Lung transplantation : the operation and its forecast

Lung transplantation : the operation and its forecast
operation for lung transplant has serious risks and is fraught with complications.

Once compatible with the patient's tissue donor organ becomes available for the doctor, the patient is invited to the transplant center to prepare for the operation.

Doctors are studying the state of the lung tissue of the donor died, to make sure that they are suitable for transplantation.If all goes well, the operation begins immediately.

How is lung transplant operation

lung transplant may be full (double) and part is determined by the size of the affected area.Both options operations have their drawbacks, it depends on the type of disease, and many other factors.

surgeon makes a large incision of the chest, which varies depending on the type of operation.It may be unilateral or bilateral - across the whole width of the chest (for double transplant).

patient does not feel anything, because it is under general anesthesia.Some people connect the artificial heart at the time of surgery to ensure adequate blood f

low to the body.

Rehabilitation after lung transplantation

not a standard period of time needed for the rehabilitation of patients after surgery, it is determined by the individual parameters.One patient can leave the hospital in a week, others take months to restore.On average, this period is 15-20 days after transplantation.

All this time the patient has to undergo a number of procedures in order to achieve long-term success.These include:

  • regular physical therapy and rehabilitation exercises;
  • theoretical lessons, to correct lifestyle after surgery;
  • examination and medical check-ups;
  • lung function tests, chest X-rays, blood tests and other diagnostic procedures.

Many transplant centers offer temporary housing near the hospital for patients and their families, to simplify visits to doctors.

prognosis for lung transplant

lung transplant returns the ability to lead an active life.Recovering from surgery, over 80% of people indicated that they have no limitations on physical activity.40% of those surviving five years or more after the surgery, continue to operate.

Nevertheless, there may be some complications after the surgery.The immune system may attack the transplanted lung tissue as foreign.Therefore, patients assigned strong immunnosupressornaya therapy.Such treatment can cause the kidneys work, makes the patient susceptible to infections, increases the chances of developing diabetes.

long-term survival of patients with lung transplant is not as high as in the kidney and liver transplants.Nevertheless, more than 80% survive one year after transplantation, three years, this percentage decreases to 55 at the time of transplantation Age is the most important factor affecting the survival after lung transplantation.

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