This may require a lung transplant

lung transplant patient is sometimes the only means of salvation.

People with severe lung disease transplant can restore normal breathing and many years of life.However, not all patients who have shown an operation transplant can be done.Before you offer it, doctors need to find out how the patient is suitable for transplantation.

This may require a lung transplant

Most people with severe, end-stage lung disease can be considered as candidates for lung transplant.Treatments are available for patients who may die without such surgery.In addition, lung transplantation is indicated in patients whose state of health does not allow to lead a normal life.

most common lung disease, which is the main treatment for transplant:

  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (emphysema and chronic bronchitis);
  • idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis;
  • cystic fibrosis;
  • idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Indications for transplantation in patients with these diseases are different.For example, in emphysema requ

ire replacement lung tissue destroyed long smoking history, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis lung tissue needs to be filled, extruded abnormal fibrous tissue.If the patient's age exceeds 65 years, the decision to lung transplantation can cause a number of doubts.

Preparation for lung transplantation

decision on the lung transplant usually takes a long time.First, the doctor refers the patient to the regional transplant center, where specialists gather information about the patient in person.It may take several weeks or even months.

In addition to information about the state of health of the lungs and the whole body doctors need information about the patient's family.It is also important to assess the degree of social support, financial position and psychological stability.

Before the operation, it is necessary to conduct a series of specialized studies:

  • study of respiratory function;
  • heart test with a load;
  • assessment of bone mineral density;
  • chest X-ray;
  • computed tomography of the chest;
  • analysis of kidney and liver function;
  • complete blood count;
  • analysis on blood group and antibodies for comparison to the potential donor organs.

Doctors do not recommend carrying out lung transplants, if there are significant damages the heart, liver or kidney disease, if the patient is abusing alcohol or drugs in the patient's history, if it is acute or chronic infection, cancer.In addition, patients continue to smoke may not qualify for a donor organ.

After the expert committee decides that the patient can make a lung transplant, he gets on a waiting list for a transplant.

place on this list is determined by a number of indicators, based on how long a patient can live without a lung transplant and what the forecast expects the patient after the operation.The most promising candidates are considered in the first place.

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