What is laryngitis

Laryngitis - inflammation of the larynx, including the vocal cords.This condition is manifested hoarseness or complete loss of voice.

Laryngitis may occur short-term or long-term, if it is chronic.The most common laryngitis is acute and of short duration, the symptoms disappear within two weeks from the onset of inflammation.

If hoarseness persists for more than 14 days, the disease becomes chronic.This is a serious reason to see a doctor, because the cause of the inflammation can be a serious pathology.

causes of laryngitis

  • cold or flu (most common cause);
  • izhoga, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (this type of laryngitis is also called reflux laryngitis);
  • overstrain the vocal cords, for example during prolonged singing or screaming fans at a sporting event;
  • irritation, eg due to allergies and smoking.

most common cause of chronic laryngitis is heartburn.However, chronic laryngitis can be caused by more serious problems, such as nerve damage, ulcers, polyps or nodules on the v

ocal cords.

vocal cords - vibrating structure located inside the larynx, through which the voice is formed.Some hoarseness may occur naturally in older persons as ligaments over time thinning and weakening.

Symptoms of laryngitis

main symptom of laryngitis - hoarseness.The voice may be raspy, hoarse or disappear completely.Other symptoms may include dry or sore throat, cough, and difficulty swallowing.

If symptoms pronounced, it may indicate inflammation of the epiglottis - epiglottitis.In adult epiglottitis it is also possible, but more often it develops in children.

child who complains of severe pain in the throat, salivation, and difficulty breathing, you must show the audiologist to rule out or confirm an inflammation of the epiglottis and urgently prescribe treatment.

How to diagnose laryngitis

doctor may diagnose "laryngitis" during the inspection of the nose, throat and larynx of the patient based on the presence of inflammation and deposits on the vocal cords.In laryngitis may also indicate a sore neck palpation.The doctor asks the patient a series of questions, the answer to which is better to prepare in advance, for example, when he began to vanish voice and tied if his loss with any disease.

After anamnesis and examination, the doctor will be able to determine an acute disease (prone to self-healing) or is chronic (in this case, treatment is indicated).

If the therapist can not determine the cause of the loss of voice, persisting for more than two weeks, he directs the patient to consult an audiologist.With special mirror specialist will be able to precisely examine the state of the vocal cords and make a correct diagnosis.

How to treat

The most common laryngitis treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis, ie at home.It is necessary to give the vocal cords relax, talk less, humidify the air in the building using sprays or humidifiers, drink plenty of fluids.There should be no smoking (including passive).

Treatment of chronic laryngitis requires a different approach.If the cause of the disease - incorrectly delivered speech or vocals, ENT recommends retraining the patient to vote correctly formed.This is sure to help deal with inflammation.

If the cause of chronic laryngitis become ulcers or polyps, it is necessary to remove them.

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