8 April

Treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma , uterus , rectum

Contents:

1. Adenocarcinoma of the uterus

2. Stomach cancer

3. Adenocarcinoma rectum

Adenocarcinoma - a malignant tumor (cancer), which consists ofglandular tissue, which is part of the epithelial tissue.Such tumors can form in many tissues of the human body.Diagnosis adenocarcinoma, usually driven by the place of their localization (colon, stomach, lung, rectum, uterus, and so on.).The main method of treating cancer is considered to be surgery.According to the testimony of the doctor, surgery may be combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

Adenocarcinoma of the uterus

Because malignant tumors of female sexual sphere is most common adenocarcinoma of the uterus (endometrial cancer), which is formed from the inner layer of the uterus.Basically, endometrial cancer occurs in women aged 50-65 years (menopause).At the present time are four stages of uterine cancer, each of which thanks to modern medicine to treat.

Today there are many risk factors for endometrial cancer: diabetes,

obesity, high levels of the female hormone (estrogen) levels, late menopause, hypertension, genetic predisposition, infertility and long-term (over five years) treatment of breast cancer drugTamoxifen.

Symptoms of uterine adenocarcinoma:

  • Constant pain aching.
  • Heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding in women who have not entered menopause.
  • Uterine bleeding occurring at menopause (after a long pause).
  • Increasing the size of the stomach (in the later stages).

main methods of diagnosing adenocarcinoma of the uterus are ultrasound of the pelvic organs, gynecological examination, hysteroscopy with endometrial biopsy and diagnostic curettage of the uterus.

With regard to the treatment of endometrial cancer, it depends on the stage of the pathological process.In the first stage of the disease and the uterus removed appendages.In the second stage of uterine adenocarcinoma in addition to removing the uterus and its appendages also remove surrounding lymph nodes (which may have impressed metastases).Later stages of cancer of the uterus are treated by irradiation or chemotherapy.In drug treatment, the following drugs: cisplatin, carboplatin, doxorubicin, and so on.

Stomach cancer

cancer (adenocarcinoma), stomach never occurs to healthy soil.His education is always preceded by a variety of diseases, which are called precancerous.The main causes of gastric adenocarcinoma are:

  • Infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (especially at a young age).
  • Gastrectomy (surgical removal of the stomach), gastritis, pernicious anemia.
  • Hereditary factors.
  • Eating foods that contain a high percentage of nitrites or nitrates.
  • Low fruit and vegetable intake.
  • Smoked, cooked over a fire, marinated and pickled products also constitute a high risk for the occurrence of gastric cancer.

Clinical signs of gastric adenocarcinoma:

  • loss of weight and appetite.
  • epigastric pain.
  • gastric discomfort.
  • weakness and fatigue.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • difficulty in swallowing.
  • Regurgitation, heartburn, increased flatulence.
  • Bloating.
  • Psychic depression.
  • Pale skin.
  • dryness and skin laxity.
  • Black chair.
  • Anemia due to gastrointestinal bleeding and so forth.

Symptoms of gastric adenocarcinoma diverse and extremely complex.Clinical signs can be divided into two groups: general and local nature.Complaints of the patients dependent on a malignant tumor and the stage of its development.In the early stages, patients may not notice any symptoms, but over time the clinical picture becomes pronounced.

diagnosis of stomach cancer involves physical examination, history, stool tests, gastroscopy, X-rays and blood tests.

Today, the most effective and the only treatment for gastric adenocarcinoma is surgical intervention.During the operation, part of the stomach is removed (sometimes the entire body), nearby lymph nodes, and spleen, and pancreas (if there is a suspicion that the tumor has spread to these areas).

Adenocarcinoma rectum

Rectal cancer today ranks third among cancers of the gastrointestinal tract.Of boys suffer from this disease more often than women.Rectal Adenocarcinoma develops above the sphincter, mainly in the pelvic section (in the ampoule of the rectum).Tumor may metastasize to the liver, and fat in the small intestine as well as in various other internal organs.

clinical picture and symptoms of the disease manifest themselves as follows: growing malignancy causes irritation in the rectum of the intestine are mucus, congestion which provokes frequent desires.Patients suffer from tenesmus.Over time, the tumor becomes ulcerated, leading to the isolation of disintegrated tissue, pus and blood.Purulent discharge in the future become ihoroznym and smelly.

Also with rectal adenocarcinoma patients there is a wrong passage of stool and difficulty in defecation.During such periods, patients complain of pain, swelling and heaviness in the lower abdomen.Diarrhea alternating with constipation.Sometimes there is a partial or complete obstruction.In addition, the growing fatigue, health disorder, insomnia, weakness, paleness and loss of appetite.

cachexia phenomenon occur at later stages of adenocarcinoma of the rectum.Also, due to loss of blood increases anemic syndrome.Patients plagued by foul-smelling discharge from the rectum and tenesmus.Metastases further complicate serious condition of patients.Ignoring the treatment (or by its ineffectiveness), death occurs within one to two years.

Surgical treatment can only be carried out in the absence of metastases.Radical surgery is resection (removal of certain parts) of the rectum or anus leaving amputation (complete removal of the rectum and anus).

Surgery for adenocarcinoma of the rectum is a very complex procedure, which is now due to improvements in technology has significantly reduced mortality rate.

Attention!

This article is available exclusively in the educational purposes and is not research material or professional medical advice.

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