Depending on the main manifestations are two basic types of disorders: endocrine and metabolic syndrome and oftalmonevrologicheskie manifestations.
most often due to excessive synthesis of pituitary hormones and damage to tissue adjacent to the tumor.Sometimes predominant symptoms caused by excessive activation of the organs of the target (for example, tireotropinomah possible manifestations of hyperthyroidism, when kortikotropinomy - symptoms of pituitary - Cushing).
indicate the direct impact (pressure) to the following structures adenoma.
often say spontaneous cure with hormonally active tumors prolaktinome.Usually this is due to changes in hormonal levels, and often occurs after delivery, although during pregnancy may increase the tumor.
symptoms of pituitary adenomas may also be intratumoral hemorrhage - a serious, but not life-threatening complications, manifested by sudden severe headache and visual impairment.
Another complication pituitary adenoma - acceleration of tumor growth under the influence of adverse factors such as stress, stroke, acute infectious diseases, etc.The most serious complications include malignancy and metastasis (more inherent kortikotropinomy).
Other types of complications are more associated with hormonal disorders in target organs (thyroid gland, adrenal glands, gonads, etc.) and their effects.
Simpotomy pituitary adenoma in women:
frequent acne and propensity to hypertrichosis (excessive body hair).Possible oily seborrhea of the scalp and obesity.Oftalmonevrologicheskie violations occur even with small amounts of tumor.
In men, in addition to galactorrhea, may develop the following symptoms of pituitary adenoma:
oftalmonevrologicheskih appearance of disorders in men indicates the presence of a tumor, which appeared beyond the sella.
If the tumor has started to develop in childhood or adolescence, is the development of gigantism or acromegaly (increased soft tissue mainly projecting body parts - nose, chin, fingers, limbs, etc.).
At the same time children and adults may develop obesity, hyperplasia of the thyroid gland, diabetes, decreased performance.Often there is increased sweating, the occurrence of skin warts, papillomas, excessive greasiness of the skin.
later develop neurological symptoms (polyneuropathy, sensory disorders in the limbs) and visual impairment.
These rare pituitary adenoma accompanied by manifestations of pituitary - Cushing.They can ozlokachestvlyatsya, metastasize and accompanied by severe metabolic and hormonal levels, changes in skin pigmentation, as well as mental disorders.Neurologic and ophthalmologic disorders are rare.
rare tumors that can become a cause of both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.They can be accompanied by hypoplasia of gonads in case of disease in childhood and adolescence.Adults can galactorrhea, visual impairment and neurological symptoms.
In identifying pituitary adenomas in the early stages, accurate diagnosis of the type of hormonal disorders and adequate therapy, emerged into adulthood, a favorable prognosis.
If pituitary adenoma originated in childhood, and her treatment began in adulthood, the prognosis is less favorable, but some of the manifestations of the disease may be irreversible.