Acne - Causes , treatment , national treatment of the disease


1. Causes Acne

2. clinical picture

3. Traditional treatment

4. Acne Treatment folk remedies

Acne from the Greekάκμή - a skin disease caused by increased secretion of sebum on the one hand, and the activation of coccal flora on the other.In acne has many names - acne, acne vulgaris, acne.But it is expressed in the blockage and inflammation of the sebaceous glands, which outwardly manifests as nodules and spots on the skin.For 25 years this disease in one way or another carry up to 80% of young people.And in 30% of cases of acne requires serious medical treatment.Whatever it was, even a mild form of acne - a cosmetic defect, which is able to reduce self-esteem, depression and trigger a whole complicates adaptation of young people in the social environment.

Causes Acne

main causes that trigger acne, can be divided into three main groups - heredity, hormonal imbalance, as well as the negative impact of external and internal factors.

Hereditary predisposition - frequent

reason acne in men.Heredity is responsible for the intensity of the sebaceous glands, sebaceous sensitivity to hormone receptors.If a hereditary predisposition acne symptoms can occur even when the analysis on hormones shows no deviation from the norm, because the sebaceous glands are not adequately respond to normal levels of sex hormones.

hormonal imbalance - the most common cause of acne, in most cases it develops during puberty and extends to 25-30 years.For hormone-provocateurs acne are testosterone digidrosteron, dehydroepiandrosterone, insulin-like growth factor 1. Often acne is observed in the later period.For example, in adults it may be due to polycystic ovary syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, menopause.

to external and internal factors may include stress activates the adrenal glands, overactive sebaceous glands, the action of microorganisms, skin damage leading to inflammation.Acne may cause reception anabolic steroids, administration of drugs, which include fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, lithium, and barbiturates, exposure to high doses of chlorine and Acne mite activity.

clinical picture

Acne is localized where are located the largest sebaceous glands - usually on the face, sometimes on the upper half of the chest and back.The inflammatory process occurs at the base of acne elements, spreading, it melts the local tissue to form pus, then purulent vial is opened, is exempt from the content, it dries up to form crusts.After go crust, can be deep, angular, giving the skin a wavy structure or even keloid scars.

There are four types of acne elements: open and closed comedones, pustules and nodules.Open comedones - the ones that clog the hair follicle, and externally similar to the dark "cap" on the surface of the skin pores, they are called "black eel".Closed comedones and whiteheads are formed by filling the hair follicle sebum, but closed the mouth of the follicle.Pustules or pustules are nodular elevations on the skin filled with pus.Finally, components or deep acne - a cyst, which are formed by rupture of the follicle and which after healing scars remain on the skin.

As the extent of damage are distinguished mild, moderate and severe acne.The mild form of missing components, but there are small scattered areas of inflamed, blackheads and pustules, after which there remains a scar.In moderate form of acne there are many nodules and pustules and comedones can be seen quite clearly.In severe forms of acne there are all the elements with a lot of nodal lesions, this form of acne requires serious medical treatment.

Traditional treatment

Acne treatment depends on the severity of the disease, but in any case, requires long-term therapy in several ways: normalization of removing dead skin cells, antibiotic therapy, the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, the elimination of the negative hormonal factors.Depending on the cause and severity of the disease, one or more treatment methods can be used:

- Peeling.The procedure for removing the outer layers of the skin using natural abrasives, solid or liquid such as a scrub, a chemical abrasive, such as salicylic or glycolic acid.

- Local microbicides.Used to treat acne in an easy manner.These include benzoyl peroxide and triclosan.

- Local antibiotics.For the treatment of acne in severe forms of erythromycin are used, clindamycin, stiemitsin and tetracycline antibiotics, including combination therapies.

- Perroralnye antibiotics.In some cases, the doctor prescribes erythromycin, trimethoprim and tetracycline antibiotics series.

- Depending on the patient's hormonal endocrinologist can prescribe drugs estrogen and progestogen, cyproterone, spironolactone and kontizon injections.

- Retinoids.Vitamin A derivatives affect cell cycle life, reduced strength and elasticity of the stratum corneum, and peeling of dead normal epithelial cells.

- Phototherapy.Acne Treatment with a neodymium laser is used to sterilize the local inflammatory lesions.

- Leather Shoe.To remove pimples and blackheads used mechanical and ultrasonic cleaning of the skin, through which removes accumulations of sebum and dead skin flakes.

- Microcurrent therapy.Cosmetic procedure aimed at eliminating the effects of acne, which improves blood and lymph circulation and improves skin texture and complexion.

Acne Treatment folk remedies

not necessary to hope that the treatment of the disease folk remedies without finding out the exact causes of the disease will bring a perfect result.But traditional medicine can be a good addition to the primary therapy.What can you do at home?

for acne treatment folk remedies widely used recipe of chamomile and calendula.To do this, you need to take herbs in equal proportions, pour boiling water and infuse for 10 minutes.The resulting slurry is applied to the face for 20 minutes and then wash off.

Acne Treatment folk remedies can be performed by using compresses of chamomile and calendula, yarrow, oak bark, birch leaves or series.Of all the plants can be cooked broth at the rate of a tablespoon of raw material to a glass of boiling water.Within 10 minutes of broth infused, and then it is moistened gauze or a sterile bandage, which is applied on the face for 10 minutes.

Another effective prescription acne treatment folk remedies - a mask of honey and cinnamon.The spoon of honey mixed flower spoon of ground cinnamon, then the mixture is applied to the seat cluster eels.The most convenient way to apply the mass before going to sleep and in the morning wash off the mask.

even more effective mixture - on the basis of aloe and honey.For its preparation will need large leaves of aloe, previously placed in the freezer for a week.Prepared in the gruel leaves pulverized and mixed with an equal amount of the May or buckwheat honey and kept at room temperature for one day.The mixture is take a tablespoon on an empty stomach in the morning and before bedtime with water.


This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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