usually home group, in particular dust, animal hair.It is also common in children of this age and reaction to pollen allergens.Let us consider in more detail the causes and symptoms of food allergy.

Food allergies

Food allergies - a kind of allergic reaction caused by the consumption of certain foods.It can occur on hereditary factors as a result of antibiotic treatment, and in patients suffering from dysbiosis.The symptoms of food allergy are felt almost immediately after ingestion of the allergen, in some cases, the body's reaction comes after a few hours or even a day later.Therefore, for the determination of food allergy in the child's need to introduce new products at intervals of a few days, watching the reaction of the organism.

most striking symptoms of food allergy are:

- reaction from the gastrointestinal tract: vomiting, pain, constipation or loose stools;

- pruritus, urticaria, angioedema;

- respiratory failure, dyspnea.

Treatment of food allergy is performed by complete elimination of the product-allergen from the diet, and if such is not known, remove the most common food allergens.Along the way, the doctor performs a specific desensitization, dosed in the patient's diet food allergen, and gradually increasing the dose.It is used as medical treatment according to the rules described below.

Allergy Treatment

In the treatment of allergies may be involved several groups of drugs, their combination is allowed.It is important for the manifestation of allergies do not self-medicate, so how to choose the right scheme effective treatment can only physician, while the self often leads to aggravation of the situation.

today in the treatment of allergy medications used the following groups:

1. Antihistamines:. Tsetrin, Claritin, Aerius, Zyrtec, Telfast, etc., are taken once a day for 7 days.

2. Derivative kromoglitsievoy acid in the form of eye drops, sprays, aerosols: kromogeksal, Kromoglin, Tayled etc. prescribed for pulmonary reactions..

3. Glucocorticosteroids - strong local use preparations in the form of tablets or injections to the overall impact.They are used to relieve acute or long-term holding treat allergic reactions.

4. leukotriene receptor antagonists: Singulair (tablets).

5. The sorbents used for removing allergens from the active body and are effective in the skin allergies.These include: Enterosgel, Filtrum, activated carbon, etc. Laktofiltrum

6. Specific therapy..The aim of the ITA therapy is to create immunity of the organism to an allergen.-; Physiotherapy


following methods can be listed among the alternative or auxiliary methods of allergy treatment

- plasmapheresis;

- salt chamber or pressure chamber;

- intravenous laser irradiation of blood;

- numerous folk remedies.

Early treatment of allergy on the recommendations of a qualified physician and care about their health will help get rid of the allergic reactions and associated hassles.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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