Ankylosing spondylitis

Causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of ankylosing spondylitis.

Ankylosing spondylitis - a chronic form of arthritis, which most commonly affects the spine.This type of arthritis can cause pain and decreased mobility of the middle of the back, waist, buttocks, neck, and sometimes other parts of the body such as the thighs, chest or feet.

Also in these areas can occur swelling and limitation of movement.The disease is more common in men.

There is no cure, allowing fully recover from the disease, but can be contained manifestations of the disease and in most cases to prevent deterioration of its flow.Many people are able to lead a normal life and work.

This disease can cause other problems.There may be pain in the iris of the eye (iritis), the development of respiratory problems as well as the upper part of the body begins to bend, and the chest wall becomes less elastic.

Causes of ankylosing spondylitis

The cause is unknown, but the disease can be inherited.Most people suffering from ankyl

osing spondylitis are born with a certain antigen (HLA-B27), but the presence of this antigen is not yet evidence of propensity to disease.

The research results suggest that bacterial infections and environmental factors play a significant role in the development of the disease.

Symptoms

characterized by complaints of pain in the lower back and buttocks moderate or severe degrees of severity, especially in the early morning.They gradually decrease in the course of physical activity.Ankylosing spondylitis is developing mainly in the period from adolescence to 30 years.

Over time, the disease gets worse, as fused vertebrae, the spine loses its flexibility.There are restrictions in the movements of the neck and lower back, which fade physiological bends.The middle part of the back is curved outwards.Body position tilted forward complicate walking.

When the joints connecting the ribs and collarbone to the sternum, inflamed, it becomes difficult to breathe.Sometimes the disease affects the eyes, lungs, heart valves, gastrointestinal tract, and the aorta.

How to diagnose ankylosing spondylitis

An early sign of this disease becomes a dull ache in the lower back and buttocks.The physician should clarify whether the symptoms are exacerbated with time, whether relatives of the patient suffering diseases of the joints.

In case of suspicion of ankylosing spondylitis doctor may prescribe the following studies: an X-ray analysis for the presence of HLA-B27 antigen, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the sacroiliac joint.

The most obvious sign of the disease - change in the sacroiliac joints.To change was clearly visible on x-ray, should be many years from disease onset.For this reason, doctors may confidently diagnose symptoms only after a long time.

Treatment of ankylosing spondylitis

Treatment includes exercise.They will help ease joint stiffness, resulting in up and it will be easier to turn.Also, use drugs, relieving pain and swelling.

Since people suffering from ankylosing spondylitis are at risk of spinal cord injury, they must wear a seat belt while riding in a car.

necessary to undergo regular eye examination for possible inflammation (iritis).It is possible to use a cane when walking to reduce the load on the joints.

Sometimes there is a need for a surgical procedure on the spine.If the hip or knee arthritis severely struck, it may be necessary to replace it with an artificial one.

from this disease can not be cured completely.However, early diagnosis and treatment can help ease the pain and remove the limitations in the movements that will be active for a long time.

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