1. Kinds and types of edentulous
3. Diagnostics adentia
In this disease demonstrated a partialor no teeth.
Experts distinguish primary and secondary adentia.
In primary adentia missing teeth is an innate character that most often caused by the complete absence of their germs.Symptoms of this form of edentulous can change the skin (premature aging, lack of hair) or the mucous membranes (excessive dryness and pallor).The cause of primary adentia often impossible.Absorption tooth primordia can occur when toxic effects on the mouth or in the presence of inflammatory processes.In some cases, primary edentia can be caused by hereditary and endocrine abnormalities.
second type of the disease is more common.Secondary edentia expressed full or partial loss of teeth or their germs.In this case, the cause of the disease can be tooth decay (running) or injury.
Depending on the number of missing teeth distinguish between f
When fully edentulous noted the complete absence of teeth, which is often a congenital defect.
most common causes of partial edentulous are complications that occur in advanced caries - periodontitis, periodontitis (gum disease in the roots of teeth) and pulpitis (inflammation of the dental pulp-pulp).
According to statistics, about 75% of the world population suffer from partial edentulous.
Clinic of the disease depends on whether it is complete or partial.When fully edentulous marked a serious deformation of the facial skeleton, which in turn leads to impaired speech, defective biting and chewing food.This in turn becomes a cause of a number of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract as a normal diet is broken.
addition when fully edentulous is a violation of the normal functioning of the temporomandibular joint.
edentulous children and adults affects the psychological status and social adaptation, which in turn can lead to mental disorders.
Primary edentulous in children is relatively rare and is considered a serious illness.Its cause often are irregularities in the process of fetal development.In secondary
fully edentulous in children initially present teeth, but over time, is their complete loss.The reason for its development can serve as caries, periodontitis (infection of the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth), or surgical removal of teeth (for cancer).
initial symptoms fully edentulous secondary character is the effacement of hard tissue of teeth, then there are painful when closing the teeth or when exposed to thermal / chemical stimuli.
diagnose this disease is quite simple.The first examination is carried out of the mouth by a dentist, in which marked the complete or partial absence of teeth.
then necessary to X-ray examination of the upper and lower jaw.This procedure is obligatory for suspected primary adentia because it can help to determine the complete absence of germs of milk or permanent teeth.Additionally
diagnosis of the disease involves a panoramic radiographic procedure that enables to determine the structure of bone and teeth themselves.
Currently, the main treatment is edentulous prosthesis (orthopedic treatment), which in turn can be carried out using both removable and fixed prosthesis.
There are a number of factors, in which the immediate denture is impossible:
- the presence of unremoved roots hidden mucosa;
- the presence of exostoses (bone tumors, towering above its surface);
- previously transferred tumor / inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa or lining of her disease.
complete elimination of these factors is required in these cases to the prosthesis.
Prosthesis with edentulous children (with milk bite) may only be 3-4 years.It should be noted that even when the specified age, jaw pressure prosthesis child may lead to significant delays its growth.
adentia Treatment with non-removable prosthesis requires pre-implantation that in the future will consolidate them prostheses.Applicable in this case implants can be either temporary or permanent.
the treatment of edentulous adults by a full prosthesis, the following complications:
- an allergic reaction to the polymer and dyes used in the manufacture of artificial limbs;
- prosthetic stomatitis;
- insufficient fixation of prostheses caused by atrophy of the jaw body.
most commonly in the treatment of this disease forecasts favorable, regardless of being diagnosed complete or partial edentia.Timely treatment specialist will return to the familiar and full of life.
This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.
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