Currently there are drugs for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and some other progressive dementias.
Despite the fact that these drugs do not stop the progression of the disease or restore brain damage caused, they can relieve the symptoms and slow progression of the disease.
Scientists check the effectiveness of drugs and for the treatment of other types of dementia.
Some people, especially in the early stages of the disease, help special exercises designed to improve cognitive function.For example, patients are taught to use special "assistants" to facilitate the process of memorizing - by mnemonic sentences and written notes to computer tools for reminders.
correction of behavior may also help control unacceptable or dangerous behavior of patients.
Most drugs used to treat Alzheimer's disease, are a group of cholinesterase inhibitors.These drugs slow down the decline in the level of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, the amount of which in the brain decreases with disease Alygeymera.
Acetylcholine is important for memory and consumed in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex - two parts of the brain, one is struck with Alzheimer's disease.
medications temporarily improve and stabilize memory and thinking abilities of patients.However, medications can stop or reverse the disease.
drug memantine regulates the activity of the neurotransmitter glutamate, which plays an important role in memory and learning.
glutamate activity is disrupted in Alzheimer's disease.Since memantine has a different principle of action, combined therapy with this preparation and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors may be more effective.
Additionally, patients with Alzheimer's disease is often prescribed anticonvulsants, antidepressants, sedatives for the treatment of seizures, depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, and certain other symptoms of dementia.
standard treatment of vascular dementia does not exist, but some of the symptoms, such as depression, can be treated.Other drugs aimed at reducing the risk of further damage to the brain.
Nevertheless, some studies have shown that the use of cholinesterase inhibitors and other drugs for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease may improve cognitive function and behavioral disorders in patients in the early stages of vascular dementia.
progression of the disease in many cases can be completely stopped, if it is possible to eliminate risk factors.To prevent strokes and heart attacks, doctors may prescribe medications that control blood pressure and cholesterol.Also, drugs are often prescribed to prevent thrombus formation.
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