What is high cholesterol in children.High cholesterol in children .

which means high cholesterol
Causes, diagnosis and prevention of high blood cholesterol in children.What is high cholesterol?

Let's see, that means high cholesterol in children.High cholesterol leads to the formation of cholesterol plaques on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart and other organs.over time, plaques can narrow the lumen of the arteries thereby blocking the flow of blood to the heart.This leads to various heart diseases such as myocardial infarction.

What does high cholesterol in children

High cholesterol in children is due to three factors:

  • heredity;
  • power;
  • obesity.

In most cases, the parents of these children are also high cholesterol.

How to identify

excessive amount of cholesterol in the child's parents are set not only a matter that is high cholesterol in children, but also as its identify.The cholesterol content in school-age child can be checked with a simple blood test.There are a number of recommendations for cholesterol screening in children.

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Screening is recommended for children with a family history that there have been cases high cholesterol or blood lipids and early cardiovascular system (under the age of 55 years for men and 65years for women).

Screening also shows children are overweight (body mass index greater than 30) and the other risk factors such as smoking, diabetes or hypertension.

first screening is preferably carried out at the age of not earlier than two, but not later than ten years.If the analysis on lipid profile is normal, the child should be examined again in three to five years.

children with overweight and high in lipids and low levels of "good" cholesterol (HDL) as the primary treatment recommended weight control, implying a balanced diet and increasing physical activity.

children eight years and older with very high cholesterol (or with high cholesterol, a family history who have early cardiovascular disease) shows medication.

How to lower cholesterol in a child

So, did you know that high cholesterol is a child, and how to define it.Now is the time to learn how to reduce it.The most effective treatment for elevated cholesterol rates is a complex consisting of diet and exercise.This program often involve the whole family.It recommends the following rules.

  • Eat foods low in total fat, saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol.The total amount of fat in a child's diet should not exceed 30% of the total number of calories consumed per day.This rule does not apply to children under two years.The amount of saturated fat should be less than 10% of the total number of calories consumed per day, while the trans fat should be as limited.For children who are in high risk groups, the amount of saturated fat to be limited to 7% of the total number of calories consumed per day, and cholesterol - 200 mg per day.
  • diversify the menu.The child must receive all the necessary nutrients.
  • Exercise regularly.Exercise in the open air, such as cycling, running, walking or swimming, can help increase the HDL content and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Examples healthy baby diet with a high content of cholesterol

  • For breakfast: fruit, cereal, oatmeal and yogurt.Better to use skim or 1 percent milk than whole or 2 percent (after two years or at the doctor's recommendations).
  • for lunch and dinner: baked or grilled or steamed dishes (instead of fried).It is desirable to use whole wheat bread.It is also possible to apply to the soup croutons of rye bread.On the second recommend beans, rice, fish, chicken without the skin, and other dishes.Table for dinner be sure to serve fresh fruit (not peeled).
  • At lunch: fruit, vegetables and bread.It is not recommended to drink sweet sodas.

main treatment for children with high cholesterol is the control of body weight and a balanced diet.However, some children older than eight years old in need of medical treatment.From pharmacological agents used means lowering the concentration of cholesterol - statins.

High cholesterol in children should be monitored periodically during a diet change or appointment of (changing) drug.

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